• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe two theories of ageing. Disengagement theory and Activity theory

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

P4: describe two theories of ageing. Disengagement theory - The disengagement theory, planned by Cumming and Henry in 1961, suggests that older people make a positive effort to withdraw from life as a response to their decrease physical, intellectual, emotional and social skills and abilities, diminishing interests and expectations of how they should behave. It suggests that they willingly retire from work; willingly withdraw from relationships and disengage from roles, preferring to follow inactive, solitary activities; and willingly ...read more.

Middle

He argued that it was appropriate and healthy for older people to withdraw from others - disengagement was a natural part of ageing. Activity theory - The activity theory, proposed in 1972 by Lemon, Bengtson & Peterson, has a more optimistic view of ageing than the disengagement theory. It suggests that older people age more successfully when they maintain their roles and relationships, keep busy with a full round of daily activities and preserve a positive attitude to life. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, as people become older, events such as retirement and bereavement diminish their social networks and limit their social contacts. But Writing in 1966 Bromley argued that older people needed to disengage but that they needed to remain 'active' in order to prevent disengagement from going too far. Bromley argued: 'It is not sufficient merely to provide facilities for elderly people. They need to be educated to make use of them and encouraged to abandon apathetic attitudes and fixed habits.' ?? ?? ?? ?? Sana Parkar ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Life stages . Aging - In this assignment I am going to assess ...

    3 star(s)

    information on revealing how to stay active and will show activities and exercises that older people can do in order to keep healthy. There are several places that older people can go to, to support this healthy lifestyle. I believe that these services help people to be involved in activities

  2. Acitivy and Disengagement Theories

    Suggesting that they also distance from society. This theory proposes "older people progressively withdrawn from social interaction as a preparation for death" But in America there is evidence that society forces withdrawal on older people, whether or not they want it.

  1. Activity and Disengagement theory

    So if the care setting doesn't provide with activities and make sure that each client is well aware of those services they can take part in, then it will make them feel lonely and they may be at a high risk of developing Alzheimer.

  2. Theories of ageing p4 m2

    to accept these changes and isolate themselves from interacting with other people. Overall, this theory highlights a predictable process in which many of the relationships between an individual and other members of society are severed and those remaining are altered in quality.

  1. Free essay

    Theories of ageing p5

    One thing that does remain constant with age is the volume and composition of blood. This means that most lab values remain normal. Abnormal lab values for blood tests usually indicate alterations in other organ systems. For instance, fasting blood glucose level increases with aging but not as a result of changes in the blood.

  2. The two theories of ageing are the disengagement theory and the activity theory. Cumming ...

    This shows that it is also a good thing that the elderly has time to enjoy life before they die. Mrs. Denver has replaced her loss in society to gaining a new activity and friends. The Activity theory explains Mrs.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work