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Explain two theories of ageing

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Introduction

Explain two theories of ageing The first theory of ageing is disengagement; this is the withdrawal of involvement. According to Henry (1961) and Cumming (1961) this is natural for an older person to experience; this is mostly because elderly people have restricted opportunities to interact with people. There are many reasons for this; * Ill health- when someone is ill they may not be able to go outside also poor mobility, restricted vision and a hearing impairment will also make it difficult, and if friends are ill they will lose contact with you too. * Geographical mobility - once retired people may move to different parts of the world away from their friends and family or people may move away from family in order to find better work and housing. ...read more.

Middle

Surprisingly this theory was widely accepted in the past. Bromley (1974) argued that some people are expected to fight this process however it's bound to happen anyway because people don't have the physical or mental resources they did years ago. The "springboard" view of life - Childhood - Growing strong and tall Early Adulthood - Height of your ability Later life - All downhill now The disengagement theory fits in well with the "springboard" theory in that what happens when you get older is an inevitable process and consequence of biological decline. Even though it's accepted that this is a natural response to getting older there is no statistical evidence to suggest that this is a general rule for everyone. ...read more.

Conclusion

Bromley (1966) argued that elderly people need to disengage however they need to stay active during this lifestyle. Elderly people need to keep mentally active and maintain an interest in life and enjoy the company of others. Bromley suggests that it's not enough to just provide facilities for elderly people they need to be shown and taught how to use the facilities and how to abandon lethargic attitudes and fixed habits. Too much disengagement would lead to 'stagnation' and a loss of mental and physical skills. There is just one more theory of ageing which is the continuity theory this theory stresses the significance of continuing the lifestyle and to continue being the same person you were before. ?? ?? ?? ?? Lowri Taylor Unit 4 P4 ...read more.

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Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

This essay starts out well but feels unfinished. The first theory is put forward and some discussion is made but the other two theories are just briefly mentioned.

There is scope to enhance the essay and build up discussions of the theories presented and how they might apply to today's older generation.

***

Marked by teacher Sam Morran 20/08/2013

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