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Discuss at least one biological treatment for schizophrenia?

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Clare Ford Discuss at least one biological treatment for schizophrenia? The biological approach to schizophrenia assumes that the biochemical factors may be important in the development and maintenance of schizophrenia. As well as genetic factors and brain structure. Biological therapies are in line with these viewed causes. Therefore this approach believes that a disordered mind may be corrected by treatment aimed at the body. The biological treatment to schizophrenia uses biological means to alter a person's psychological state. Relating to the underlying biological assumptions that schizophrenia has a pathological cause, there are symptoms present, a diagnosis can be made with these in mind and a therapy can be started on the basis of the diagnosis. ...read more.


Anti-psychotic drugs are thought to work by either preventing the release of dopamine in pre-synaptic neurons or by binding with receptor sites on post-synaptic neurons. As how the drugs work cannot be fully explained there are doubts as to whether it is right for them to be used to treat patients. However anti-psychotic drugs greatly reduced the institutionalisation, enabling many schizophrenics to be cared for in the community. Though, around 25% of schizophrenics do not improve on traditional neuroleptics. Another frequently used drug is clozapine, which is a neuroleptic drug that seems to have fewer side-effects than some others. Though, as Kendall and Hammen have highlighted it has two major limitations. ...read more.


Still they are an illustration of the reductionist approach to treatment; by their use the real cause may be ignored. There are also serious side effects in a number of patients ranging from symptoms similar to those of Parkinson's disease and tardive dyskinesia in 15-20% of patients. To grogginess, sedation, difficulty concentrating, dry mouth and blurred vision. The use of drug therapy to treat schizophrenics carries the immense advantage that patients no longer need to be restrained in straight jackets. Nevertheless, they also have several unfortunate side effects and merely reduce symptoms rather than providing a cure for schizophrenia. The ethical issue of compulsory medication is raised. The drugs provide obvious advantages for the carers and families of schizophrenics. But whether, that means patients should be given medication without there consent is an ethical dilemma. ...read more.

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