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Drawing on examples from your placement and from other life experiences, describe the different concepts of ill health:Disability Iatrogenesis The sick role The clinical iceberg

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Introduction

Introduction In this assignment I am going to: * Describe different concepts of health * Compare patterns and trends of health inequalities to explain the patterns and trends of health and illness in three different social groups * Evaluate the four sociological explanations for health inequalities in terms of explaining the patterns and trends of health and illness in three different social groups. (P4). Drawing on examples from your placement and from other life experiences, describe the different concepts of ill health: * Disability * Iatrogenesis * The sick role * The clinical iceberg Disability An individual who is disabled is an individual with an impairment who experiences disability. Disability is the result of negative interactions that occur between an individual with an impairment and her or his social environment. Impairment is the term used to describe an injury, illness or a condition that causes or is likely to cause a loss of the 'normal' function of the body. Disability is defined as the loss or limitation of opportunities to take part in society with equal opportunities like others due to social and environmental barriers. For example when a wheelchair bound individual cannot go to a local supermarket because it is not wheelchair accessible. The individual has an impairment but the society is making the individual disabled because he or she has a limitation of what he or she can do (Anon, n/d). ...read more.

Middle

There are issues of access to the health services apart from the health implications of higher levels of poverty. Factors such as cultural barriers and language may limit full access of health services. For example Asian women refuse to see male doctors and since some of them only have a basic knowledge of English most of the information is not translated into minority languages. Individuals may also fear racism which will make the individual stressed and refuse to see a doctor. If the health and care professionals do not understand the religious beliefs, cultural beliefs and the practices of minority ethnic groups, the individual's care needs are unlikely to be met. Thus, leaving the individual vulnerable to higher levels of ill health (Stretch & Whitehouse, 2007). (M3). Explain the patterns and trends of health and illness in the three different social groups that you have chosen in the previous question. Do this by using the four sociological explainations for health inequalities. 1) The statistical artifact explanation The statistics produce a biased view themselves and the statistical evidence is false which is therefore invalid. For example the statistical artifact suggests that is it the age structure and patterns of employment of individuals in the lowest social classes that really explain the differences rather than the social class. Although statistics show a link between the health and the class this does not automatically mean that the class and ill health are connected. ...read more.

Conclusion

Behavioral Strength- In order to help individuals improve their health it is important to re-socialize the society. For example, using publications such as posters and brochure in order to educate people on how to lead a healthier life. Weakness- This explanation does not state that may other factors impact one's health. For example if an individual is stressed he or she will not consider the risks of smoking because smoking reduces his or her stress. Another weakness is that not every individual cares about the promotions that can help individuals lead a healthier life. Structural Strength- This explanation states that in order to find a solution the resources have to be redistributed. This will impact positively upon the underlying causes. For example the higher social class can give money to the lower class in order to make their lives better. Weakness- This explanation does not consider that any person's responsibility for his or her own health. For example if the resources are given to the lower social class the individuals will not be encouraged to be responsible enough to go to work and earn their own wage and buy the necessary treatment and medication that they might need. Conclusion In this assignment I have: * Described different concepts of health * Compared patterns and trends of health inequalities to explain the patterns and trends of health and illness in three different social groups * Evaluated the four sociological explanations for health inequalities in terms of explaining the patterns and trends of health and illness in three different social groups. ...read more.

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