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Explain the principal psychological perspectives of the biological approach

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Introduction

´╗┐Task One P1: Explain the principal psychological perspectives. (F). Biological Approach: Arnold Gesell development a theory of maturation, which explained the developmental processes and stages from conception onwards. The theory proposes that development occur according to a sequence of maturational processes. Maturation refers to genetically programmed patterns of chance. It suggests that all individuals will pass through the same series of changes, in the same order, making maturation processes universal and sequential. Gesell was mainly concerned with infant?s psychomotor development (such as grasping and other manipulative skills, and locomotion such as walking and crawling). These abilities are usually seen as developing themselves, according to a genetically programmed timetable. Providing that the baby is physically normal. As the child develops from birth onwards, its genes allow it to flower into the person that they are meant to be. The environment should provide support for this unfolding of talents, skills personality and interests, but the main thing driving this development is the maturational drive. It is important that you recognise that maturational change do not only include biological change, but all stages theories of development which assume that maturation underpins certain stages. ...read more.

Middle

The Male Syndrome will have the effects of their hand/s flapping, hand biting and also developing poor eye contact to others and objects. The Female Syndrome will have the effects of Learning difficulties, they will not be able to notice physical features and not good at socialising with others. Hunting?s Disease, this Disease runs in the family and is found in both male and female. They symptoms for this disease will be very visible but they will not show until around the age of thirty and fifty years old, the symptoms will be things such as speech disfigurement and depression. Psychologists studied the likeness of having a disorder through a genetically determined by using the ?twins study?. There are two different types of twins, these are: Monozygotic twins (MZ) - 100% of the same genetic material since they were formed from fertilised egg then divided into two. This is the identical twins. Dizygotic twins (DZ) - Only 50% of the same genetic material since they occur when two eggs are fertilised by different sperm. ...read more.

Conclusion

which is located in our brain and spinal cord, the second part is our Periphenal nervous system (PNS) which is in our other veins. The Periphenal Nervous System (PNS) is also split into two parts, the first part is the Somatic Nervous System, which controls our movements and the second part is the Automatic Nervous System (ANS) this is the part in which it automatically moves our movements. When our bodies are under going stress, our bodies respond in two ways these are the fight or flight response and the counter shock response. The symptoms of the fight or flight response are that the heart speeds up, lungs expand, the sweat glands speed up, mouth becomes dry and our pupils dilate. The fight or flight response gives you energy to respond in a stressful situation, it is dangerous if our bodies to stay like this in stress for a period of time, Therefore counter shock develops. This is then the second stage after the fight or flight response. The symptoms of the counter shock response are the pupils are constantly dilated, salvation starts producing in the mouth, heart slows down, lungs consists, our digestion speeds up and the sweat glands start slowing down. ...read more.

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