• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Compare and contrast the different perspectives on abnormal behavior (4 perspectives) Good and bad and what do you think.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

10/02/03 Compare and contrast the different perspectives on abnormal behavior (4 perspectives) Good and bad and what do you think. Several models have been put forward over the years. Four of these models are the medical model, the psychodynamic model, the behavioural model and the cognitive model. All of these models have good and bad points depending on what the abnormality is. The medical model shows that abnormal behaviors result from physical problems and should be treated medically. It shows that mental disorders can be treated with medicine. They are four kinds of medical explanation. The four kinds of explanation are infection, genetic factors, biochemistry and neuroanatomy. All of these are different conditions that the patient may have can cause the abnormal behavior, the medical model suggests that some of these conditions can be treated with medicine and some of these conditions are impossible to treat with the current medical technology and has to be researched to give a treatment. Some of these treatments have proven to work with some patients, however, medicine cannot always treat the patient and has claimed to be untreatable. Some of these untreatable mental disorders have been treated through other means instead of medicine. This shows that the medical model is very successful in some psychological conditions. For example the condition of phenylketonuria which is of cause of mental retardation. ...read more.

Middle

This model would be an effective treatment if it were successful as it is unlikely that the problem or any side effects would occur after the treatment. The problem with this treatment is that it take a long period of time and is unreliable as the therapist has to determine what the thought or dream that the patient explained means and the interpretation might be wrong, and so the therapy will be unsuccessful. Other problems with this model are that the adult experiences are ignored and sometimes the cause of the mental disorder could be because of some crisis in adulthood. Freud also believed that any sexual problems caused any disorder that may have, when actually the sexual problem may be the result of poor relationships with other rather that the cause of the disorder. This model maybe ok if the medical model fails. Another model that can be used is the behavioural model, which is based upon the social learning theory. This means that the abnormal behaviour is caused because of either watching other people do things and are rewarded for it or the patient does abnormal things and is rewarded for it in some way. This would cause the patient to do the abnormal behaviour more often. An example of this is loosing weight and getting a complement for it or getting more attention because you look thinner. ...read more.

Conclusion

This will make the patient realise how ridiculous the question is. This will hopefully make the patient realise how rational they are being and no longer be afraid of spiders. The cognitive model emphasised internal, mental influences and the power of the individual to shape their own thinking, which make this model good for treating some patients. A bad point about this model is that its approach to abnormality is rather limited as genetic factors are ignored and life experiences are paid little attention to. All of these models are good at treating their own type of mental disorders. Such as schizophrenia can only be treatable using the medical model because this is a physical disorder as part of the brain is damaged. Therefore, when a patient has a medical disorder, I think it would be worth checking that the patient has no physical disorder such as brain damage by doing a cat scan, as the medical model would give a fast diagnosis and have fast results on the patient. If there is no physical problem with the patient, then the medical model has no way to treat the patient, and so the patient has to use other means by using another model. The patient would have to be analysed beforehand to decide what treatment would be best for the patients particular condition, however, this may take a long period of time as the other treatments do not give very fast results and finding the problem would also take some time. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. Complementary Therapies

    In the1940s and 50s, there was a wave of expansion in the field of counselling. One of the most famous voices was that of Carl R. Rogers whose person centred approach to counselling is at the heart of most current practice.

  2. Free essay

    binge drinking

    Alcohol-related crime costs �7.3bn. Another �4.7bn is spent on the human and emotional costs of alcohol-related crime. Some 22,000 people die prematurely each year because of alcohol misuse. This is directing government resources away from what they should be used for, to combat the public health issue: binge drinking. C.

  1. Physiological disorder

    Glucose is the body's main source of fuel. People that have diabetes can have a risk of developing coronary heart disease, however this can be prevented by trying to lower the blood sugar levels blood pressure and cholesterol close the recommended target.

  2. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and Family Interventions for Psychosis.

    Implementing family intervention in routine clinical practice Using family intervention for schizophrenia in routine clinical practice is a difficult task. A number of obstacles to implementation have been identified by follow-up studies of the impact of training programmes (e.g Kavanagh et al, 1993; Fadden, 1997).

  1. Physiological Disorders

    fact in this waiting time cancer can spread to the other part of the body and make the patient worst. Radiographers have located the cancer and these gives doctors a head start to provide treatments as soon as possible to prevent further complications.

  2. Sociological Perspectives

    The legal system is in place to punish those people who do wrong in society and the police force uses 'beat bobbies' to patrol the street on foot to show people that deviance will not be tolerated. Talcott Parsons (1902-1979)

  1. Surviving Schizophrenia.

    The generalist social worker also works on three levels, micro, mezzo, and macro, not necessarily all at the same time. The generalist social worker would assist in the treatment process in a number of ways. He/she could help the client follow through with their treatment sessions.

  2. Explain the principle psychological perspectives and theories.

    This would be repeated all the way around the table leaving the genuine participant always the last to answer. This was repeated eighteen times with a different size lien each time, twelve out of eighteen times the confederates were told to all give the same wrong answer even though the correct answer was obvious.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work