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Describe the welfare provided for the people of Britain at the beginning of world war two.

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Introduction

History coursework question one Describe the welfare provided for the people of Britain at the beginning of world war two. 1. The welfare at the beginning of world war two covers many areas such as health insurance, unemployment insurance, pensions and childcare. The first subject I'm going to discuss is health insurance. Health care or health insurance started early on in the century. In 1907 a school medical service was provided which tested children's health and recommended treatment when needed. In 1912 this was improved and children could now be treated for free in their school clinics. During the 1900's there was a growing fear that people of Britain were becoming degenerate. So in 1907 the notification of births act was brought out and it said whenever a baby was born the local medical officer was to be informed to provide a health visitor and provide a health check and advise treatment when needed. ...read more.

Middle

In 1910 a German scientist developed a drug called salvarsan. It was the first drug that selectively killed germs. Also in 1928 Alexander Fleming developed a drug called penicillin that killed most bacterium. All the drugs and law acts passed helped keep Britain healthier and helped increase the life expectancy of everybody in Britain and also helped to create the welfare state. In 1911 the national insurance act was passed. In return of paying insurance the worker got payed on sick pay 10 shillings a week for 26 weeks aswell as free medical treatment. The second part of this act came into power in the next year 1912. This allowed a worker to be unemployed for 15 weeks a year and get payed 7 shillings a week. ...read more.

Conclusion

The pensions were introduced to stop people dying when if they couldn't afford to eat or look after themselves because of their age. In 1906 local authorities were encouraged by the government to give children free school meals. In 1907 there were free medical inspections and later on treatment in school clinics aswell. The children's act in 1908 forbade parents to neglect their children and you couldn't send a child under 14 into prison anymore. They were sent to a child prison school called borstal named after the village in which the first one opened. All these acts were to protect children and to make sure they successfully survive childhood and grow into healthy young adults onto which Britain can build a future. All these areas I covered were all part of the early welfare state and were all put in place to allow Britain to grow in to the powerful nation we know today. ...read more.

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