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Describe the application of behaviourist perspectives in health and social care.

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Introduction

Unit 8: Assignment 8.1a P1: Describe the application of behaviourist perspectives in health and social care. Introduction Behaviourist approaches are easy to understand. Behaviourists are only interested in our behaviour - in what we actually do. They are not interested in anything that might be going on inside our heads. Behaviourists apply scientific principles to studying behaviour. They don't think it is important to ask and analyse what people might be thinking or feeling. All that matter is what we see them doing. Behaviourist approaches are really theories about learning and are easy to apply to health and social care. If we understand how people learn, we can help them to learn new skills. We can also help them to unlearn old habits that are unhelpful to them. The Classical Conditioning Theory A Russian physiologist called Ivan Pavlov developed this theory. He was working with dogs to investigate their digestive system. Ivan Pavlov (1849 - 1936) studied salivating dogs and conducted a series of experiments that demonstrated conditioning. The experiments showed how the stimulus of the bell was a conditioned stimulus when the dog associated with the arrival of food (an unconditioned stimulus) ...read more.

Middle

As a result, they try to avoid certain social activities and situation. The phobia that I am going to look at is Arachnophobia, which is fear of spiders. If I told you that someone ten miles away had a small spider in his or her loft, it would not worry you. There is some level of exposure to spiders, which is not a problem for you. It might be that a tiny spider in a jar in the next room might not be a problem, or that a photo or drawing of a spider would not be frightening. Whatever that level of tolerable exposure is, it is worth doing a few experiments to determine where the level is. Even if, to people who are not scared of spiders, the situations seem absurd, it is worth examining where the tolerable level is for you. Now this is the interesting bit, because even without any effort or having to put up with being scared of these things, your tolerance starts to improve. Just by thinking about it and realising that the spider less than 2mm across 200 metres away was not scary on that day, a week later you can examine the state of the phobia again and realise that a 3mm spider 150m away would not be too bad. ...read more.

Conclusion

The child learns that their behaviour (a tantrum), gets want they want a sweet, and so they will repeat the behaviour. The use of bribery in an attempt to change the behaviour will not result in behaviour change or modification. When bribery is used, all that learned is what do to please the person who holds the rewards, not the preferred behaviour. If changing or modifying behaviour is the desired outcome, there is no mention of reward at the time and this only comes after the desired behaviour has been demonstrated and linked to behaviour. For example, if an adult asks a child to tidy those toys up, praise should be given telling them how well they did this and how helpful it is only after they have completed the task. On the other hand, when shaping behaviour is the desired outcome, the reward could be indicated when the request for desired behaviour is made. For examples, when you have tidied all the toys up we can go walk to the park and play on the swings. It is important that the desired outcome is clear and that positive reinforcement is not confused with bribery or that punishment is seen as negative reinforcement. ?? ?? ?? ?? Sana Parkar ...read more.

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