• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain patterns and trends of health and illness among different social groupings.

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Unit 7 P3: explain patterns and trends of health and illness among different social groupings. Government findings According to the January 2007 report by the parliamentary office of science and technology why are some ethnic minority groups at more risk of ill health than others. Black and minority ethnic (BME) groups generally have worse health than the overall population, although some BME groups fare much worse than others do, and patterns vary from one health condition to the next. Evidence suggests that the poorer socio-economic position of BME groups is the main factor driving ethnic health inequalities. Several policies have aimed to tackle health inequalities in recent years, although to date, ethnicity has not been a consistent focus. Ethnicity Ethnicity results from various aspects of variation, which are socially and politically vital in the UK. These include race; culture; religion and nationality, which impact on a person?s identity and how other individuals? observe them. Identification with ethnic groups is at many different levels. They may see themselves to be: British, Asian, Indian, Punjabi and Glaswegian at different times and in different circumstances. ...read more.


5. Ethnic differences in health may vary between generations. For example, in some BME groups, rates of ill health are worse among those born in the UK than in first generation migrants. Examples of ethnic health inequalities Cardio-vascular disease (CVD): Men born in South Asia are 50% more likely to have a heart attack or Angina than men in the broad-spectrum population. Bangladeshis have the highest rates followed by the Pakistanis then Indians and other South Asians. By contrast, men born in the Caribbean are 50% more likely to die of stroke than the general residents are, but they have an inferior mortality to coronary heart disease. Classical risk factors like smoking; blood pressure; obesity; and cholesterol fall short to explanation for all these national variations, and there is discussion regarding how much they can be explained by socio-economic factors. Many researchers think that there are biological differences between ethnic groups, and an assortment of a investigate has been carried out on the potential mechanisms. Cancer Overall, Cancer rates tend to be lower in BME groups. For lung cancer, mortality rates are lower in people from South Asia, the Caribbean and Africa, which relates to lower levels of smoking. ...read more.


In older age they are more likely to be in deficiency for the reason that they are less likely to have employer?s pension and may not, because of family responsibilities, have a full state pension either. There are clear and undeviating links between poverty and poor health. The female role Women still take the responsibility for the housework in most homes. The higher incidence of depression may be linked with the dull repetitive nature of the work. Popay and Bartley (1998), studying the hours spent on domestic labour in 1700 households in London, found that women spent up to 87 hours per week on housework and that women with children spent 64 hours per week even if they had a full-time job. Often women will be managing on an inadequate resources, working long hours and have little time to and for themselves. However, it may be that the higher rates of diagnosed stress-related illness for women are due to the willingness of women to discuss mental health issues with their doctor rather than there actually being a higher rate of stress-related illness. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Evaluate different sociological explanations for patterns and trends of health and illness in two ...

    3 star(s)

    that the middle class have a healthier lifestyle thus a higher life expectancy. * Materialistic or Structural Explanations This view presents that the working class is in a worse state than the middle class.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    I will be explaining the patterns and trends within social groupings such as Social ...

    3 star(s)

    A comparison to higher ethnic group of Caucasian s indicate: * Majority if smaller ethnic groups have higher infant mortality * Majority of smaller ethnic groups have a shorter life expectancy * There is a higher occurrence of rickets

  1. Describe key aspects of public health. Identify current patterns of ill health and ...

    available as more people were coming to hoe many jobs were available. Living conditions during the Industrial Revolution varied from the splendors of the homes of the owners to the squalor of the lives of the workers. Poor people lived in very small houses in cramped narrow streets.

  2. Compare patterns and trends of health and illness in three different social groups.

    Cultural or behavioural explanations: focuses on behaviour and lifestyle choices of people in lower classed. Poor diet and exercise, alcohol and smoking seemed to be linked to working class eople. This is also linked to illnesses such as cancer, bronchitis, and diabetes and heart disease.

  1. Public Health: How are current patterns of ill health monitored? How have current patterns ...

    A rural area is the opposite of an urban area. A rural area is an area that does not have many buildings but instead has mostly large open spaces and is also known as the countryside. The positive effects that a rural area has on an individual?s health are: 1.

  2. A report explaining the patterns and trends of health and illness in three social ...

    Mortality rates can be compared internationally because most countries hold similar information. Mortality rate are expressed in several different ways. A basis measurement is to express mortality as a number of deaths per 100 per year. However this does not allow the diversity of age within the population which varies over time and between geographical areas.

  1. Sociological Perspectives. Understanding patterns and trends in health and illness among different social groupings

    The information about the two rates will be analysed by sex, age, geographical location or social class. Morbidity rates can be measured in terms of the prevalence of disease, which is the total number of cases of a specific disease in a population during a specific period of time.

  2. Health and Social Care Unit 3 Health and Well being

    Environmental health officers provide health advice which can be applied to a wide range of areas, when more problems concerning physical environments arise, their portfolio for health promotion will become even more diverse. Health educational specialist A health education specialist is someone who strives to improve health in individuals within

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work