• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe physical and psychological changes due to the ageing process (P5)

Extracts from this document...


Task 3 Learning Outcome 3 Describe physical and psychological changes due to the ageing process (P5) When older individuals begin to reach their final life stages within the life span, they may require more assistance from other individuals due to the changes which they will experience throughout the ageing process. In this assignment I am going to describe in detail the changes which take place in an individual as a result of ageing. I am going to focus on both physical and psychological changes which may occur, and also take into consideration that these factors can sometimes be interconnected. I understand that every individual is different and therefore the changes which I am going to discuss in this assignment may differ from one individual to another. The ageing process can be defined in many ways. Many scientists have different views on how ageing occurs and what it involves. For example, some scientists say that; "Ageing is the result of a build-up of damage in our bodies' cells." http://www.bbc.co.uk/health/health_over_50/gettingolder_age.shtml Even though ageing is a process in which every individual experiences at some point during their life, and is therefore genetic. Research has shown that the ageing process can be a result of a combination of both genetic factors and environmental factors. "The aging process depends on a combination of both genetic and environmental factors." ...read more.


For example, if an individual ate healthily and did regular exercise they will more than likely to live longer than somebody that does not do exercise, and smokes everyday as their body will be in a much healthier condition. This may delay the ageing process because if the individual exercises, their muscles for instance will still be strong and they will therefore have much more energy and both the heart and lungs can still work efficiently. An individual that leads a healthy lifestyle has the potential to live until they are in their nineties, whereas if an individual smokes everyday and doesn't take into account what they are eating they are likely to die much younger. Life expectancy is defined as; "the average number of years of life remaining at a given age. It is the average expected lifespan of an individual." http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Life_expectancy These statistics taken from; http://www.bio-medicine.org/medicine-news/Unhealthy-Diet-Reduces-Life-Expectancy-10717-1/ show the number or deaths amongst individuals as a result of a poor diet; "In Netherlands, every year about 13,000 deaths due to diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer occurs as a result of poor diets. In the other hand obesity claims 7,000 lives by causing heart disease and cancer - a study finds." "Life expectancy changes as one gets older. By the time a child reaches their first year, their chances of living longer increase. ...read more.


The factors we can correct directly are diet, exercise, smoking, alcohol intake and the degree to which we expose ourselves to pollutants. Sleep, fluid intake, and excessive stress effect our rate of ageing. There is a well-known list of life events which are related to stress. High on the list are the deaths of a partner or child, loss or change of a job, financial crises and major illness. Longevity relates to a sense of purpose and meaning in life, commitment within a community and a quality of independent mindedness. In many respects the present cohort of 50 and 60 year olds represent a pioneer group. They grew up in the post war years when there was a new spirit of freedom and they have retained a determination to find purpose in the later years of their life. They represent a significantly large section of the community and are, therefore, increasingly influential in economic terms. Lifestyle factors We can control some aspects of the process Ageing isn't all down to our genes. We can control some aspects of the process. The lifestyle choices we make are important. We can eat food that burdens our bodies with saturated fats, for example, or we can eat food that's high in natural antioxidants to aid the body's defences. We can exercise so our natural systems for renewal and repair keep our muscles, lungs and blood circulatory system in good shape, and we can stretch our minds to reinforce the networks of connection between brain cells. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. Free essay

    Theories of ageing p5

    Clothes and appearance are a way of expressing solidarity with friends, although teenage children are still more likely to get their values from the family. Peer pressure tends to take place during the life stage of adolescence because individual tend to listen to their friends rather than family.

  2. Describe physical and psychological changes due to the ageing process

    Emphysema, a disease where the air sacs (in the lungs) become damaged, causes a shortness of breath and in severe cases it can result in respiratory failure. Asthma can also occur when the respiratory system starts to deteriorate, it is caused by a narrowing of the airways and it can be present in any life stage.

  1. Describe physical and psychological changes due to the ageing process.

    In time, this results in a drop in the amount of oxygen in the blood. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [COPD] - when there is an airflow obstruction, perhaps due to emphysema or bronchitis, the resulting condition is described as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

  2. Unit 4-Human lifespan development

    Siblings can serve as role models and as valuable supports and critics in what can and cannot be done. This period of time is very active for children, who engage in many activities and are eager to explore new activities.

  1. Identify the role of exercise in reducing the physiological effects of the ageing process ...

    This is called osteoporosis and can cause many serious problems for example bone fractures. But exercise, especially weight-bearing exercises such as walking, can help your bones become stronger and less susceptible to injury. Exercise also helps maintain your sense of balance and agility, this means reducing your risk of injury from a fall.

  2. P5/M3 Explain the effects of physical and psychological changes as they reach older age

    The Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the name of the condition in after the disease of Emphysema. This disease causes a blockage to the breathing of the individual; in which there may be a build up of fluid in the body. Nervous system: At this life stage of life, the individual would have lost many

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work