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Explain possible contributory factors to the pattern of ill health

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National Diploma Health and Social Care in Health Studies Unit 12 Public Health Explain possible contributory factors to the pattern of ill health Socio-economic Someone's sexuality can have dramatic effects on their health, especially those who are actively open about their sexuality and being gay, lesbian or bisexual. This can lead to many different forms of discrimination, which can then lead on to mental health issues. Many young people who identify themselves as gay, lesbian or bisexual are believed to be at higher risk of some form of bullying at school. Recent research conducted by the campaigning organisation Stonewall found that almost two-thirds (65%) of lesbian, gay or bisexual pupils had experienced homophobic bullying in school, this figure was 75 % for faith schools. These experiences can have a very nasty negative effect on people's health and general wellbeing. According to Mind organisation 50% of gay, lesbian or bisexual people have contemplated suicide or self-harm. Young gay men population have the highest rate of suicide of all groups, this can be linked to the homophobia and discrimination they experience directly from their sexuality. The diet of the nation has to be the most important factor that contributes to our health or ill health. ...read more.


The cells are round and flexible, allowing them to easily move around your body. The shape and texture of the blood cells can change with people with sickle cell anaemia. They become hard and sticky and are shaped like sickles, or crescents. The cells die prematurely, leading to a shortage of red blood cells. The disease can cause sufferers to experience pain, tissue damage and can lead to blindness and strokes. There is no prevention or cure for sickle cell but with a healthy diet and lifestyle the condition can be managed. Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disorder caused by a faulty gene, which causes internal bodily secretions become thick and sticky, and hinder the function of certain organs, such as the lungs and digestive system. The faulty gene allows too much salt and not enough water into the cells, which results in a buildup of thick, sticky mucus in the body's tubes and passageways. These blockages damage the body's lungs and digestive system, resulting in inflammation and repeated infections. A healthy diet and exercise can help to control the conditions associated with Cystic fibrosis. ...read more.


I believe socio-economic plays the biggest part in the health of the public. Everything we have, want or need is dictated by money and this is reflected in our health. If we live in poor housing, it's because our income determines how much we can afford to pay, then our health can be affected by this. Same with what food we eat or the amount of exercise we do. People in low income occupations usually have to work longer hours which leaves them with less time to exercise and could lead them into making unhealthier food choices which can result in health issues such as obesity, CHD or strokes. Most of the big disease which kill the most every year result from bad lifestyles and unhealthy foods choices. Everything is a cycle, the lack of income when growing up can determine the education you get and whether you go on to further education and your lack of education determines the income you receive so it's a no win situation and a very hard cycle to break. If more isn't done to help those on lower incomes to follow healthier lifestyles now then their children will be walking time bombs of health issues. This will lead to bigger issues for public health and resources within the NHS. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

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