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Describe two theories of ageing. Disengagement theory and Activity theory

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Introduction

P4: describe two theories of ageing. Disengagement theory - The disengagement theory, planned by Cumming and Henry in 1961, suggests that older people make a positive effort to withdraw from life as a response to their decrease physical, intellectual, emotional and social skills and abilities, diminishing interests and expectations of how they should behave. It suggests that they willingly retire from work; willingly withdraw from relationships and disengage from roles, preferring to follow inactive, solitary activities; and willingly ...read more.

Middle

He argued that it was appropriate and healthy for older people to withdraw from others - disengagement was a natural part of ageing. Activity theory - The activity theory, proposed in 1972 by Lemon, Bengtson & Peterson, has a more optimistic view of ageing than the disengagement theory. It suggests that older people age more successfully when they maintain their roles and relationships, keep busy with a full round of daily activities and preserve a positive attitude to life. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, as people become older, events such as retirement and bereavement diminish their social networks and limit their social contacts. But Writing in 1966 Bromley argued that older people needed to disengage but that they needed to remain 'active' in order to prevent disengagement from going too far. Bromley argued: 'It is not sufficient merely to provide facilities for elderly people. They need to be educated to make use of them and encouraged to abandon apathetic attitudes and fixed habits.' ?? ?? ?? ?? Sana Parkar ...read more.

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