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Dementia Awareness - Explain what is ment by the term dementia

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´╗┐Dementia Awareness Q 1.1 Explain what is ment by the term dementia Dementia is a disease which, unfortunately effects mainly the elderly. It comes in various forms, for example:- Alzimers, Pakinson?s and Huntington?s disease. It is often a progression from a stroke and to date there is no cure. Q 1.2. Describe the key functions of the brain that are effected by dementia 1. Temporal lobe is responsible foe vision, memory,laugage, hearing, learning 2. Frontal lobe is responsible for decision making , problem solving, control behavior and emotions 3. Parietal lobe is responsible for sensory information from the body, also where letters are formed, putting things in order and spatial awareness 4. Occipital lobe is responsible for processing information related to vision 5. Cerebrum lobe is biggest part of the Brain its role is memory, attention, thought, and our consciousness, senses and movement 6. Hippocampus is responsible for memory forming, organizing and storing and emotions Q 1.3 Explain why depression, delirium and age related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia Depression can be mistaken for dementia because when someone is very depressed their memory can be affected and they may find it difficult to remember new information. This is similar to dementia except that someone who's depressed may be able to recall the new information after a short time whereas an Alzheimer's sufferer cannot usually do so. ...read more.


4. Losing the ability to carry out simply operations such as paying bills etc. 5. Getting lost in familiarly surroundings or misplacing household objects 6. Neglecting personal care (bathing)or wearing the same clothes over and over again 7. Relaying on someone else to answer questions or to make decisions that used to be handled alone 1. Restlessness, hallucinations and delusions prominent, may react adversely to phenothiazines. The most common symptoms in dementia are:- 1. Frequent and progressive memory loss. People with dementia seem to forget more and more and the most recent events seem to be forgotten most quickly. Occasionally though, clear ?pockets of memory? are still present and these are usually triggered by familiar faces, smells, touches, songs or rituals. 2. Language difficulties: People with dementia are often unable to understand instructions or to follow the logic of moderately complex sentences. He or she may not understand his or her own sentences, and have difficulty forming thoughts into words. Occasionally everyone has trouble finding the right word, but a person with dementia often forgets simple words or substitutes unusual words, making speech or writing hard to understand. 3. Confusion: This behavior causes a person with dementia to become ?estranged? from others and to be unpredictable in interactions. Confusion can also occur ?acutely?, that is, suddenly and limited in time (for example, triggered by a hospital stay). In addition to this general confusion, people with dementia are disoriented in time and place. ...read more.


? The prevalence of dementia in institutions varied little by age or gender, increasing from 55.6% among those aged 65?69 to 64.8% in those aged 95 and over. ? Estimates of the prevalence of dementia among all those aged 65 years and over living in EMI (elderly mentally infirm) homes was 79.9%; nursing homes 66.9% and residential care homes 52.2%. Q 4.1 Describe how different individuals may experience living with dementia depending on their age, type of dementia, and level of ability and disability People with disabilities are at greater risk of developing dementia at a younger age particularly those with Down?s syndrome. They often show different symptoms in the early stages of dementia, they are less likely to receive a correct or early diagnosis of dementia and may not be able to understand the diagnosis may experience a more rapid progression of dementia may already be in a supported living environment, where they are given help to allow them to live independently may have already learned different ways to communicate (e.g. more non-verbal communication if their disability affects speech) will require specific support to understand the changes they are experiencing, and to access appropriate services after diagnosis and as dementia progresses. Q 4.2 outline the impact that the attitudes and behaviors of others may have on an individual with dementia A positive attitude towards the dementia patient can go a long way in improving strengths and minimizing weaknesses. ...read more.

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