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Describe physical, intellectual, emotional and social development for each of the life stages of an individual.

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Introduction

P1 - Describe physical, intellectual, emotional and social development for each of the life stages of an individual. Life stages Age Conception 9 months before month Pregnancy 9 months to birth Birth and Infancy 0 -3 years Childhood 4-9 years Adolescence 10-18 years Adulthood 19-65 years Older Adulthood 65ï« years Conception ( 9 months before birth) Conception is when sexual intercourse takes place. It occurs inside the female body. A woman produces one egg each month, the egg travels from the ovary through the fallopian tube towards the uterus. A sperm is release from the male during intercourse, if the sperm reaches the fallopian tube while the egg is there; there is a change of conception. The fecundated egg reaches the uterus and attaches to the wall. At the beginning is a ball of cells which divides to become an embryo. Fertilisation means that the genetic material in the sperm joins with the genetic material in the egg to start a new life. Pregnancy ( 9 months to birth) Is the fertilization and development of one or more offspring in the woman’s uterus. Pregnancy is divided in three trimesters to simplify reference to different stages of pregnancy. The first trimester include conception, fertilisation and implantation of the egg. And is where the foetus starts his early development. ...read more.

Middle

Children at the age of 4 have the ability to climb stairs, kick and throw large balls. Between the ages of 5 ? 6 years old they can play ball games with more skills, and they have the ability to jump rope and skip. At the age of 7 they begin to ride two-wheeled bicycle. Emotional Development Children begin to have a self- definition on comparison with others. They might develop a sense of confidence or a sense of failure and inferiority. At the age of 6 years old, strong sex role stereotyping imitation of same sex model. Between 8 ? 9 years old self- definition begins to include more inner and complex qualities. Social Development Children begin primary socialisation, where they begin to learn social roles and behaviour within their family context. Also they are involve in co-operative play, which means they will learn to co-operate if other children. At the age of 4 signs of individual friendship starts to show. At the age of 6 same sex play groups will be preferred. Between 9 ? 10 years old enduring friendships appear regularly. Intellectual Development Children start to read, literacy, start to discover new talents, some of them sing, take part in choir and other activities such as drama. ...read more.

Conclusion

They achieve more knowledge through experience. In early adulthood essential brain growth already has taken place, and individuals are now applying and using knowledge and analytical capabilities. Young adults are able to assimilate and synthesize complex and contradictory situations and arguments and unlike adolescents, are not se on finding absolute truths. They are focused on developing their careers and achieving independence from their families. Older Adulthood ( 65 ï« years ) Physical Development In older adulthood health problems are more likely to occur. Eye problems as well some older adulthood might sick help with an optician, ear problems, some of them start to lose their audition. Other changes in the body such lost of hair, they become bold, white hair. The facial definition changes as well. Emotional Development They need to cope with physical changes associated with ageing and death, some might experience emotional despair due to this physical changes and become depress. Social Development In older adulthood they have more free time due to retirement; however they have less contact with colleagues in social setting which limit social life. Some older adults increase involvement with old friends and family, instead of making new ones. Some of them do not have access to a car, internet, mobile phones, limiting opportunities for social contact. Also due to physical changes such of ill-health, hearing problems vision problems may make interaction with other people more difficult. Intellectual Development Adults at this stage tend to have memory loss. ...read more.

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