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Discuss Preventive Measures in Health Care

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Introduction

Transfer-Encoding: chunked ´╗┐Preventive Measure in Health Care Prevention measures in health care is a concept that states to upstream interferences, which pursue to help people maintain or improve health before it is compromised. This stands in be different to the traditional role of the health care system that is to re-establish health once it has already come under menace. Preventive healthcare involves measures that are used to prevent diseases rather than treating the disease. There are preventive services, which aim to avoid illnesses and improve people?s health. This is done by patient counselling and screenings to avert illness, routine check-ups, disease and other health-related problems. The actions of the preventive measure in health care is aimed at eliminating, eradicating or diminishing the influence of disease and disability, or if none of these are possible, delaying the progress of the disease and disability. The notion of prevention is well-defined in the context of levels; primary, secondary and tertiary prevention. http://www.wrf.org/preventive-healthcare/preventive-healthcare.php (accessed 21/12/2015) http://www.priorityhealth.com/sitecore/content/home/errors/forbidden.aspx?item=%2fmember%2fhealth-wellness%2fpreventive-care%2fguidelines&user=extranet%5cAnonymous&site=website (accessed 21/12/2015) http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5417a1.htm (accessed 21/12/2015) http://www.iderm.de/en/kostentraeger/ (accessed 21/12/2015) http://www.slideshare.net/drswaroopsoumya/public-health-model (accessed 21/12/2015) Primary Prevention Primary prevention aims to prevent ill-health from happening. Action is taken to reduce the occurrence of the disease and health difficulties within the inhabitants; through world-wide measures that lessen lifestyle risks and their reasons or by targeting high-risk groups. Primary prevention attempt to eliminate the possibility of getting a disease. An example would be making people aware of risks that are linked to smoking, poor diet and no exercise. Children and young people are educated in school about the risks through posters, leaflets and presentations. Children and young people need to be educated about the risk of smoking, drugs and excessive drinking because it can have an impact in their development. ...read more.

Middle

* Screening programmes; antenatal, adult, baby and child screening. * Preventative legislation. * Mammography. * Weight loss programmes. * Therapy. * Medical examination Tertiary Prevention The aim is to help people in long-lasting stage or serious health problem. * Advice is given to people on the chronic condition * Therapy. * Medical examination * Advice are given to patients on rehabilitation and treatment options. https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/400105/code_of_practice_14_Jan_15.pdf (accessed on 14/01/2016) http://www.kingsfund.org.uk/projects/gp-commissioning/ten-priorities-for-commissioners/primary-prevention (accessed on 14/01/2016) Nurses? Prevention Measures A nurse can perform a breast screening as a secondary prevention for a patient because it is the stage to discover or find out if the service user has characteristics or substances that can lead to diseases. In this case, it is to find out if the service user has or is able to have breast cancer. The NHS breast screening programme makes it available for female service user to have a free screening examination every three years. The programme is only free for women that are fifty or above years old. These women are routinely invited to have a breast screening every three years. The NHS is in the process of lengthening the programme as an experimental, offering screening to some women aged 47-73. The NHS takes into consideration that the average age of menopause is fifty years old and therefore, it is viewed that mammograms, which is x-rays for each breast, are not effective for women that are in the pre-menopause stage. This can be because the density of the breast tissue can make it more difficult to detect problems. The mammogram can sense small changes in breast tissue, which may specify cancers that are too minor to be felt either by the women herself or the nurse. ...read more.

Conclusion

Nurses and doctors in hospitals and GP give service users pamphlets and leaflets of Change4Life. By doing this the nurse and doctor are working to government aim of decreasing the number of children and adults that are obese and making people more active and healthier. The government health campaign identifies root to obesity is the food and the amount of exercises or activities a person does. Therefore, a nurse or doctor would inform patients and their relatives on the importance of eating well and exercising regularly can have on a person?s health. http://www.nursingtimes.net/change4life-is-one-thing-but-society-must-change-if-we-are-to-tackle-obesity/1931610.fullarticle (accessed on 14/01/2015) The government has modernised the HIV and AID policy in healthcare organisation to benefit the patients with the sexual diseases. The old policy and standards was drafted in the 1980?s, where the STD and STI were viewed unacceptable in society and that it was seen as a consequence of homosexual behaviour. In modern society, people are more likely to have STD or STI if that has person has multiple sex partners due to the change of values in society. The number of couples getting marriage has decreased in 2014 by 35% when compared to 1980 when it was 67%. This an example of the change of society. The new policy would grantee that patients would have more rights in deciding what treatment they would want and how they would deal with the news of having HIV or sexual diseases. In the past, it would be a doctor having the final say after discussing it with other care practitioner, such as nurses. This meant that patients with STD or STI would have very little say on what they thought was more important. https://www.gov.uk/government/news/modernisation-of-hiv-rules-to-better-protect-public (accessed on 14/01/2015) http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20130107105354/http:/www.dh.gov.uk/prod_consum_dh/groups/dh_digitalassets/@dh/@en/documents/digitalasset/dh_4116416.pdf (accessed on 14/01/2015) ...read more.

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