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Describe physical, intellectual, emotional and social development throughout life stages.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Describe physical, intellectual, emotional and social development throughout life stages (P1) Life stages Physical development Intellectual development Emotional development Social development Conception is the fertilization of the egg by the sperm and its implantation in the uterine wall Innate reflex, growth. Cellular development Pregnancy is the state of being pregnant; the period from conception to birth when a woman carries a developing fetus in her uterus Physical development takes place in the uterus were the embryo develops in to a fetus and the baby grows bigger, developing in growth at the same time as by the end of 8 weeks all major organs have developed but are continuing to grow in size. Birth and infantry Theses stages begin after the mother has given birth and is at stages 0-3 of a Childs life. This is the stage were the process of development of walking begins At birth stage the neonate's movements are random with no co-ordination with primitive reflexes, will use reflexes in a response to a stimulus such as touch and sound. After some months the infant will use voluntary movements. After the first month the child can hold their own head up for a few seconds were as after 10 months can support themselves in standing by balancing on nearby furniture and have developed motor skills such as use of picking up objects from one hand to the other. Any time after this point a child is expected to be able to take their first steps and at 18 months should be able to walk and start to run. At this stage an infant is exploring new objects through sight, smell, touch and sound. Sucking and touching an object helps the infants understanding of the object 6-9 months infants respond to some vocal instructions such as 'wave' and 'clap'. At one year old some children can say about three whole words which usually include mom and dad. ...read more.

Middle

Although biological factors can have an effect on an individual's development immediately from birth and later on in their life the way in which they are nurtured can also play an effect. Such as the right care needed from their parents to support them through their conditions and in some cases receiving medications to help their life become more comfortable and 'normal' Also how they are treated in society can have an effect on their development wither they are accepted or miss treated due to their biological condition. Therefore I feel biological factors on the development of an individual are 80% nature and 20% nurture. I nurture feel it I 20% because the mother is the course of the child's biological factors and I feel nurture starts from pregnancy. Also the ways in which the child is then nurtured throughout their development also plays apart as this can influence the child behaviors positively and negatively. On the other hand I feel nature is main influence on the Childs development as biological factors are based on things that the individual had no control can have effects on their development through conditions that can't be cured so hence the saying ' its they way they are' Environmental factors also have potential influences on an individual development throughout life. These have on the physical well being of an individual. For example environmental conditions such as air pollution in certain areas can have an effect on there physical ability to breath as air pollutions such as nitrogen oxide can lead to diseases of the lung which can cause individual it have breathing difficulties. Also environmental factors that can have a physical effect on the individual are pollen from plants and flowers. This can lead a person to develop hay fever and contract vast amount of irritant rashes to the skin and cause discomforts thought their life when around plants and flowers. ...read more.

Conclusion

An individual own choices in life do have a huge impact on the way in which they develop but nature and nurture can also have an influence on the choices they make. For example educational choices such as going to university can only be made if the individual has enough money to attend, so economical factors can prevent their choices. Also the control over their health can be done by avoiding drug intake, healthy diet and more exercise but some diseases that can be prevented by a healthy lifestyle can also come about due to genetic factors and biological factors, such as cancers, they can be reduced by a healthy life style but people can develop them in other ways. So the choices in which people take in their life do influence development but only to a certain degree as other factors like economical and genetic factors can influence or even prevent the choices people make. Genetics and environmental interactions also work in relationship to an individual's development for example a child can be born with a talent for music. In the child's family, this talent for music is expressed by the child at an early age, through his activities of listening to music and music abilities. The parents then notice their child's interest in music and can then expose the child to more music by giving him a toy musical instrument such as a keyboard. The child's interest in music grows further and his talent develops and the parents offer even more musical experiences such as piano lessons. This has a further positive effect on the child's talent and his desire to play music. It is thus clear that both the child's inherited talent and environment shaped his development. The child had the talent for music, but this led to a change in the environment by making his parents provide more musical experiences. Now these experiences in the environment further developed the child's talent and motivation. This shows that genetic and environmental factors work together to in the development of an individual. ...read more.

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Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

This is essentially a child development essay that focuses on the nature nurture debate. The writer has fallen into the common trap of discussing but not always applying the discussion to development.

There are some errors - particularly in the Nature/Nurture section but they could be easily rectified with a little more research. It could be enhanced by more application and a case study.

****

Marked by teacher Sam Morran 06/09/2013

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