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Drugs and Alcohol.

Extracts from this essay...

Introduction

Drugs and Alcohol In this essay I aim to find out why people, particularly teenagers, turn to drugs and / or alcohol. I am also going to research the different kinds of drugs available, and the effects of these drugs and alcohol. I will also find out how I can help somebody with a drug or alcohol problem. There are many reasons why people turn to drugs or alcohol, they include: * They enjoy the short-term effects * They want the same kind of experience they get from drinking alcohol * Their friends use them * They are curious about the effects * The drugs are easily available * As part of growing up, teenagers want to 'break the rules' Alcohol, however, is a lot easier to get hold of, and many young children and teenagers have drunk alcohol with their friends to get drunk. I surveyed several teenagers that have drank alcohol and asked them why they did it. Becky, 13 - My friends have vodka and stuff in their cupboards and we just mix them all up and get drunk for a laugh. I know it's stupid but we just do it. Jo, 15 - One night I just got really, really drunk because I was with my friends. I ended up giving some lip to a policeman and being put in a cell!

Middle

In Western countries cannabis is generally used as an aid to relaxation and a way of becoming mildly intoxicated or 'high'. Cannabis causes a number of noticeable but usually mild physical effects, including increased pulse rate and decreased blood pressure, bloodshot eyes, dry mouth, increased appetite and occasional dizziness. There are no records of fatal overdose. The effects generally start a few minutes after smoking, and may last up to one hour with low doses and for two or three hours with high doses. When eaten or drunk in a tea-type drink, cannabis takes an hour or more to have an effect and the effect can last 12 hours or longer. Taking cannabis in this way gives effects which are more intense and harder to control. High doses have been known to induce coma in young people. It is probable that frequent inhalation of cannabis smoke over a period of years can lead to bronchitis and other respiratory disorders, cancer of the lung and other parts of the upper digestive tract. It is not known whether regular cannabis smoking will cause more or less risk to health than regular tobacco smoking, although cannabis users tend to inhale more deeply, and cannabis does contain higher concentrations of potentially carcinogenic tar. There can be physical dependence on this drug.

Conclusion

* One thousand children aged under 15 are admitted to hospital each year with acute alcohol poisoning. Al of these need emergency treatment and may end up in intensive care. * 18-24 year olds are the heaviest drinkers in the population. * It takes the liver one hour to break down one unit of alcohol. If you suspect that someone has a drug or alcohol problem, don't jump to conclusions, check the symptoms. They may have sudden and regular changes of mood and may be unusually aggressive. They may have a loss of appetite and a gradual loss of interest in school, hobbies, sport, friends etc. They may be uncharacteristically drowsy or sleepy. There may be a loss of money or other objects from the house and there may be unusual stains, marks or smells on the body or clothes, or around the house. If you know somebody that has started drinking a lot of alcohol, and you are worried about them, then some advice would be: * Encourage them to stick to lower strength brands and not to drink too quickly. Explain the dangers of spiking someone else's drink. * Try not to over-react if this person drinks against your wishes or drinks too much. Just explain how you feel and encourage them to talk about why it happened. * Provide starchy foods like pasta, bread and rice that may help line their stomachs before drinking. * Make sure you are there to help them.

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Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

This essay looks at the use of drugs and alcohol and the effect on health. It shows some good research in areas but has some information that isn't really relevant.

It could be enhanced by trying to investigate in greater depth why people would want to start taking or using these substances.

****

Marked by teacher Sam Morran 07/06/2013

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