• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Compare and contrast any two models of mental health & illness,paying particular attention to the implications of each model for the provision of care.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Compare and contrast any two models of mental health & illness paying particular attention to the implications of each model for the provision of care. The title 'mental illness' according to Tyrer, et al (2005) "implies disease, and wrapping it up in terms such as 'mental health problems' is only a temporary disguise. An illness suggests that there is a fundamental impairment of normal function and not just normal variation." (p.7) Grusky et al (1981) disagrees with the notion 'mental illness' and states, "mental illness is a myth and the standards by which patients are defined as sick are psychosocial, ethical, and legal, but not medical." (p. 30) This essay will endeavour to show an understanding of 'The Bio-Medical Model,' and the 'Psychodynamic model.' Moreover, it will consider any differences and similarities both models present whilst discussing any implications for the provision of care. The Bio-medical model of medicine suggests, Naidoo, et al (2001) "was first developed in the 19th Century and emphasised that man was a part of nature and could therefore be studied in the same way that nature was studied." (p.71) Within the bio-medical model, abnormal behaviour is termed, according to Davison, (1974) ...read more.

Middle

Nonetheless, since drugs were first introduced psychiatrists and pharmacologists have claimed that major drug treatments, namely tranquillisers, relieve psychotic symptoms .However, Warner (1997) claims a lot of symptoms displayed by the patient, could be due to 'drug induced dopamine super sensitivity' caused by long term use of major tranquillisers. The association of British Pharmaceutical Industry state that the availability of modern medicine has greatly improved the quality of life for people living with schizophrenia. For example, Tyrer, et al (2005) puts forward, "It is known that most patients with the clinical syndrome of schizophrenia are dramatically reduced with treatment of one or more of the antipsychotic group of drugs (there are atypical and typical members) and will relapse if these drugs are withdrawn or reduced to half their original dose." (p.29) In contrast to the medical model, dynamic psychotherapy has had an enormous influence on most western thought and cultures, more importantly it has been a vital component, in many situations, when treating people with mental health problems (Davidson, et al 1975). Psychodynamic, according to Jacobs (2004) refers to a way that the psyche relates to three aspects of a person: thought, feeling, and spirit. ...read more.

Conclusion

Unlike the bio-medical model, it has never reached the standing of a predictive science. (Pilgrim et al 1999) However, the psychodynamic model does alleviate many personality disorders without the need for physical treatment, both models can and do work well together in the battle of helping people with mental health problems. In conclusion, this piece has shown there are differences as well as similarities in both the bio-medical and psychodynamic models. Moreover, it has compared and contrasted each model against each other and discussed the limitations. The bio-medical model seeks to treat with physical methods. It one of the longest standing models within the arena and has greatly improved the quality of life for people living with mental health problems. However, misdiagnosis and categorising illness does, as shown, lead to stigmatization. In addition, a patient could be administered drugs with side effects, for no apparent reason; this can manifest as 'symptoms' of illness. In contrast, the psychodynamic model relies on talking therapy as a form of treatment, which does alleviate the need for physical treatments; its essence however is largely bio-medical in nature. The bio-medical model defines mental health in a purely medical nature; however, the psychodynamic model looks further into the unconscious mind to find and treat the illness. Nonetheless, they are both worthy of their own merit when treating people with psychological health problems. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Evaluate Biomedical and Socio Medical models of Health

    4 star(s)

    The social model can be seen as a response to the limitations of the biomedical model. This model is closely linked with positive definitions of health. In the social model the health of individuals and communities is seen as the result of complex and interacting social, economic, environmental and personal factors.

  2. POSITIVE CARE ENVIRONMENT

    They aim to define principles of best practice, serve to protect service users' rights and ensure that they receive the highest possible standards of care. The United Kingdom Central Council for Nursing, Health visiting and Midwifery (UKCC) code of conduct is an example this kind of professional guideline.

  1. Describe the biomedical and socio-medical models of health. Compare patterns and trends of ...

    death; media has influenced us to want to be healthy all of the time. Illich suggests that this reinforces a negative view towards impairment and death. Cultural Iatrogenisis is present in the western world because of our views and opinions towards being ill.

  2. Research In Clinical Practise

    health survey, the EuroQol, the McGill short form pain questionnaire and the Frenchay activities index - are referenced appropriately. However, within their statistical analysis section, 't tests', 'Mann-Whitney tests', 'X2 tests', the 'Kaplan-Meier method' and the 'log rank test' are all quoted within the text but are not referenced, nor explained to the reader.

  1. Physiological Disorders

    X ray images and scans show where the cancer is located, therefore the doctor can choose for patient right treatment and right care strategies for the patient. Operation of other forms of treatment might be required so the x ray image can help the doctor decide which one.

  2. Unit 5 Anatomy and physiology in health and social care

    Respiratory system: Respiratory system is the system of respiratory passages, lungs and respiratory muscles of human body. Respiratory system is responsible for exchange of gases between the human body and the surroundings. In the process of exchange of gases, human body gains oxygen and gets rid of carbon dioxide.

  1. Unit 25: Coping with change in health and social care

    Others are not so fortunate. Some struggle through life with low self-esteem or a high self-esteem that is not based in reality. Source: http://www.mtstcil.org/skills/image-intro.html Negative self-esteem: People who have low self-esteem often put themselves down.

  2. Health and Social Care Unit 3 Health and Well being

    In poorly ventilated areas, indoor smoke can exceed acceptable levels; Exposure is particularly high among women and young children, who spend the most time doing domestic tasks. Outdoor air pollution Air pollution is contamination of the indoor or outdoor environment by any chemical, physical or biological agent that modifies the natural characteristics of the atmosphere.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work