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Explain the potential effects of discrimination practice on those who use health and social care services.

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Introduction

P3.A: Explain the potential effects of discrimination practice on those who use health and social care services. Discrimination within health and social care can arise for a wide range of reason. The roots causes of discrimination are often referred to as the basses of discrimination. The bases of discrimination listed: * Culture * Disability * Age * Social class * Gender * Sexuality * Health status * Family status * Cognitive ability Culture - The person's culture is formed through the social interactions that they have been exposed to when they were brought up. The behaviours and beliefs are formed by the family and the community in which they live in, can be classed as a pattern that demonstrates the culture to which they belong. Therefore, it is easy to see that culture of the health care worker and that of the individual clash there is the potential for conflict and discrimination. In December 2004 the Islamic human rights commission published a report called 'social discrimination: Across the Muslim divide'. ...read more.

Middle

Sometimes this happens through simple thoughtlessness and sometimes, sadly, intentionally. Infringement of rights - Discrimination whether overt or covert is an abuse of power. Very often, when an individual has experienced discrimination it also leads to an infringement of rights. This refers to an individual or group being denied the right to participate in society fairly and equally in areas such as education, employment, politics etc. Covert or overt abuse of power - covert mean hidden and overt means out in the open. Using and abusing power and authority to discriminate against individuals is not acceptable behaviour. Health and social care professionals have to use their power when working with individual in a variety of ways. For example, social workers and carers have to make decisions about the level of care an individual will receive each day, and doctors make decisions, as part of their everyday function, about who will receive treatment, and when. However, if this power is used negatively, individuals can be disadvantaged in their access to health care. Prejudice - is predetermined judgement (pre-judgements) ...read more.

Conclusion

The effects of discriminatory practice in health and social care settings: Discrimination has the potential to affect people in wide-ranging ways. In the health and social care, the effects of discrimination can be catastrophic and even end in the death of a service user. Anyone planning a career in health and social care should be aware of the potential negative effects caused by discrimination. Marginalisation - marginalisation means being pushed to the boundaries of society. In other words, you are unable to participate fully in health and social service that is available. Marginalisation can occur are both micro and macro levels. Governments have been accused of marginalising groups of the population in terms of their health and social care needs. Disempowerment - people who are discriminated against especially by powerful groups in society such as health care professional are often totally disempowered. This means they are not able to take action for themselves, have no way of fighting the discrimination and, sadly, lose the will to do something about it. People can be disempowered through another form of discrimination - 'the health worker knows best' syndrome. ?? ?? ?? ?? Sana Parkar 03/12/08 ...read more.

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