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Development through the life stages and the effects that nature and nurture can influence development.

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Development through the life stages and the effects that nature and nurture can influence development. Potential effects that different life factors can have on the development of an individual. Genetic There are many Genetic traits that can impact the development of an individual. Most of these traits are acquired through chromosomal abnormalities when conceived. A few examples of these difficulties are Sickle Cell Anaemia, Diabetes, Cystic Fibrosis, Down syndrome and Phenylketonuria. Down syndrome Is a condition where an extra copy of chromosome 21 is present at conception and in all cases there are various physical development issues present and is often slower than average. These issues commonly include "Decreased muscle tone at birth, Excess skin at the nape of the neck, Flattened nose, Separated joints between the bones of the skull, Single crease ...read more.


This disease is commonly harmless although if a pregnant woman becomes infected with the disease the foetus can suffer from birth defects leading to physical development issues or the mother could miscarry. Environmental Environmental changes unlike the Biological and Genetic perspectives is based on the exposure to exterior effects that are incurred from sources such as; Air Quality and Pollution, Water Quality, Sanitation Levels and the availability of other services such as Leisure Activities. Air quality, particularly the presence of tobacco smoke, can have an adverse effect on Pregnancy and the unborn child. Even second-hand Smoke that is present in the mother's bloodstream can alter the heart rate, blood pressure, oxygen supply, and acid balance of the unborn child. ...read more.


Lifestyle The lifestyle perspective is closely related to the Socio-economic perspective and the environmental perspective as it identifies that development is down to the choices that the individual makes in regard to education, the use of leisure activities and exercise and the intake of toxins such as smoking and taking drugs. Drugs can have a large impact on a person's emotional development due to the strong relationship the individual can build over a long term. This psychological dependence can pre-occupy an individuals mind and can lead to other issues such as malnutrition from failing to eat to neglect of dependants. Over time the individual is unable to feel happy without the drug as the brain is used to different dopamine levels which are in some cases naturally unobtainable. This can leave the person more susceptible to emotional traumas and depression. ...read more.

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