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Development through life stages - describe physical, intellectual, emotional and social development through the life stages

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Unit 4: Development through life stages P1. Conception and Birth Each month a fertile woman produces an egg from one of her two ovaries, which lie on each side of the uterus (womb). The egg is released, and travels down to the fallopian tube. The egg then travels down the fallopian tube into the uterus. Male semen contains several million sperm, but only one will be needed for conception, and that single sperm cell contains the father's genetic contribution to the baby. Each sperm contains 23 chromosomes and each egg contains 23 chromosomes. The sperm can swim, and need to be able to do so as they have to move through the cervix, into the uterus and along the fallopian tubes. During sexual intercourse millions of sperm are ejaculated by a man. The sperm swims through the uterus and fertilises the egg in the fallopian tube. The sperm and egg combine to form a ball of cells. At one to one and half days the egg starts to divide, the collection of the cells is called an embryo. At 3 weeks after fertilisation, the embryo grows to be 0.5cm long and starts to develop brain, eyes, ears and limbs. The embryo continues to develop and grow until at week 8 all major organs have formed and has a recognisable heartbeat and there is a human looking face with recognisable features. The embryo is now around 3 - 4 cm long and is now called a foetus. Growth and development of the foetus continues and at 20 weeks the foetus is half the length of a baby at birth and about half of its birth weight. ...read more.


They older the children get their fine motor and large motor skills become much better, they become more active with lots of energy. Intellectual Development From early childhood their intellectual development develops rapidly, their ability to speak and express themselves develops quickly. Their language improves and they start to combine two words together for example "mummy gone". During play young children practice using the words and language that they have learnt they uses short phrases and begin to use sentences and are able to start asking questions. In school they start to understand the times and days of the week, they learn to count and they like jokes and silly rhymes. Their attention span becomes longer and they can follow stories. They start to learn letters and words. They become eager and are easily motivated to try new things, they enjoy thinking and problem solving and they have interests which change often. Social and Emotional Development From a young age children think of themselves more than others until around the age of 7 and 8. They learn how to play well in groups but may need some time to play alone. Many young children have a friend and an enemy and they often prefer to play with people of the same sex. Children often tell on each other to get an adults attention and to help them understand the rules. Young children do not like criticism or failure; they have a strong need to feel accepted and worthwhile a need to have self-worth and a high self esteem. Young children begin to care about the feelings and needs of others. They show their ability to be independent by being disobedient and being rebellious. ...read more.


They may also become grandparents which can make them happy and feel as if they are needed. Some older people can become very lonely, their children grow up and they may move away. Their partner may die and their friends may also die. This can make them feel like giving up and make them feel depressed. Cause of delayed development Foetal alcohol syndrome is a cause of developmental delay. It is caused when the mother drinks through the pregnancy. It is the term used to describe a number of foetal abnormalities which occur in the babies of women who abused alcohol during the course of pregnancy. Drinking through pregnancy can hurt the babies' growth and cause life long physical and behavioural problems. The severity of the abnormality depends on how much the mother has drunk through pregnancy. Babies born with Foetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) don't sleep well, are sensitive to touch, light and noise. Some babies may have heart problems; FAS can stunt babies' growth. FAS is a group of problems that include developmental delays like: * Birth defects and low birth weight * Growth problems - children with FAS have height, weight, or both that are lower than normal * Abnormal facial features - flat face with snub nose, thin upper lip, Small, widely spaced eyes * Vision or hearing problems * Trouble remembering and/specific or general learning difficulties * Problems with the central nervous system -. When something goes wrong with a part of the nervous system, a person can have trouble moving, speaking, or learning. He or she can also have problems with memory, senses, or social skills * Behavior problems and problems with social skills might lack a fear of strangers, be easily taken advantage of, prefer younger friends, be immature, and have trouble understanding how others feel. ...read more.

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