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Discuss The Moral And Ethical Issues Associated With Using Biotechnology To Manipulate Reproduction.

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Discuss The Moral And Ethical Issues Associated With Using Biotechnology To Manipulate Reproduction Many people are united in their concerns regarding biotechnology, not just in the area of reproduction but on a much more general scale, such as genetically modifying food. I am going to research the moral and ethical concerns surrounding the use of biotechnology to manipulate reproduction, I will look at the arguments for and against this use of technology in various circumstances looking at its use on humans, and in farming. I will also research the various ways in which biotechnology has been used, including cloning, infertility treatments, and synchronisation of breeding behaviour. From this essay I am hoping to discover whether the concerns many people have regarding this subject, are indeed justified and that the creation of life is an area that should be left to nature, or whether the use of biotechnology in creating life will indeed aid man kind greatly in time to come. Biotechnology is often used by farmers to enable them to control various aspects of their animals, including synchronising their breeding behaviour. It is usefull for a farmer to know when his lambs will be born, and also to have them born within a short period of time. The farmer could just let nature take its course and allow the sheep to come into their oestrous cycle and therefore get impregnated naturally, but many use various hormones to help synchronise the impregnation and therefore birth of the sheep. ...read more.


and then the partner's sperm is introduced directly into the uterus. Although many people agree with such infertility treatments, there are several ethical reasons that condem them, especially IVF. The main issue surrounding the use of IVF to treat infertility is what happens to the healthy embryo's after the infertile couples family is complete, 'The embryos may simply be destroyed, but this is not the most usual fate for them. If the parents are willing - and they often are - the embryos may be used for further research into the treatment of human fertility. They may be allowed to continue developing until they are 14 days old' (3) This goes against many peoples belifs, especially those of a religious nature, as they belive that even a cluster of cells, which is first present just after concevment is a life, and should be treated as one, let alone a 14 days old when the embryo is beginning to take shape. Another ethical issue is the question of whom the frozen embryos belong to in the event of the parents separating, if the parents don't agree on what should be done with the embryos then who should ultimately take responsibility for them. These concerns surroud what is best for the potential child, some people belive that it would be nicer not to have interfeared and allowed nature to decide, some even belive that being infertile is Goda wish and using such treatments would be going against him and what he had planned. ...read more.


These fears are justified, as there have been many horrible results to animal cloning, none of which we would wish upon anyone. Although there have been many successes in the cloning industry, they are nothing in comprison to the failures, and deformities. Many animals did not develop correctly resulting in huge abnormalities, some died in early stages of development, yet even worse some were born. Many that did survive the birth had to be put down as they were so severly deformed it was cruel to keep them alive. If this happened during human cloning the answer would not be as simple as you could not kill the child to end its suffering as you would an animal. Even in success cases, such as Dolly the sheep, where they seemed healthy at birth, some problems arise they get unexpected illnesses and generally die young. Dolly got artheritas at a very young age, and died at just six years old. It is possible that early deaths of clones may have happened any way, but more likely that it they were as a result of unsolved problems during the cloning process. There is alos fear regarding what will happening if human cloning does become acceptable and widely used, many people have already frozen tissue samples of dead children, or relatives with the plans to have the deceased cloned in the future. Many people including my self, belive that this is immoral, especially as although the person would appear the same ultimately they would be a different person inside. ...read more.

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