Explain how children and young peoples development is influenced by a range of external factors
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2.2 Explain how children and young people's development is influenced by a range of external factors POVERTY AND DEPRIVATION Negative Factors * Poor Health - Not having a varied range of good quality food or nutrition available. Limited access if any to medical treatments/supplies. * Appearance/Personal Hygiene - Not having the appropriate or necessary items, to keep appearances or hygiene to an acceptable level. * Poor Education - Unable to attend school, truancy, unable to afford resources both in and out of school i.e. at home therefore not encouraging the child or young person to progress in their development away from school. * Crime - High levels of crime may surround the child. This could influence the child to be involved within crime. * Social Skills - Poor social skills due to environment, poor education. * Cramped Housing - May share a room with several other children, this can lead to cramped spaces for children, not enough room to play, no personal space, no room to develop. EDUCATION, AFTER SCHOOL CLUBS, PARENT INVOLVEMENT, BOARDING SCHOOLS Positive Factors * Good Teachers, Good Facilities/Resources - Child or young person is encouraged to learn and develop, the child or young person WANTS to be involved and WANTS to learn, the child or young person is receiving a high quality of education due to correct resources, facilities and training.
* Irregular Attendance at School - Can result in the child or young person falling behind with work, therefore missing valuable learning material and support. * Poor Attachment Skills - If a child or young person is in boarding school, they may find it increasingly difficult to develop attachment skills, emotionally and physically. * Lack of Parental Involvement - Children tend to mirror their parents or guardians behaviour. If they see negative behaviour, feelings or actions, they are likely to develop the same negative attitudes. LOOKED AFTER Positive Factors * Protecting - Removing the child or young person from harm, giving them a better more positive way of life. * Child or young person is clean, fed, warm, safeguarded. * Confidence - Self-esteem can be increase. A child's or young persons confidence can be developed if removed from a concerning situation. * Social Development - Can encourage a child or young person to build new relationships, develops social interaction skills. Negitive Factors * Re-homed with other children- Other children could influences the development of the child or young person in a negitive means. The child or young person could pick up bad habits and unacceptable behaviour. They could rebel against the other children. * Location, Environment - The child or young person may be moved to an environment they are not comfortable or familiar with.
PERSONAL CHOICES Positive Factors * Peers - Peers can have a huge affect on how a child develops through life. The child or young person can learn from their peers. This offers great confidence, and social development. By associating with peers, a child can be guided and influenced dramatically. This is not always a positive outcome, so close parental direction may also be required. Negative Factors * Drugs, Smoking, Alcohol - These can have huge and dramatic affect on a Childs development, both physically and mentally. They can lead to memory loss, affect speech, lead to poor concentration. They are a depressant so are likely to affect a child's self-esteem and confidence. By a child, choosing to take the above this could also have an influence on who they socialise with which in effect could influence the decisions they make. * Diets - Can lead to eating disorders. Children and young people can lose confidence in themselves, which could lead to them being taken advantage of and being vulnerable. This could affect a child or young person's social development. Diets can also have a negitive affect on health, the child or young person could become lethargic, easily distracted, because of lack of energy ?? ?? ?? ?? Level 3 Diploma Children & Young People's Workforce CYP 3.1 Understand Child and Young Person Development 1 Signed .............................................L.Gregory .............................................Tutor .....................................Date
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To achieve this section of the unit learners are expected to explain a range of external factors that affect the development of children and young people. This report includes all five sets of factors required by the examining board specification. There is good explanation in places, but in others it could be improved, as is indicated. The structure and English use could also be amended as in places the evidence is in note form rather than full sentences, plus spelling errors are present. Nevertheless, overall there is sufficient evidence within this report for the portfolio.
Marked by teacher Jenny Spice 30/07/2013
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