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Describe four physical and four behavioural indicators of possible child abuse.Outline legal frameworks relating to the protection of children

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Introduction

Unit 5- safe guarding children P1 Describe four physical and four behavioural indicators of possible child abuse 4signs that indicate physical abuse are: 1. Injuries that form a shape/pattern which could be from an object e.g. cigarette burns, teeth, iron, buckle, belt etc 2. Consistent injuries such as bruises, cuts, bit marks, burns, fractures etc that cannot be self inflected by the child, due to their age development. 3. Repeated signs of poisoning/accidents 4. Bald patches appearing on Childs head which could be caused by hair being pulled out. 4 signs that indicate behavioural abuse are: 1. Showing fear of going home by attempting to run away 2. Sad/cries constantly and showing withdrawal behaviour 3. Child may flinch if their touched unexpectedly 4. Showing aggression and can show abusive behaviour during play. P2 Describe four theoretical models of child abuse Medical Model The medical model believes that disability should be viewed as an illness that can't be treated, cured and has to be dealt with by other provisions. This model determines the care of children with disabilities such as where they should live, what schools they should attend and what jobs to receive, as their expectations are seen as low. Social model The social model sees that all individuals with disabilities are capable of having strengths, skills and preferences. 'The disabled people's Civil Rights Movement/human rights movement' believe that theirs a cure for every problem of disability as long as the right specialist is involved, in order for them to reach their full potential. ...read more.

Middle

Rights to develop to their full potential Rights to be protected from abuse, neglect and exploitation Rights to be with family despite their beliefs etc Rights to have their personal information protected Rights to be who they are Rights to be listen to by adults Rights to have/ keep their identity Rights to special protection if refugee Rights to free play The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (DDA) It aims to end discrimination that disabled people face. It requires settings to * Not to treat people less favourably (different to others) * To provide them with resources/materials they need * Not disadvantage them in any way (not leave them out because they are disabled) * Recognise them as being different (value their differences) Working practises have the responsibility to promote all the things listed above. The Act aims schools to bring greater benefits to disabled pupils, staff/ others. Disabled people now have a wide-ranging set of rights which they can enforce. Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) Regulations 2002 This Act states that substances which are hazardous to health have to be stored& used in a safe way. Hazardous Substances include liquids which can make people ill or injure them i.e. chemicals, paints, liquids, bleach...The Act states that all hazardous materials have to be labelled so people know they are dangerous The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 This Act states that all employers have a legal responsibility under the Act. ...read more.

Conclusion

The psychological model of child abuse believes that receiving and participating in family therapy can cure/ fix any problems and prevent abuse from taking place or continuing. I do not believe that by simply taking part in family therapy it can cure abuse or prevent it from happening, especially when the abuse has already taken part within the family. I think that if abuse has taken place then it affects the whole family and not just the abuser and victim. The model also believes that the child who is considered as the weakest is the youngest receives the abuse; I feel that this is not the case as anyone can be a victim within the family. The feminist model of abuse believes that abuse is preformed by men who try to control and dominate other members of the family, simply to get what they want. This model believes that women get abused as they are seen as weak within the eyes of society and that they can be dominated easier than another man can. I feel that this is because typically these are the stereotypical views that men are better than anyone. After describing and evaluating the models of abuse I feel that there is no specific model which is correct within every single child abuse case, as every child is an individual and cases should be looked at individually and that no stereotypes should be used throughout. ?? ?? ?? ?? Ella-Marie Neckles ...read more.

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