• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain key characteristics and concepts of Humanistic Therapy, Psychodynamic therapy & Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Lisa Chinnery Unit 2 1.1 Explain key characteristics and concepts of Humanistic Therapy, Psychodynamic therapy & Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy Humanistic Therapy The foundations of the humanistic approach provide the client with a deeper understanding of who they are, what they feel and the opportunity to explore the possibility of creating personal choices. It encourages self-awareness and self-realisation. Humanistic therapy is used for anxiety, low self-esteem, bereavement, depression, stress management, loss or relationship issues. The key characteristics are; Congruence ? Genuineness, the counsellor shows honesty and openness toward the client, not putting on a front, they are equals. Empathy ? Accepting the client for who they are, not judging them them whatever they say or do will allow the client to open up. Unconditional Positive Regard ? Putting ourselves in the clients shoes, if the client feels, we are right there with them and know how they are feeling it will help them along the way, knowing that they are not alone with how they are feeling and where they are in their mind. Environment ? A safe environment is needed for the client to open up and carry on along their journey, they should be seen in a secure, private, comfortable space that allows them the freedom to open up without the worry of outside influences. Also, that their sessions are within the boundaries of the data protection act so whatever they say will go no further. ...read more.

Middle

The third level is Love & Belonging which are psychological needs. Only when a person is physically healthy are they able to accept these needs. The fourth level Esteem is achieved when we can accept what we have accomplished, giving us confidence and respect for ourselves, then we can accept respect from others. At the top of the pyramid is Need for Self-Actualisation, which occurs when an individual reaches a state of harmony and understanding. Maslow?s thinking was original ? most psychologists before him had been concerned with the abnormal and the ill, he wanted to know what constituted positive mental health. Joseph Luft and Harrington Ingram (Designed Johari Window in 1955) This tool was devised by psychologists Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham in the United States in 1955 when they were looking at how groups worked. It is a simple and useful tool for illustrating and improving self-awareness, and mutual understanding between individuals within a group. Luft and Ingham called their Johari Window model ?Johari? after combining their first names, Joe and Harry. The first quarter is the Open Area or 'area of free activity'. This is the information about the person - behaviour, attitude, feelings, emotion, knowledge, experience, skills, views, etc - known by the person ('the self') and known by the group ('others'). The second quarter is the ?Blind Area? this is what is known about a person by others in the group, but is unknown by the person him/herself. ...read more.

Conclusion

He believed that the three core conditions of Carl Rogers?s theory should be present to help clients through his three stage model. He suggested that in addition to providing the core conditions, counsellors may need to help clients make decisions, clarify and set goals, and to support them with implementing their action. His goal setting model is; Stage One ? The present scenario The aim of stage one is to help clients understand themselves and their problem, to set goals and to take action achieving the goals set. The counsellor helps clients to tell their story, to focus (being specific), and to develop insight and perspectives. A key skill that needs to be present during stage one is that of ?active listening?, this includes using paraphrasing, open questions and by reflecting the feelings of their client. ?The clients goal is self-exploration: the counsellors goal is responding? Stage Two ? Creating new scenarios and setting goals The aim of stage two is to help clients examine their problem. They should think how it could be handled differently and should be encourage to develop their powers of imagination. The counsellor helps the clients develop choice and commitment to change. During stage two the counsellor should extend the active listening and advance the understanding empathy. The ?deeper empathy? of stage two should deal with feelings and meanings that have not surfaced and are not normally obvious. ?The clients goal is self-understanding: the counsellors goal is to integrate understanding? Stage Three ? Helping clients act ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

This essay states that it will look at Humanistic, Psycho dynamic and Cognitive approaches to therapy but actually only covers the first area.

The work is good and well researched but isn't always applied in a therapeutic way. It describes the theory but does not explain how it is used in therapy.

This could be simply rectified by using some case studies as examples and describing how the therapy worked.

****

Marked by teacher Sam Morran 18/07/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Explain key influences on the personal learning processes of individuals. Assess the impact of ...

    4 star(s)

    Feelings ? what were you thinking and feeling? At the time of action what were your thoughts and what were your emotions. Evaluation ? what was good and bad about the experience? Tell yourself what was good and bad about the experience so you can learn from it and try to avoid and eliminate the bad in your future experience.

  2. Produce and monitor an action plan for self development and the achievement of own ...

    I read what my teacher has wrote so that when I do correct my mistakes my teacher will not have to give my work back. To ask if I need help In lesson when I have stuck doing a difficult task, I must ask my teacher to help me understand

  1. Personal & professional development in Health & Social care.n this assignment I am going ...

    days June 2011 * search online for my career *get directions and decide on campus Start from Oct 2010 Complete unit 6 & 7 November 2010 * plenty of research *achieve distinctions September 2010- November 2010 P4) Describe your progress against your action plan over the duration of the programme.

  2. The Stages of a Counselling Relationship. The initial contract between a person centred counsellor ...

    This can sometimes lead the counsellor into to agreeing to something that actively gets in the way of the therapeutic process, often without even been fully aware. For example my potential client is determined she doesn't not want to talk about her past relationships; this may cause myself as the counsellor to rush into reassuring my client.

  1. Within this essay the author will explore the concepts / issues in the specific ...

    public trust and confidence, by maintaining appropriate personal and professional standards of behaviour"; and by doing this the mentor is not only being disrespectful to the patients mother, but they are setting a bad example to the student. The concept of informed consent is also an important issue within healthcare,

  2. Child development - patterns of development. To increase my awareness and knowledge of ...

    weight, these factors are categorised under the physical growth of physical development. This type of development can also be described as aging, the way the body changes as we get older. Intellectual development Intellectual development consists of learning to read, write, draw and use memory.

  1. complementary therapy

    Individuals living in urban areas have a great rage of centres that are available without them having to travel lightly distances to access them. When living in an urban area there are advantages such as public transport that runs regularly however the problem with this is that urban areas can

  2. Unit 21 Nutrition for health and social care

    Lunchtime can usually be accommodated by the local meals service, which is organized through social services. Hot meals are delivered daily, even at weekends in cases where there is no realistic alternative. Some local authorities provide a choice of meal, which has to be ordered in advance; others will just deliver meals without offering a choice.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work