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Describe how key legislation in relation to health, safety and security influences health and social care delivery

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Introduction

Health and Safety P2 - Describe how key legislation in relation to health, safety and security influences health and social care delivery In this assignment I am going to describe how key legislation in relation to health, safety and security influences health and social care delivery. Key legislation is the name given to the main laws to do with health and safety. Legislation is defined as "a law or group of laws". Stretch. Beryl. (2007). BTEC National Health and social care book 1. The main piece of legislation in relation to health and safety is 'The health and safety at Work Act' which was first implemented in 1974. It is also referred to as the HASAWA or HSW. It is the primary piece of legislation covering all aspects of occupational health and safety within the United Kingdom. The Health and Safety at Work Act is an enabling act and has brought about significant improvements in health and safety in the workplace. Before the implementation of this particular legislation, the UK had one of the lowest accident rates in the world. Even though, the legislation has made noticeable improvements, they are still over "200 people killed each year at work in the United Kingdom, and over 150,000 are injured." Stretch. Beryl. (2007). BTEC National Health and social care book 1. The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 was implemented in order to set out the general duties which employers have towards employees and members of the public, and employees have to themselves and to each other. ...read more.

Middle

To provide training and information ? To maintain any place under their control in a safe condition. Within section 7 of the HASAWA it states that employees have specific responsibilities too: * Take reasonable care for the health and safety of himself and others who may be affected by his acts or omissions at work. * To co-operate with his employer or any other person, so far as is necessary, to enable his employer or other person to perform or comply with any requirement or duty imposed under a relevant statutory provision. There are several areas under the HASAWA which are covered by specific regulations. These additional regulations have been added in order to reflect changes in practice, technology and understanding. Some of these regulations included within the Health and Safety at Work Act are; * Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 * Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 * Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous occurrences Regulations 1995 (RIDDOR) * Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002 (COSHH) Regulation is defined as; "A principle, rule, or law designed to control or govern behaviour." Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 This regulation first came into effect in 1992. Since then amendments have been made and the last modification took place on 29 December 1999. The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations outlines what is expected of employers in order to meet the requirements of the Health and Safety at Work Act. ...read more.

Conclusion

It is very important that these are reported to the Health and Safety Executive as they can assess the incident and reduce or take away any risks which could lead to future dangerous occurrences. "Our mission (HSE) is to protect people's health and safety by ensuring risks in the changing workplace are properly controlled." www.hse.gov.uk Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002 (COSHH) This regulation was first introduced in 1998 but have been modified several times. It requires employers to control and hazardous substances within the work place which employees and others could be exposed to during work. A hazardous substance is any product used in the workplace which may be a risk to an individuals health if they are not controlled. It is an employers responsibility within the workplace to take all reasonable steps to ensure that they use control measures appropriately and report and defects. E.g. they could make the employees wear protective clothing to avoid too much exposure to the products. COSHH requires employers to: * Assess the risks posed by hazardous substances such as body fluids and sharps * Devise and implement precautions to prevent or control exposure to hazardous substances * Ensure procedures are followed * Carry out health surveillance to identify early signs of disease * Prepare plans to deal with accidents, incidents and emergencies * Ensure staff are adequately trained and supervised. Conclusion ...read more.

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