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Describe the standard precautions for the prevention and control of infection in a health and social care workplace.

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Introduction

P3-Describe the standard precautions for the prevention and control of infection in a health and social care workplace. One standard precaution in health and social care workplaces to prevent the spread of infections is to wash hands constantly. This is because most of the surfaces which workers in the sector will touch will have some bacteria on them. Although in this is not much of a problem at first as the build up of bacteria increases so does the chance of infection spreading. So as a precaution to prevent infection being spread from the bacteria on the hand they often wash their hands regularly with anti-bacterial hand wash. (Ayling.P, 2007) Standard Precautions * Protect broken skin * Observe the hand hygiene policy * Use protective clothing correctly * Observe aseptic precautions for all invasive procedures/manipulation of catheters. * Clean, disinfect and/or sterilise as appropriate reusable equipment between each use. * Handle and dispose of bed linen correctly. ...read more.

Middle

(Ayling.P, 2007) Also the bed sheets in health workplaces are changed often. This is because even without any bodily fluid on them, shared bed sheets can spread fungal infections and if there are bodily fluids they could also possibly spread bacterial and viral infections. This means they are changed regularly during the day and every new patient gets a fresh set of bed sheets. (Ayling.P, 2007) Personal cleanliness promotes good health and well-being. Regular washing and attention to our personal hygiene helps to control the growth of bacteria, viruses and fungi which spread and can later lead to the possibility of a disease spreading or someone getting infected. Personal protective equipment must also be worn by healthcare workers in any health care settings. This includes, aprons, gowns, gloves, eye protection and face masks. Such equipment is used to protect staff and patients and reduce opportunities for transmission of microorganisms in health care settings. ...read more.

Conclusion

The usual programme of infant vaccinations in the UK is spread out over several months, though most of the vaccinations are given in the first four months. It's important to complete the course of vaccinations for maximum protection and minimum prevention of disease. The immunisations are available for: diphtheria, rubeola (measles), rubells, mumps, tetanus, Haemophilus influenza type B, poliomyelitis, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and varicella (chicken pox). Finally, when working in a health care setting, the environment has to be safe in order to help reduce the spread of infection. Certain procedures take place, especially in hospitals, where infection control is concerned. For example, needles ,syringes, blades and other sharp instruments must be placed directly into a rigid sharps container immediately after use. Health carers are also advised to have a 'sharps' bin immediately to hand when using sharps equipment (such as needles) and they are reminded never to reheat, bend or break needles. Waste contaminated with blood or body fluids have to be discarded into clinical waste bags for incineration. All of these procedures help to keep the environment safe and risk free. ...read more.

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This is a very good essay. It has a clear and concise style that makes it easy to read. There are a few areas that need amending but, on the whole, the work is fine.

The writer could extend by discussing MRSA in further detail.

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Marked by teacher Sam Morran 08/10/2013

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