• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe reasons why individuals may experience additional needs.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Mia Nicole Lock BTEC N/D in Health and Social Care Year 2 Unit 26 - Karen James Assignment 1 Caring for individuals with additional needs P1. Describe reasons why individuals may experience additional needs. There are many different factors that cause additional needs. Causes can be due to genetic, developmental, environmental, accident or other factors. Genetic factors Down syndrome is one of the most known genetic causes. It occurred in 23.81 per 10,000 births in the UK back in 2002 (University of Ulster, 2003) (http://www.wrongdiagnosis.com/d/down_syndrome/stats.htm) Everyone has 23 pairs of chromosomes in each cell, 46 altogether with one of each pair coming from the mother and father. For Down syndrome to be present an extra chromosome is formed taking their total to 47, professor Jerome Lejeune discovered this. Down syndrome was first described in 1866 by a Dr John Langdon Down; this is how Down syndrome got its name. This particular genetic factor is also present in a baby from the moment of conception. The cause for the extra chromosome is still unknown and there is also no cure for the condition. Although it is not known why this happens, we do know that babies have a much higher risk of Down syndrome when they are born to older mothers. ...read more.

Middle

Hearing loss Because individuals with Down syndrome are at risk of developing hearing loss as a child and as an adult it's important to have regular hearing checks throughout their life to ensure everything is ok. If an individual does have a hearing impairment they may benefit from hearing aids, but will mostly be helped by adapting their environment for example reducing background noise or the use of sign language to support their speech. Vision Individuals with Down syndrome may also have vision impairments therefore it's also important to have regular vision checks. Vision impairments in a person with Down syndrome can include cataracts and nystagmus which is a continuous rapid eye movement or wobble. They may also not be able to see sharp, clear images at different distances like a child without Down syndrome could. These defects can be corrected by surgery if necessary and by wearing glasses. (http://www.down-syndrome.org/information/development/overview/?page=5) Developmental factor Autistic spectrum disorder which is also most commonly known as Autism affects over half a million people in the UK. (http://www.autism.org.uk/nas/jsp/polopoly.jsp?d=235&a=3432) Understanding and diagnosing Autism can be very difficult because it is not a visible condition. ...read more.

Conclusion

The additional needs of people with meningitis Unfortunately some babies and young children experience learning difficulties and behavioural problems following meningitis. These difficulties can usually sort themselves out. Meningitis may cause additional needs because of the short-term effects it has such as: * General tiredness * Persistent headaches * Clumsiness * Giddiness * Sore or stiff joints Meningitis can also cause permanent damage such as: * Memory problems or loss * Concentration problems * Hearing loss or deafness * Damage in inner ear causing balance problems * Partial loss of vision or blindness * Severe brain damage * Epilepsy * Emotional difficulties (Karen James - Class Handout 2009 - Meeting additional requirements for children's care, learning and development) Accident An accident such as an injury to the head can cause many problems. These problems could be minor such as headaches and possibly stitches due to a cut. Major problems can cause additional needs because they may require more professional help. Major problems depend on which area of the brain is affected but it can include: * Memory loss * Difficulties with concentration * Personality disorders * Depression * Difficulty with speech * Difficulty with movement with a particular body part * Paralysis (Karen James - Class Handout 2009 - Meeting additional requirements for children's care, learning and development) Other The additional needs of people with ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

Star rating 3
This assignment describes reasons why individuals may experience additional needs. The work shows an understanding of these reasons. Down syndrome has been covered in detail. The remaining categories have been described but the descriptions of autism, meningitis and head injury could be extended to give some description of how the additional needs could be supported, as per the comments on the work. The assignment could be further improved by extending the introduction to include a definition of additional needs and the three categories physical needs, mental needs and learning needs. One other genetic condition could be covered such as cystic fibrosis or sickle cell. Referencing has been provided, but this could be more specific in places and a reference list has not been produced.

Marked by teacher Jenny Spice 06/06/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. Personal & professional development in Health & Social care.n this assignment I am going ...

    Security needs are important for survival, but they are not as demanding as the physiological needs. Examples of security needs include a desire for steady employment, health insurance, safe neighbourhoods and shelter from the environment. Last but not least Physiological needs talks about basic life needs- which are air, food, water, shelter, warmth, sex, sleep and etc.

  2. P1/M1/D1- Factors that impact upon my learning and development.

    and enhance and refine this to a higher a level, this now reflects in the work I produce in which I try to make use of all the skills in computer technology to produce work that is to the highest standard possible for me.

  1. P2 Identify the process and assessment tools involved in planning support for individuals with ...

    Furthermore, Mr Farsal?s GP must ensure that his holistic needs are fully met. Secondly, the second key profession that is involved in planning the support for Mr. Farsal is his social worker. The social worker will help Mr Farsal?s intellectual needs, social needs as well as physical needs.

  2. Outline current legislation, guidelines policies and procedure within own UK Home Nation affecting the ...

    The importance of a child or young persons centred approach is to understand that every child is different. The national framework of Every Child Matters was set up to support the joining up of services to ensure every child can achieve the five Every Child Matters outcomes.

  1. The physical, intellectual, emotional and social effects on someone with Down's Syndrome

    No two people with Down syndrome will have identical personalities, although they often share certain behaviours or coping mechanisms. For example, many people with Down?s syndrome prefer having a daily routine to follow which is their way of dealing with the complex things in everyday life.

  2. Unit 26: Caring for Individuals with Additional Needs

    The aim of the normalisation model is to enable people with disabilities an opportunity to live and experience the same sort of daily, weekly routines, activities, education, employment and relationships etc. as anyone else in the general community has, without fear, ridicule or discrimination.

  1. Unit 14 - Identifying and treating physiological disorders.

    Motor Neurone Disease: This is a rare condition when parts of the nervous system become damaged, weak, and muscle wasting. Motor Neurone disease occurs when specialist nerve?s cells in the brain and spinal cord caused motor neurone stop properly they control important muscles activity such as: * Gripping * Walking

  2. Health and Social Care Unit 3 Health and Well being

    Smoking has also been banned from indoor areas e.g. pubs, which means they might feel left out from what may be happening indoors while they are smoking outside. Alcohol affects the body in a variety of different ways. It affects the body physically by the following. Alcohol acts like a sedative and slows down muscle coordination, reflexes, movement, and speech.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work