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Compare and contrast any two models of mental health & illness,paying particular attention to the implications of each model for the provision of care.

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Introduction

Compare and contrast any two models of mental health & illness paying particular attention to the implications of each model for the provision of care. The title 'mental illness' according to Tyrer, et al (2005) "implies disease, and wrapping it up in terms such as 'mental health problems' is only a temporary disguise. An illness suggests that there is a fundamental impairment of normal function and not just normal variation." (p.7) Grusky et al (1981) disagrees with the notion 'mental illness' and states, "mental illness is a myth and the standards by which patients are defined as sick are psychosocial, ethical, and legal, but not medical." (p. 30) This essay will endeavour to show an understanding of 'The Bio-Medical Model,' and the 'Psychodynamic model.' Moreover, it will consider any differences and similarities both models present whilst discussing any implications for the provision of care. The Bio-medical model of medicine suggests, Naidoo, et al (2001) "was first developed in the 19th Century and emphasised that man was a part of nature and could therefore be studied in the same way that nature was studied." (p.71) Within the bio-medical model, abnormal behaviour is termed, according to Davison, (1974) ...read more.

Middle

Nonetheless, since drugs were first introduced psychiatrists and pharmacologists have claimed that major drug treatments, namely tranquillisers, relieve psychotic symptoms .However, Warner (1997) claims a lot of symptoms displayed by the patient, could be due to 'drug induced dopamine super sensitivity' caused by long term use of major tranquillisers. The association of British Pharmaceutical Industry state that the availability of modern medicine has greatly improved the quality of life for people living with schizophrenia. For example, Tyrer, et al (2005) puts forward, "It is known that most patients with the clinical syndrome of schizophrenia are dramatically reduced with treatment of one or more of the antipsychotic group of drugs (there are atypical and typical members) and will relapse if these drugs are withdrawn or reduced to half their original dose." (p.29) In contrast to the medical model, dynamic psychotherapy has had an enormous influence on most western thought and cultures, more importantly it has been a vital component, in many situations, when treating people with mental health problems (Davidson, et al 1975). Psychodynamic, according to Jacobs (2004) refers to a way that the psyche relates to three aspects of a person: thought, feeling, and spirit. ...read more.

Conclusion

Unlike the bio-medical model, it has never reached the standing of a predictive science. (Pilgrim et al 1999) However, the psychodynamic model does alleviate many personality disorders without the need for physical treatment, both models can and do work well together in the battle of helping people with mental health problems. In conclusion, this piece has shown there are differences as well as similarities in both the bio-medical and psychodynamic models. Moreover, it has compared and contrasted each model against each other and discussed the limitations. The bio-medical model seeks to treat with physical methods. It one of the longest standing models within the arena and has greatly improved the quality of life for people living with mental health problems. However, misdiagnosis and categorising illness does, as shown, lead to stigmatization. In addition, a patient could be administered drugs with side effects, for no apparent reason; this can manifest as 'symptoms' of illness. In contrast, the psychodynamic model relies on talking therapy as a form of treatment, which does alleviate the need for physical treatments; its essence however is largely bio-medical in nature. The bio-medical model defines mental health in a purely medical nature; however, the psychodynamic model looks further into the unconscious mind to find and treat the illness. Nonetheless, they are both worthy of their own merit when treating people with psychological health problems. ...read more.

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