• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain key characteristics and concepts of Humanistic Therapy, Psychodynamic therapy & Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Lisa Chinnery Unit 2 1.1 Explain key characteristics and concepts of Humanistic Therapy, Psychodynamic therapy & Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy Humanistic Therapy The foundations of the humanistic approach provide the client with a deeper understanding of who they are, what they feel and the opportunity to explore the possibility of creating personal choices. It encourages self-awareness and self-realisation. Humanistic therapy is used for anxiety, low self-esteem, bereavement, depression, stress management, loss or relationship issues. The key characteristics are; Congruence ? Genuineness, the counsellor shows honesty and openness toward the client, not putting on a front, they are equals. Empathy ? Accepting the client for who they are, not judging them them whatever they say or do will allow the client to open up. Unconditional Positive Regard ? Putting ourselves in the clients shoes, if the client feels, we are right there with them and know how they are feeling it will help them along the way, knowing that they are not alone with how they are feeling and where they are in their mind. Environment ? A safe environment is needed for the client to open up and carry on along their journey, they should be seen in a secure, private, comfortable space that allows them the freedom to open up without the worry of outside influences. Also, that their sessions are within the boundaries of the data protection act so whatever they say will go no further. ...read more.

Middle

The third level is Love & Belonging which are psychological needs. Only when a person is physically healthy are they able to accept these needs. The fourth level Esteem is achieved when we can accept what we have accomplished, giving us confidence and respect for ourselves, then we can accept respect from others. At the top of the pyramid is Need for Self-Actualisation, which occurs when an individual reaches a state of harmony and understanding. Maslow?s thinking was original ? most psychologists before him had been concerned with the abnormal and the ill, he wanted to know what constituted positive mental health. Joseph Luft and Harrington Ingram (Designed Johari Window in 1955) This tool was devised by psychologists Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham in the United States in 1955 when they were looking at how groups worked. It is a simple and useful tool for illustrating and improving self-awareness, and mutual understanding between individuals within a group. Luft and Ingham called their Johari Window model ?Johari? after combining their first names, Joe and Harry. The first quarter is the Open Area or 'area of free activity'. This is the information about the person - behaviour, attitude, feelings, emotion, knowledge, experience, skills, views, etc - known by the person ('the self') and known by the group ('others'). The second quarter is the ?Blind Area? this is what is known about a person by others in the group, but is unknown by the person him/herself. ...read more.

Conclusion

He believed that the three core conditions of Carl Rogers?s theory should be present to help clients through his three stage model. He suggested that in addition to providing the core conditions, counsellors may need to help clients make decisions, clarify and set goals, and to support them with implementing their action. His goal setting model is; Stage One ? The present scenario The aim of stage one is to help clients understand themselves and their problem, to set goals and to take action achieving the goals set. The counsellor helps clients to tell their story, to focus (being specific), and to develop insight and perspectives. A key skill that needs to be present during stage one is that of ?active listening?, this includes using paraphrasing, open questions and by reflecting the feelings of their client. ?The clients goal is self-exploration: the counsellors goal is responding? Stage Two ? Creating new scenarios and setting goals The aim of stage two is to help clients examine their problem. They should think how it could be handled differently and should be encourage to develop their powers of imagination. The counsellor helps the clients develop choice and commitment to change. During stage two the counsellor should extend the active listening and advance the understanding empathy. The ?deeper empathy? of stage two should deal with feelings and meanings that have not surfaced and are not normally obvious. ?The clients goal is self-understanding: the counsellors goal is to integrate understanding? Stage Three ? Helping clients act ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

This essay states that it will look at Humanistic, Psycho dynamic and Cognitive approaches to therapy but actually only covers the first area.

The work is good and well researched but isn't always applied in a therapeutic way. It describes the theory but does not explain how it is used in therapy.

This could be simply rectified by using some case studies as examples and describing how the therapy worked.

****

Marked by teacher Sam Morran 18/07/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Explain key influences on the personal learning processes of individuals. Assess the impact of ...

    4 star(s)

    the matron of the ward, the experience of it was great and I loved it, however it made me confirm I did not want to study midwifery to become a midwife. By the end of the course I hopefully will have an idea to what career I want to go into.

  2. The Stages of a Counselling Relationship. The initial contract between a person centred counsellor ...

    This can sometimes lead the counsellor into to agreeing to something that actively gets in the way of the therapeutic process, often without even been fully aware. For example my potential client is determined she doesn't not want to talk about her past relationships; this may cause myself as the counsellor to rush into reassuring my client.

  1. Personal & professional development in Health & Social care.n this assignment I am going ...

    and no distinctions but I will now work hard to achieve my goal. In order to achieve distinctions in the rest of the year I am going to create myself a time table which manages time in each thing I do, stay more focused to try and get my assignments

  2. complementary therapy

    Individuals living in urban areas have a great rage of centres that are available without them having to travel lightly distances to access them. When living in an urban area there are advantages such as public transport that runs regularly however the problem with this is that urban areas can

  1. Describe the characteristics of nutrients and their benefits to the body and Explain the ...

    There are three levels of folding that takes place: 1. Primary structure - This is the sequence of Amino Acids before they are folded.

  2. Outline current legislation, guidelines policies and procedure within own UK Home Nation affecting the ...

    Physical bullying can be anything that has physical contact between one individual to another and any form of violence or threats. E.g. pushing, kicking, hitting, biting, poking, choking, slapping or pinching. The potential effects on children and young adults that are bullied could be: ? Poor academic achievement.

  1. Health and Social Care Unit 3 Health and Well being

    This has knock on effects as it is affecting your body physically but also individuals will experience allot of emotional discomfort as they can?t have their own family and raise their own children. Smoking is also an expensive habit and carries a great financial aspect.

  2. Dementia Awareness - Explain what is ment by the term dementia

    disease Q 2.1 Outline the medical model of dementia Medical model- this creates dependency, restricts choice, disempowers, devalues, reinforces stereotypes and can be thought of as oppressive. The medical model focuses on the impairment as the problem and will focus on cure.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work