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Explain how to protect older service users from abuse.

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Introduction

Explain how to protect older service users from abuse Those who are vulnerable, like the elderly are more likely to be a victim of abuse, however abuse can happen to anybody, by anyone, at any time. This is why it is important to know the different types of abuse and the possible signs of it, as it can help provide them with safety and protection. Although if somebody is exhibiting these signs it does not automatically mean they are a victim of abuse as there may be a good explanation. For example those of a more elderly age has skin that bruises much easier so bruised skin may be from where they accidentally banged themselves. This shouldn't be assumed however and deciding if someone is being abused or not is usually a difficult and lengthy process that may not be found out for years, it is usually a combination of factors that gives more of a clue to the whole situation. Elder abuse can be defined as "'A single or repeated act or lack of appropriate action, occurring within any relationship where there is an expectation of trust, which causes harm or distress to an older person"(who.int/ageing/projects/elder_abuse/en, 08/03/12). There are many types of abuse and some of these are usually combine together, some ways in which older service users can be abused include, physically, verbally, emotionally, sexually and financially. Physical abuse is probably the most often thought of abuse when someone is asked about elder abuse. This may because physical injuries are sometimes easier to identify and most people don't like the idea that someone that is stronger or in a position of trust can assault someone of a venerable position. Physical abuse is causing someone pain or injury, for example by hitting, pushing, slapping, shaking, striking, beating, shoving, kicking and/or using an item as a weapon towards somebody. Also physically restraining somebody in an inappropriate manner is also counted as physical abuse. ...read more.

Middle

The victim begins to believe it and they may feel that they are a burden and their career is just stressed. "Their abuser has often isolated them through intimidation. They are reluctant to trust others because they fear angering their abuser" (David Sack, MD, the CEO of Promises Treatment Centers in California and the author of many journal articles on depression). As said under verbal abuse (which is closely linked to emotional abuse) the abuser may ridicule or humiliate the victim, calling them hurtful names. This can make a service user to become annoyed and they may show this through a change of behavior, such as becoming more angry and hostile towards others. So this can be a sign of emotional abuse. Emotional abuse is increasing towards the elderly and this may be due to people living to older ages which is causing the amount of dependent elderly to go up so the prevalence of emotional abuse towards the elderly is also rising. Emotional (or psychological) abuse towards the elderly causes them emotional pain and distress, it may make them feel inadequate and lead to them having less confidence and a low-self esteem. This can cause them to blame them self for things, for example they may say 'I'm a nuisance aren't I'. A career can also cause emotional abuse in other non-verbal ways, for example they may ignore them or deliberately isolate them from activities or seeing their friends or families, this is one sign of emotional abuse can be a victim suddenly withdrawing from seeing friends r family without warning. They may also terrorize or menace the elderly person. Although emotional abuse may be difficult to spot there may be some signs pointing towards it. Especially if a career is seen being verbally abusive towards an elderly person. The victim may also seem frightened of the specific abuser, they may try to over please them in fear of causing them to become angry. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also providing the service user with privacy and dignity can help minimize abuse as they are able to see the correct way in which they should be treated. There are certain actions to be taken when abuse is recognized or reported and systems and procedures that should be followed in order to safeguard older service users from abuse. It should be reconised by both service users and care workers that care workers cannot keep a promise that they wont pass on information about abuse. This reason for this is to protect the service user as well as others. However it should be known that this type of information will only be passed on to those who need to know it and it will remain confidential to just these people. Here is a flow chart that shows what usually happens if abuse is suspected in an elderly person. If a person tells a care worker they are being abused they shouldn't act shocked or say judgmental comments, they should also believe it and not think the service user is lying. It is important for the care worker to listen and let the service user take their time when they are disclosing information. The care worker should try avoiding interruptions and respect the feelings and thoughts of the service user. It is important for the care worker to not act like it is the service users fault. The care worker should also recognize the courage in which the service user has in speaking up about the abuse. The care worker should try remembering everything that is told to them and report it in the service user's words as accurately as possible, they should also keep it confidential and pass it on on a need to know basis. . "Physical safety is the primary concern. If someone is being abused, they should take steps to ensure that they are out of harm's way by finding a safe place to stay and receive support that they need from a trusted person" (nhs. ...read more.

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