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Describe how health and safety legislations, policies and procedures promote the safety of individuals in a health or social care setting.

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M1: Describe how health and safety legislations, policies and procedures promote the safety of individuals in a health or social care setting. There are many legislations, policies and procedures that are put in place to ensure and promote health and safety in all health and social care environments. These can include legislations, laws or acts that are legally passed by the government such as the data protection act (1998) and the control of substances hazardous to health (COSHH) 2002. A document that enclose rules and regulations of what should be done in a workplace environment is known as a policy and should be followed by all staff and service users in all workplace environments especially a health and social care setting, policies can include illness and safeguarding. Lastly there are also known procedures that all workplace staff and service users should follow in the case of an emergency or otherwise. A policy is a set of steps that should be followed to ensure the maximum safety of all individuals. Procedures can comprise of the outing and end of day routine. The data protection act (1998) is a law passed by the government which prevents information in relation to identifiable living individuals being stored or acquired without consent and reason. ...read more.


So it is important to ensure that all hazardous substances are kept locked, out of sight of all children so that they are unable to get their hands on them, because though there are warning signs on most hazardous substances, a child would not be able to comprehend these signs. Therefore for the health and safety of the children at the nursery it is important the rules of the legislation are followed as accurately as possible to ensure that the nursery is a safe environment for all the children. There are many policies that promote the safety in health and social care settings, including illness. There are specific instructions that should be followed if a child falls ill or injured him/herself during school term time. There are certain illnesses that if the child was to obtain prevent the child from coming into school because of the seriousness of the illness. Illnesses such as Diarrhea and/or vomiting, doubtful rash, conjunctivitis and infectious illness (http://www.gruntys.net/daycare/Illness_Policy.htm, accessed April 23rd, 2012) denote that the child is not allowed to attend the nursery until all symptoms have cleared to prevent the illness spreading to other children in the class. If a child falls ill whilst at nursery, the child will be checked by the onsite first aider the parents of the child will be called depending on the seriousness of the situation. ...read more.


Furthermore planning the trip to ensure everything is all planned for the day is essential. On the day all children must be put into groups of 3 or 4 and have their own supervising adult, also all children must be wearing a label on their persons with the name of the nursery in case of any emergency. This is to ensure the safety of the child is put first and to take safety precautions in case anything was to go wrong, for example if the child was to get lost or get separated from the group then with the help of the name label a passerby could identify and aid the child. Another procedure that promoted the health and safety of a service users in a health and social care environment, includes the ?end of day? procedure followed in nurseries to ensure that all children and finished and ready to go home. This procedure is to protect and aid children in a nursery environment. If a child was to have gone missing just before the end of the day and none of the carers/teachers had noticed, the end of day routine would ensure that all the children are in the classroom before the doors are opened to the parents. ...read more.

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