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Evaluate the major theories of learning, using examples from work placement

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Introduction

´╗┐Task1- Evaluate the major theories of learning, using examples from work placement - D1 ________________ In this essay I am going evaluate the theories of learning that I have already described. I will compare them and consider strengths and weaknesses and I will use examples from my placement to support my arguments. As I have already described, there are four major theories relating to children?s learning. First I will evaluate the transmission model which is a theory that assumes all behaviours are learned from the environment. Children do learn by association (classical conditioning) and this was demonstrated by Pavlov he rang a bell when the dogs were fed. If the bell was sounded in close association with their meal, the dogs learnt to associate the sound of the bell with food. After a while, at the mere sound of the bell, they responded by salivating. This theory also works with children. The advantages of this theory is that children will learn through repeated behaviour patterns for example in my setting when it?s time to tidy up all the toys the class teacher shakes a maraca and children then know straight away that they have to tidy up and then sit on a blue chair. ...read more.

Middle

A theorist called Noam Chomsky believed that children have their brain structure and that they develop their language skills so the children are able to apply grammar rules correctly when they speak without adult?s intervention so it comes out naturally (http://social.jrank.org). One of the advantages of this theory is that children?s development will progress regardless of adult intervention. Although, because this theory is about learning naturally children would be easily labelled if they would not fit in with recognised milestones. But Piaget believed that children take in information and then the brain processes it and then the child behaviour changes. The process is known by : as assimilation, accommodation, adaptation and equilibrium. Piaget says: ?they cannot undertake certain tasks until they are psychologically mature enough to do so?. One of the advantages of this theory is that it identifies clearly the stages of development because he seen the children?s thinking changing at 18 months, 7 years and 11/12 years old and told that children are not skilled to understand things before any of these ages. This theory was given the name of constructivist which is about letting children produce knowledge and sense from their own understanding and this is another advantage because children learn through discovery (Squire, G., 2007). ...read more.

Conclusion

Some children have learned how to do it by themselves because they are encouraged to zip up their coats themselves. We need to make sure that we support each child whenever they move through the stages of development. Bruner believed that babies from 0-1 learn by doing and playing and so they use their physical movements which were known by enactive. From 1-7 years old, he believed that children learn by developing mental images which is called by iconic. The final one is called symbolic which children from 7 years old which use symbols. Another advantage is that the stimulating environment produces observable positive results. In my setting, the class teacher observes children from time to time in order to know what the child can and can?t do according to developmental stages, so she can support the child and to introduce her to a next step. Apart from all the advantages that this theory has, there are disadvantages, because this theory requires a lot of adult?s intervention as well as resources because children will be learning by doing and experiment there is a higher financial input required. Resources Squire, G, (2007) BTEC Children?s Care Learning and Development. Essex. Heinemann. http://www.literacytrust.org.uk/resources/practical_resources_info/1668_theories 29/03/2012 http://social.jrank.org/pages/396/Memory.html 29/03/2012 ________________ Filipa Soares Unit 7- JC Task 1- D1 Page ...read more.

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