Explain two specific behaviors using psychological perspectives
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P4 - Explain two specific behaviors using psychological perspectives P5 - Use examples to explain the contribution of psychological perspectives to the management and treatment of two specific behaviors M3 - Analyze the role of psychological perspectives in understanding the two specific behaviors Introduction In this assignment I will be explaining two specific behaviors using psychological perspectives. In this part I will be talking about phobias and fears, and OCD. Every behavior of an individual has an explanation with psychological perspectives which makes us understand the behavior in more depth and why the individual is behaving accordingly. There are quite a few psychological perspectives that I have learnt about throughout my lessons. These are behaviorist, social learning theory, psychodynamic, humanistic, cognitive, developmental and biological. All of these perspectives explain a certain behavior in a unique way to others, however some can be explained together and others on their own. Phobia and fears This is my first specific behavior which I will explain by giving three psychological perspectives. Phobia is an excessive fear or unreasonable irrational fear. However a fear is an unpleasant reaction when face-to-face with real danger. It could be towards someone, object, place, situation etc. there are many types of phobias which are towards all sorts of things for e.g. agoraphobia (phobia of crowded places) Phobias are very common, but as there are many types, not all has to be common. Phobias follow on from traumas. Normally phobias occur for an individual due to their past experiences. For e.g. if an individual gets a bite from a dog, they may be scared to go near dogs again. They have now developed a phobia for dogs. Normally these phobias occur in childhood. If the individual is to face the phobic object, they will be seen as uncomfortable straight away. There are many types of phobias which can occur in individuals. These specific phobias are animal, natural environment, blood or injury, situational and others such as choking, vomiting etc.
The last two paragraphs were used from http://www.guidetopsychology.com/sysden.htm and http://phobialist.com/treat.html The strengths and weaknesses of the perspectives are that biological, looks are more of the genetic side, but if any individual has a phobia, its not a fact that their family members has it too. This is not very reliable because phobias do not occur within a day, it develops. However the strength of biological is that For the merit part, I will analyze and explain which perspective and treatments are best fro phobias. If the behavior is explained through biological perspectives, as treatment doctors and GPs allows the individual to understand that this disorder has occurred genetically and not environmentally. So, health care professionals who are trying to help the individual may give medication to help control the disorder. However if the behavior is explained through social learning theory, the treatment for this would be to teach the individual a new appropriate behavior and make them understand the importance of following this behavior. If the individual is put among a group who hasn't got the phobia, there are more chances of the individual overcoming their phobia. However the best psychological perspective that explains phobias better is the behaviorism theory because phobias makes individual perform abnormally towards the object/situation. In order for them to behave in such way, they must have had an unconditional response along with their conditioned response. As a result they are being punished when faced with their phobic object/situation, so they try to avoid this situation. The best treatment for phobias is cognitive behavioral therapy because the individual is spoken to about their phobia. This would eventually help the individual to realize their behavior and then change it. The last paragraph was used from http://www.rcpsych.ac.uk/mentalhealthinfoforall/treatments/cbt.aspx, http://phobialist.com/treat.html http://www.guidetopsychology.com/sysden.htm Anorexia Nervosa This is my next specific behavior which I will use three psychological perspectives to explain. Anorexia is one of the main eating disorder which occurs mainly in girls or women, who are terrified of gaining weight (can also occur in boys or men.
"person A" is friends with "person B" and, "A" does not like opening toilet doors with direct hand and this behavior can be passes on to "person B" because "person B" will be observing. Another way social learning can cause a phobia is by explaining to the individual, from a very small age, so when they grow up, even though they haven't had a negative experience, they will have a fear for it. However Behaviorism perspectives explain phobias more than the other two because phobia can only occur of the individual has had a negative experience from the object/situation. For e.g. a 7 months old child may go near a snake, because it does not know the danger of it, but if the child got attacked by the snake, then it will have a phobia towards it. So behaviorism is the best perspectives to explain phobia because phobia is when an individual is behaving different due to the object/phobia. Anorexia was explained by using the same psychological perspectives I used to explain phobias. Biological explain that anorexia occur due to genetics. However this is not very trustful because anorexia is a disorder than occur in an individual due to them wanting to be "skinny". If this was genetic, the individual could eat a lot more to keep a normal weight, so this is not reliable. Behaviorism perspectives explanations are more related than biological because behavior is when the individual may have had a negative comment/experience from being fat/chubby/obese, making the individual go on a diet. This is s behavior that is associated with the negative experience, therefore linking with the behaviorism. However social learning theory is the best perspectives that explain anorexia, because it is more of a social behavior learnt and then goes out of control resulting in anorexia. This disorder is more likely to occur nowadays than olden days, because being slim used to be seen unattractive. So social learning is the best to explain anorexia because this is socially occurring disorder. ?? ?? ?? ?? BTEC Nat-Dip Health and Social Care Sherin Shaji Unit 29 - Applied Psychology Perspectives 1
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Here's what a teacher thought of this essay
This is an excellent essay that demonstrates the writer has done their research and applied it to two conditions. It was a pleasure to read it.
There are a few areas that could be enhanced such as linking theories into the treatments but it is actually a very good essay as it is.
Marked by teacher Sam Morran 20/08/2013
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