• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Comparing Biomedical and Biopsychosocial Models of Health

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

A-Level Psychology Comparing Biomedical and Biopsychosocial Models of Health The biomedical model presumes that illness is always due to abnormalities in the body's workings. It is the basis of modern Western medical practice. It works on the theory that if a part of the body goes wrong it should be fixed or replaced, in the same way that a machine would be repaired. It is a reductionist view of illness. ...read more.

Middle

This model also suggests that the body is just a shell for the mind or soul. This is called Cartesian dualism. However the biomedical model doesn't distinguish between illness and heath and suggests that if you are not ill you are healthy. This doesn't encourage or promote healthy lifestyles in people. The biopsychosocial model takes a different approach to health and illness. It is not reductionist and attributes ill health to five factors; ecological systems such as the atmosphere, ecosystems and other life forms that ...read more.

Conclusion

These factors can be split into two categories; micro levels, which are physically small factors such as hormones, and macro levels, which are more visible factors such as culture. However, the physical size of the micro level factors does not mean it's effects will be less than the macro level factors. Taking the example used to illustrate the biomedical model of health, heart disease, may be described by the biopsychosocial model as being caused by; a culture of unhealthy eating or smoking, a family situation where others smoke causing passive smoking, a hereditary disposition to the disease and the patient himself smoking. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

This is a short essay that introduces the general ideas of two models.

It is not very detailed but the definitions are accurate as they stand. The writer has used good examples to demonstrate understanding.

****

Marked by teacher Sam Morran 13/08/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Explain two specific behaviors using psychological perspectives

    5 star(s)

    of the phobias could be learnt from their family member and friends. This paragraph was used from BTEC National Health and Social Care Book 2 and my own knowledge. Chemical explanations suggest that phobias are caused by hormonal changes. These explanations suggest that some individuals Autonomic Nervous System (ANS)

  2. Marked by a teacher

    The Role of Energy in the Body and the Physiology of Three Named Body ...

    5 star(s)

    This means that the air entering the alveoli during breathing is separated from the blood by only two single-layered, very thin walls. There are elastic fibres round the alveoli enabling them to expand and recoil with inspiration and expiration respectively.

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Evaluate Biomedical and Socio Medical models of Health

    4 star(s)

    This model is effective at diagnosing and treating most diseases. It cannot be denied that it has been extremely useful throughout history by establishing the reasons that a disease occurs, and in coming up with very effective treatment regimes. On the other hand, it limits by not taking into account society in general, the prevention of disease is absent.

  2. Theories of health and illness

    The Social-economic causes are the effects of poor living conditions like damp, overcrowded and unsanitary conditions and can aid the spread of disease. Now that there are better living conditions and better health care (vaccinations and drug treatment) some diseases have almost been eradicated i.e.

  1. Describe 4 examples of discriminatory practice

    http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/health/1957396.stm ( Accessed on 17/11/2011) Also another barrier which may need to be overcome is that different individuals come from different backgrounds and were brought up differently to others e.g. religion, gender and race of the person all of these could cause challenging behaviours from individuals.

  2. Personal & professional development in Health & Social care.n this assignment I am going ...

    I will also make sure people take me more serious. Example 3: Unit 5 1. Description: Unit 5 was about the fundamentals of anatomy and physiology this unit obviously involves science which I am not very good at. I believed that I could not achieve this unit and this scared

  1. Health and Social Care Unit 3 Health and Well being

    Keep in touch with friends and loved ones 7. Care for others 8. Get involved and make a contribution by Volunteering 9. Learn new skills 10. Do something creative 11. Take a break 12. Ask for help How would you describe emotional health? Emotions are an important part of being human.

  2. Research Methodology for health and social care

    Improving the quality of care. 3. Ensuring that resources are uses efficiently, without wastes. 4. Addressing specific problems that have arisen. 5. Reducing risk e.g. of acquiring infections such as MRSA. Improvements to practice might involve, for example: 1. Modifying care routines. 2. Changing how care teams work together.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work