• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain the principal psychological perspectives of the biological approach

Extracts from this document...


Task One P1: Explain the principal psychological perspectives. (F). Biological Approach: Arnold Gesell development a theory of maturation, which explained the developmental processes and stages from conception onwards. The theory proposes that development occur according to a sequence of maturational processes. Maturation refers to genetically programmed patterns of chance. It suggests that all individuals will pass through the same series of changes, in the same order, making maturation processes universal and sequential. Gesell was mainly concerned with infant?s psychomotor development (such as grasping and other manipulative skills, and locomotion such as walking and crawling). These abilities are usually seen as developing themselves, according to a genetically programmed timetable. Providing that the baby is physically normal. As the child develops from birth onwards, its genes allow it to flower into the person that they are meant to be. The environment should provide support for this unfolding of talents, skills personality and interests, but the main thing driving this development is the maturational drive. It is important that you recognise that maturational change do not only include biological change, but all stages theories of development which assume that maturation underpins certain stages. ...read more.


The Male Syndrome will have the effects of their hand/s flapping, hand biting and also developing poor eye contact to others and objects. The Female Syndrome will have the effects of Learning difficulties, they will not be able to notice physical features and not good at socialising with others. Hunting?s Disease, this Disease runs in the family and is found in both male and female. They symptoms for this disease will be very visible but they will not show until around the age of thirty and fifty years old, the symptoms will be things such as speech disfigurement and depression. Psychologists studied the likeness of having a disorder through a genetically determined by using the ?twins study?. There are two different types of twins, these are: Monozygotic twins (MZ) - 100% of the same genetic material since they were formed from fertilised egg then divided into two. This is the identical twins. Dizygotic twins (DZ) - Only 50% of the same genetic material since they occur when two eggs are fertilised by different sperm. ...read more.


which is located in our brain and spinal cord, the second part is our Periphenal nervous system (PNS) which is in our other veins. The Periphenal Nervous System (PNS) is also split into two parts, the first part is the Somatic Nervous System, which controls our movements and the second part is the Automatic Nervous System (ANS) this is the part in which it automatically moves our movements. When our bodies are under going stress, our bodies respond in two ways these are the fight or flight response and the counter shock response. The symptoms of the fight or flight response are that the heart speeds up, lungs expand, the sweat glands speed up, mouth becomes dry and our pupils dilate. The fight or flight response gives you energy to respond in a stressful situation, it is dangerous if our bodies to stay like this in stress for a period of time, Therefore counter shock develops. This is then the second stage after the fight or flight response. The symptoms of the counter shock response are the pupils are constantly dilated, salvation starts producing in the mouth, heart slows down, lungs consists, our digestion speeds up and the sweat glands start slowing down. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. Unit 6

    2006 *This Act came into force on 1st October 2006 and******he first time gives legal rights to those old or young, against an employer who discrimina******gainst them in the work pl******cause their diversity e.g.******itment. These persons/bod******so have an obligation not to dis岩minate or harass former parties to the *employment* rel******婰

  2. Physiological disorder

    The diaphragm does much of this work. At rest it is shaped like a done curving up into your chest and drawing air into your lungs other muscles including the muscles between your ribs also helping moving your ribcage in and out.

  1. Use sociological terminology to describe the principal sociological perspectives.

    be seen as the responsibility of religious groups, the commune or the local community. Postmodernism Postmodernism is an approach to sociology, or understanding society, that focuses on the rapid change and uncertainty in our society - some would even say chaos.

  2. Sociological Perspectives

    process but sees individuals as also having the freewill to choose how they want to behave. They consentrate more on smaller groups and have little interest in social structure. Social action theorists think that within our family 'social roles' are not clearly defined for example, in our homes today women

  1. Unit 4-Human lifespan development

    During this time, your child will go through many changes in his physical, psychological (mental and emotional), and social growth. Physical development During the teen years, adolescents experience changes in their physical development at a rate of speed unparalleled since infancy. Physical development includes: -Rapid gains in height and weight.

  2. Surviving Schizophrenia.

    In order to be diagnosed as having major depression, one must have at least five of the above symptoms (2). Eleven million people in the world suffer from these mood disorders today, yet only 1/3 of these people receive treatment.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work