• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the different concepts of ill health

Extracts from this document...


P3 - describe the biomedical and socio-medical models of health: M2 - explain the biomedical and socio-medical models of health: For this assignment I will be using the following case study which was provided on the Assignment briefing sheet: ''Jason is Afro-Caribbean and is 42 years old. He has had a serious accident at work. He has several broken bones and internal bleeding, he needs extensive surgery. Doctors are unsure whether he will pull through. His family are contacted and told to attend the hospital. On arrival, his family are escorted to the visitor's room. The doctor arrives and explains the circumstances to his family. Jason's wife tells the doctor she would like to see him. The doctor advises against this. Jason is taken to theatre where they find he has a broken pelvis, leg, hand and knee. The doctor informs the family that they will be moving Jason to another hospital 30 miles away because they do not have the necessary expertise. Jason's wife mentions briefly that she will not be able to travel that distance. Jason is moved. '' When describing health there are two different models of health, these are the biomedical model of health and the socio-medical model of health. These two models try to define health. The biomedical model of health holds the concept that if an individual isn't diseased then they are healthy. The biomedical model of health is adopted most of the National health service and most health care providers in western society, this is because as a society we focus on treating the specific illness that is visible rather than looking what has contributed or caused it. ...read more.


Socio-medical model of health would looks at Jason as a whole and would assess his needs, his physical need is to get better and to repair his bones, his intellectual needs are to get back into work and be stimulating his mind again, his emotional need is to accept what has happened and to come to terms with the trauma and his social needs are to see his friends and family again. Using the biomedical model the doctor would be trying to diagnose an illness or cause for Jason not to be eating, for example, a surgery complication or a reaction to the anaesthetic. The doctors need to address Jason as a whole and if they did they would see his other needs. If Jason is left as he is he could become lonely and depressed, this could be another reason why he is not eating, he could also begin to lose faith and may give up trying to get better. M2 - explain the biomedical and socio-medical models of health: For many years there have been many arguments about the cause of mental disabilities such as anxiety and depression, the first argument is that there is an imbalance of chemicals in the brain, such as, serotonin or whether it's caused by environmental factors such as increased stress or fear. Both could be a cause for depression, an imbalance of anything in life could cause something to happen and life events could definitely be a factor as if something bad happens to someone it is bound to affect them in some way or another. ...read more.


The education wouldn't be a priority for the biomedical doctor, as the education wouldn't be affecting the body. Even though the lack of schooling could be detrimental to the individuals emotional and social health, this wouldn't be considered until the person actually has a problem such as depression. Once the individual has depression it would then be treated. However, the socio-medical model of health would look at everything in the individuals life and look at what Is causing the individuals problems, the lack of food wouldn't be treated just be giving them food, but maybe, provide them with the tools and equipment to grow their own food. Otherwise, each person would be coming back to the doctor every day for food. The socio-medical would also then consider providing education as if they were educated they may find it easier to support them self which would keep them happy and help prevent psychological and emotional problems. In general I feel that the social-medical model of health is best because it consider everything and the person as a whole, it can also consist of more natural remedies which could be of more help in places such as Africa as they might not have the infrastructure to provide medication. Biomedical model of health is of use because it treats the problems but doesn't really provide much prevention as the poor housing conditions could result in other conditions such as respiratory problems. Therefore; looking at the person and the problem as a whole would be of much more use. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

The writer clearly understands the key differences between the two models of health. There is evidence of excellent application to specific case studies and some analysis.
Star rating: 4

Marked by teacher Renata Andrzejewska 30/11/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Evaluate different sociological explanations for patterns and trends of health and illness in two ...

    3 star(s)

    Men are also increasingly becoming obese and overweight. In 2002, 47% of all men were overweight and 21% were obese, compared to 15% in 1994. This trend is more common among the manual, semi-skilled, unskilled and unemployed men who are also linked to poorer diets and a lack of exercise.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Describe the physical, intellectual, emotional and social development for each of the life stages ...

    3 star(s)

    It is more seen as a requirement and everyone has the right to education. School is seen as a good experience as it can build a bright future for you, which can enhance your skills. It can also help a person in a social and intellectual way.

  1. Concepts of Good Health. Health can be defined negatively and positively an example of ...

    In this model people feel that they are responsible for looking after their own health and thereby ensuring they are well. They are very careful on what they are eating so they can take in the nutrients they needs.

  2. Personal & professional development in Health & Social care.n this assignment I am going ...

    * Reflective observation- this is the reviewing or reflecting stage where you think about the things that you performed and what happened during the concrete experience. * Abstract conceptualisation- this stage is the concluding stage in relation to the concrete experience, often called the theorising stage.

  1. Within this essay the author will explore the concepts / issues in the specific ...

    public trust and confidence, by maintaining appropriate personal and professional standards of behaviour"; and by doing this the mentor is not only being disrespectful to the patients mother, but they are setting a bad example to the student. The concept of informed consent is also an important issue within healthcare,

  2. Unit 21 Nutrition for Health and social care

    due to the saturated fat in some oils eating fried foods makes individuals feel full quickly and bread is full of carbohydrates and nutrients which will give children energy throughout the day schools should also serve fresh water and no fizzy drinks or confectionary because having too much sugar can make children hyper active and can lead to tooth decay.

  1. Public Health: How are current patterns of ill health monitored? How have current patterns ...

    Although this statistic is lower than the average in England, it has been steadily increasing from 74 and has risen by about 2½ years in 9 years time. Comparing Chopwell and Spelthorne we can see that life expectancy is much lower in Chopwell than in Spelthorne and has been for years.

  2. For Early years and education A04 I am going to plan and carry out ...

    I will also be on hand to assist her if she has trouble doing anything. 2:00pm- 2:10pm After carefully reading the recipe instructions, I will supervise Francesca in measuring out the ingredients and then she will mix the ingredients together, put the mixture in cake cases and then place them in the fridge to set.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work