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Evaluate Biomedical and Socio Medical models of Health

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Introduction

´╗┐Evaluate the biomedical and socio medical models of health and come to your own conclusion and their usefulness in health and social care. The biomedical model of health is useful for bringing down the number of unhealthy or disease condition and premature death. This model is where they look at the parts of the body that might work together to make sure people have good health. There is a close resemblance between the biomedical model and the negative definition of health. The biomedical model of health focuses on the removal of illness through diagnosis and effective treatment which makes is useful for helping ill patients. They look at what is wrong and fix that part of the person. If a person isn't well they would be advised to visit the doctor to be examined. If they are ill the doctor will make a diagnosis and the individual is them offered a treatment to make them better. They view the body as a machine and when a part in it goes wrong it must be fixed in order for it to work again. This approach to health is used mostly in the western world. ...read more.

Middle

Its weakness lies in its failure to fully include psychosocial factors which have proven to be powerful co-factors of disease in modern society. The model frequently fails to have some attention for the sociological determinants of health (such is income, etc.) The biomedical model fails to consider social and/or cultural causation in the symptomology of behaviour. The socio medical model of health focuses on the social factors that contribute to health and well being in society. The model is useful as it looks at how society and the environment affect our everyday health and well-being, including factors such as social class, poverty, poor housing, diet, pollution and income. The social model of health places emphasis on changes that can be made in society and in people's own lifestyles to make the population healthier. This model is useful because it considers social factors; it particularly looks at the impact of poverty, poor housing, diet and pollution. E.g. poor housing and poverty are causes to respiratory problems, and in response to these causes and origins of ill health, the socio-medical model aimed to encourage society to include better housing and introduce programmers to tackle poverty as a solution such the provision of clean water, new building of council house and improve in sanitation. ...read more.

Conclusion

Their aim is to change environmental factors to allow for healthier choices and biomedical aim is to free patients from medically defined diseases infectious or otherwise including cancer or heart problems. The similarity of biomedical and socio medical is that biomedical uses medical knowledge to treat unhealthy patients (very scientific) whilst socio medical use holistic remedies like reflexology or Reiki a Japanese technique for stress reduction and relaxation that also promotes healing to treat the patients (contemporary therapy). Biomedical and Soico medical aim to help met the needs of individuals and helping them live a healthier life. Biomedical are very persuasive; if a doctor advises an individual on something you they are very likely to have the treatment without questioning as you take their word for it. Soico medical allows the individual to make choices in regards to their health. Advice is given on the treatment but not obliged to go through it. They have many financial implications as it is not scientifically proven to help so less people are willing to invest. In conclusion, I believe that both biomedical and socio medical is useful models working together to help meet the service users holistically such as socio model focus curing the psychological and social factors. The biomedical plays its role by treating and diagnosing treatment for ill patients. ...read more.

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A very good essay that evaluates the biomedical and social models of health. It is slightly stronger on the biomedical model but makes a good attempt at the social model too.

The work could be enhanced by trying to apply the models to some case studies.

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Marked by teacher Sam Morran 20/08/2013

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