• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Development from conception age to 16. Theories of development and my observation of a child

Extracts from this document...


Unit 2 Assignment - Development from conception age to 16. E1/E2 Cognitive development is the area of development connected with knowledge. Understanding and reasoning language development is very closely linked with cognitive development and delay in one area usually affects progress in another. "Cognitive development is about the process of thinking, organising information and learning abstract concepts." Stages of Cognitive development from ages 0-3 years. Age Stage of development Newborn Able to explore, using senses e.g. putting rattle in mouth. Are beginning to develop basic concepts such as hunger, or if they are cold and wet. They are often able to imitate for example, copying adults, who open their mouth wide or stick out their tongue. 1 month Will begin to recognise main carer and respond with movement. They can repeat pleasurable movements such as thumb sucking and wriggling. They can now turn regards to a nearby speakers face. 3 months Are more interested in their surroundings. Begin to understand cause & effect; if you move a rattle, it will make a sound. They are able to laugh & vocalise with increasing tone and intensity. 6 months Expect things to behave in certain ways for example, jack-in-the-box will pop up, but is unlikely to play a tune. They are able to talk to themselves in a tuneful, singsong voiced. 9 months Recognise pictures of familiar things e.g. looking at pictures of their own families. They can watch a toy being hidden and then look for it. They enjoy communicating with sounds e.g. babbling to an adult. 12-15 months Explore objects trial & error methods. They can begin to point and follow when others point. They can begin to treat objects in appropriate ways - cuddle a doll, talk into a telephone. They can seek out hidden objects in the most likely places. 18 months- 2 years Refers to themselves by name e.g. "My name is Tom" they can begin to understand the consequences of their own actions, for example, a wet patch. ...read more.


activities and observation on any child, you should also be making sure that you are using the correct technique e.g. if you are observing to see how a child is when their parent drops them off in the morning, you should have or obtain parental permission from their parents and inform your supervisor. Observations cannot be completed without parents' permission. Observations not only need to be evaluated, but feedback from the observation links to the planning process. Children's interests change so practitioners are able to assess the effectiveness of their planning. E6/C1 In the setting, it is crucial that confidentiality when observing children. Parents are obviously happy for practitioners to carry out observations on their children. Practitioners should also think about where to store them when complete. "Observations and assessment should be stored properly, usually mean in a secure place. It is therefore important, that as a learner, you do not discuss observations with anyone other than those people who are directly responsible for the care of the child. As the bounds of confidentiality can sometimes be difficult to establish, it is therefore always advisable to ask a supervisor first before disclosing any information about a child or young people" (P.Tassoni et al p98 2007). Maintain confidentiality also protects the families, and prevent gossip. You may also be giving documents that are personal and you may hear comments that are not to be repeated outside the workplace, meeting, or conversations. Maintaining confidentiality with observations could also include you to: not mentioning the child's name, for example instead of using the child's name I have used "child A" throughout my observation and you also have to remember not to mention families address or contact details. As a practitioner you have to keep observations in a safe place, for example, you can put in in a filing cabinet with a limited access to the key and not to discuss any information to anyone unless the child is at a risk and you have discussed this with ...read more.


a more difficult time recovering socially than those deprived of maternal contact after six months of age, thus lending support to the existence of a critical period for social development in monkeys. Yet many "natural experiments" looking at orphan children who have been deprived of adequate affection and sensitivity from a primary caregiver have found that, if removed from such a socioemotionally impoverished environment and placed in a loving adoptive home, most children are able to recover socially, emotionally, and cognitively. Thus, while early experiences can and do have an impact on later development, children often demonstrate resilience in response to adverse early experiences. One of the fundamental aspects of human language according to Chomsky, is its creative nature. The last sentence (and, in fact, this one) have probably never been produced before in the history of the world. The same is true for much of what we say every day. So, we do not seem to learn or to speak language by purely imitating other people "This approach is based on the assumption that language acquisition is innately determined and that we are born with a certain system of language that we can call on later. Numerous linguists and methodologists support this innateness hypothesis. Chomsky, who is the leading proponent, claims that each human being possesses a set of innate properties of language which is responsible for the child's mastery of a native language in such a short time (cf. Brown 2002: 24). According to Chomsky, this mechanism, which he calls the 'language acquisition device' (LAD), 'governs all human languages, and determines what possible form human language may take' (Dulay, Burt, Krashen 1982: 6ff) E8 Tassoni P et al (2007) CACHE Level3 Childcare and Education http://archive.ecml.at/documents/relresearch/projectseminarDN.pdf Brown, Henry D. (2002). Principles of Language Learning and Teaching. 4th ed. New York: Longman Dulay, Heidi, Marina Burt and Stephen Krashen (1982). Language Two. New York: OUP ?? ?? ?? ?? Funmilayo Olamide OLAHAN Pin Number : 11/714572 Kingston College Site Number : 348 Page 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

Star rating of 3
This assignment has been written for unit 2 of the level 3 CACHE Child Care and Education course. The evidence provided is for all of the assignment as all criteria have been attempted, however not all criteria have been met. The feedback provided shows how the criteria could be met or extended to show further knowledge and understanding, as well as to link theory to practice. There is evidence of extensive plagiarism in the assignment from both core textbooks and the Internet. In places there is referencing of specific quotes, but in plagiarised areas there is no referencing. A bibliography has been started but it is not in full.

Marked by teacher Jenny Spice 08/10/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Explain key influences on the personal learning processes of individuals. Assess the impact of ...

    4 star(s)

    the second year, it helped me a lot, when I had finished a piece of work I would cross off that criteria of that assignment, I then knew exactly what I needed to complete. P5 Reflect on own personal and professional development.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Explain the strategies and methods that can be used to support children, young people ...

    4 star(s)

    what's going to happen to reduce the stress and worrying that may occur, as some children may be taken away from family but still want to with them, this is also part of the rights of the child because is a child is deemed and competent the they have a

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Care Practice and Provision

    4 star(s)

    community setting, or in people's homes to avoid hospitalisation wherever possible * Access to services to ensure that people have fair and prompt access to care, to the point where waiting should no longer be an issue for the majority of service users * Patient/user experience which promotes maximum information

  2. Equality, diversity and rights

    There are 6 basic rules in a service, and these are the following 6: * Rights: Rights and responsibilities are linked together this means that everyone has access to human rights and also have the rights towards other people basic human rights.

  1. Describe 4 examples of discriminatory practice

    reputation for not allowing a male nurse to practice on female patients without being accompanied by a female chaperone. It could also help them to realise that they need more male nurses in hospital as not every women would mind being treated by one as men only make up 10%

  2. Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth to 19 ...

    2-3 Years Physical Development: Kneels to play, throw and kick a ball, builds larger brick towers, pour liquids and uses pencils to make marks and circular scribbles. Social and Emotional Development: Developing sense of own identity and wanting to do things for their selves, demanding of adults attention and being

  1. P1/M1/D1- Factors that impact upon my learning and development.

    Somebody who is learning, may be unable to put their studies first because of other issues, for example such as having dependants

  2. Unit 6 : P5 Reflect on own personal and professional development

    knowledge and interaction with staff when they planned their own activities for the children. I could of handled the situation differently and handled the criticism in a more positive way. The next time when am in a situation like that I will ask advice from the staff and pay more

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work