• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain the principal psychological perspectives of the biological approach

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Task One P1: Explain the principal psychological perspectives. (F). Biological Approach: Arnold Gesell development a theory of maturation, which explained the developmental processes and stages from conception onwards. The theory proposes that development occur according to a sequence of maturational processes. Maturation refers to genetically programmed patterns of chance. It suggests that all individuals will pass through the same series of changes, in the same order, making maturation processes universal and sequential. Gesell was mainly concerned with infant?s psychomotor development (such as grasping and other manipulative skills, and locomotion such as walking and crawling). These abilities are usually seen as developing themselves, according to a genetically programmed timetable. Providing that the baby is physically normal. As the child develops from birth onwards, its genes allow it to flower into the person that they are meant to be. The environment should provide support for this unfolding of talents, skills personality and interests, but the main thing driving this development is the maturational drive. It is important that you recognise that maturational change do not only include biological change, but all stages theories of development which assume that maturation underpins certain stages. ...read more.

Middle

The Male Syndrome will have the effects of their hand/s flapping, hand biting and also developing poor eye contact to others and objects. The Female Syndrome will have the effects of Learning difficulties, they will not be able to notice physical features and not good at socialising with others. Hunting?s Disease, this Disease runs in the family and is found in both male and female. They symptoms for this disease will be very visible but they will not show until around the age of thirty and fifty years old, the symptoms will be things such as speech disfigurement and depression. Psychologists studied the likeness of having a disorder through a genetically determined by using the ?twins study?. There are two different types of twins, these are: Monozygotic twins (MZ) - 100% of the same genetic material since they were formed from fertilised egg then divided into two. This is the identical twins. Dizygotic twins (DZ) - Only 50% of the same genetic material since they occur when two eggs are fertilised by different sperm. ...read more.

Conclusion

which is located in our brain and spinal cord, the second part is our Periphenal nervous system (PNS) which is in our other veins. The Periphenal Nervous System (PNS) is also split into two parts, the first part is the Somatic Nervous System, which controls our movements and the second part is the Automatic Nervous System (ANS) this is the part in which it automatically moves our movements. When our bodies are under going stress, our bodies respond in two ways these are the fight or flight response and the counter shock response. The symptoms of the fight or flight response are that the heart speeds up, lungs expand, the sweat glands speed up, mouth becomes dry and our pupils dilate. The fight or flight response gives you energy to respond in a stressful situation, it is dangerous if our bodies to stay like this in stress for a period of time, Therefore counter shock develops. This is then the second stage after the fight or flight response. The symptoms of the counter shock response are the pupils are constantly dilated, salvation starts producing in the mouth, heart slows down, lungs consists, our digestion speeds up and the sweat glands start slowing down. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. Unit 4-Human lifespan development

    Having language problems can be frustrating, may affect behavior so links back to their emotional development. Same goes for physical. Physical problems in themselves affect development (mobility problems could prevent them from playing with certain toys, using a pencil, could be blind or deaf, disabled etc.); these may link with language (physical impairment affecting speech)

  2. Physiological disorder

    The upper airways are important because it must always stay open for us to be able to breathe and it also helps to moist and warm the air it reaches your lungs. The lungs structure: The lungs are cone shaped organs which take up most of the space in out hest along with the heart.

  1. Unit 6

    娩s decreases the feeling of the unknown and provides information the visually impaired p******cannot get on their own. 2: Tell the person if you are leaving. Let him or her know if ot******ill remain in the room or if he or she will be alone. This****** consideration and decreases confusion.

  2. Use sociological terminology to describe the principal sociological perspectives.

    This is funded through taxation and national insurance. This contrasted with the New right who consider welfare to be the responsibility of the individual and their family and that state should play a minimal role. Collectivism and the New Right are examples of our society and, for our purpose, their response to meeting identified areas of welfare need.

  1. Sociological Perspectives

    shaped greatly by society but he believed that was the economic system that defined society and the place people had within it. He believed that in industrial society of his time that there were two social classes; The bourgeoisie or capitalists, these are the powerful class in society.

  2. Surviving Schizophrenia.

    person to have a change in functioning in work, home, or personal relationships. Some of these symptoms include: depressed mood, loss of interest in daily activities, weight loss, insomnia/hypersomnia, feelings of worthlessness, psychomotor agitation, re-occurring thoughts of suicide or death, and a diminished ability to think or make decisions.

  1. Explain the principle psychological perspectives and theories.

    This can be done through television, media, video games and family members. Attention, in order for the behaviour to be copied and repeated it needs to be noticed by the receiving individuals. Retention, to have an interest in either the behaviour or the individual or group of people or action.

  2. Psychological Perspectives - Biological Approach

    Gesell emphasized that growth always progresses in a pattern through predictable stages or sequences, and that while an individual progresses through these stages at his or her own pace, the sequence remains the same. The cycles of development are divided into six well-defined stages which are repeated throughout life.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work