• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Diseases of the 3rd world countries: will they ever be eradicated?

Extracts from this document...


Nowadays, infectious diseases are responsible for more than 13 million deaths a year; over the next hour alone, 1 500 people will die from an infectious disease, and over half of them will be children under five. In developing countries, one over two deaths is caused by an infectious disease. In this essay I will talk about the main diseases responsible for deaths in third world countries, what helps to eradicate them and what are the obstacles to this eradication. Most deaths from infectious diseases occur in developing countries, where about one third of the population live with less than $1 a day, where one third of the children are malnourished and one fifth are not fully immunized by their first birthday. More than that, the cities in some developing countries are growing very fast, causing problems with unsafe water, poor sanitation and poverty. This creates a perfect environment for the outbreaks of diseases. And in those areas, children are less likely to be immunized against killer diseases and parents are less likely to be able to pay for health care when they get sick. We know a lot of diseases responsible for deaths, but actually almost 90% of these deaths are caused by only a handful of six diseases (*): pneumonia, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, measles and diarrhoea. ...read more.


Childhood vaccinations are also very important because they could prevent 1.6 million deaths per year among children under the age of five. As we have already seen before, one in five children are still not fully immunized by their first birthday. The main vaccines that have to be done are the ones against diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, polio, measles and tuberculosis. The DOTS -as said before, it means Directly Observed Treatment, Short-course- is specific to tuberculosis and millions of tuberculosis deaths could be averted through the use of this treatment, and of course that would be great, since 3 million people die each year of tuberculosis. DOTS is a method for the detection and cure of tuberculosis that includes low-cost tests, followed by 6-8 months of support to the patient, with observation to make sure that patients do follow the treatment correctly and take sputum tests to determine whether it has been successful. This is a very effective method because it can cure the disease in up to 95% of infectious patients, even in the poorest countries. The impregnated bednets are another method of prevention for malaria because thanks to them we could avoid mosquito bites and so one fourth of the deaths caused by malaria in children. ...read more.


All these factors are favourable for the outbreak of diseases in a certain area. As long as these countries are not able to have a better economic situation, more and more cases of infections will appear. Mr. B�di� said: "We are also confronted, more so than elsewhere, with the ravages of the AIDS pandemic which is literally decimating our young, most productive, generations", meaning that the developing countries are losing the population the most able to help them in their economic development. "The cost of universal health care is 25 billion dollars a year, that is 3% of the 800 billion dollars currently devoted to military expenditures". When I read this sentence the first time, I thought that if developed countries would spend more money in health care, and especially to help third world countries, the diseases could be eradicated. And I wasn't completely wrong because it would greatly help if all the medicines and medical equipment would be present in those countries. But I was also wrong because money alone would not be enough to eradicate the diseases in the developing countries. To do so, it is also necessary to help these countries in having a better economic development and more education, keeping in mind their own culture. *~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~* (*) when nothing else is added, all the numbers and quotes come from WHO's report on infectious diseases: http://www.who.int/infectious-disease-report/index-rpt99. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. Communicable and Non-Communicable Disease: Tuberculosis and Cystic Fibrosis

    However, the conditions under which this new legislation operates may still be challenging to achieve for some service users. For instance, due to dependency or travel issues, some individuals may find it difficult to spend a significant period of time (i.e.

  2. Identify the appropriate methods of prevention and control for a series of infectious and ...

    A blood transfusion, given through a needle in a vein, gives you healthy red blood cells with normal haemoglobin. Iron Chelation Therapy-because the haemoglobin in red blood cells is an iron-rich protein, regular blood transfusions can lead to a build-up of iron in the blood.

  1. Health and Disease

    Often facilities may be many miles away and there are often difficulties in recruiting home care staff for rural locations. Physical and geographical barriers were deliberately created in the past. People with disabilities and people with mental or physical health problem were segregated from mainstream society.

  2. Immunisation for specific diseases

    first being DTaP vaccine which is a 3-in-1 vaccine that protects against diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis. Children less than 7 years old can be given this. It is normally given as an injection into the arm or the thigh. The DT vaccine is a 2-in-1 vaccine that protects against diphtheria

  1. A report on the strategies that have been created to prevent my communicable and ...

    that the strategy can be evaluated through a national survey, such as questionnaires which could be given out at sexual health clinics/GUM clinics and also could be given to people who use the services which this strategy is aiming to create, the good thing about using questionnaires are they are

  2. Cholera, Maleria, HIV & Aids, Tuberculosis - The Worldwide Importance of These Diseases

    Malaria is another infectious disease that is caused by mosquito bites. It is the female mosquito insect vector that causes the disease. The symptoms of the disease are fever, sweating, shivering, anaemia, nausea, headaches, muscle pain and an enlarged spleen.

  1. Strageties for prevention of disease

    Choices individuals make about how they live has effect on their health. National and local strategies educate and persuade individuals into making healthy choices. These choices include personal hygiene; influenza viruses are spread by coughing and sneezing. Washing and changing clothes will help to reduce the number.

  2. Purposes and Methods of Research

    This can show equality and would be meet the service user?s needs, it allows to makes changes in the health and social care provisions when employing them. Bibliography and references of purpose of research 1. http://www.google.co.uk/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CDIQFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.rdforum.nhs.uk%2Fworkgroups%2Frg%2Fmonitoring_0703.doc&ei=X7PNUOuzB_ST0QXwy4AY&usg=AFQjCNHb7pD2eEffl7ViT2VIdIiagLQTnQ&bvm=bv.1355325884,d.d2k 2. http://www.who.int/alliance-hpsr/alliancehpsr_reader.pdf 3. http://www.scie.org.uk/publications/knowledgereviews/kr07.pdf Identifying the difference between quantitative and qualitative methods Before starting

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work