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Explain Two Theories of Aging. Unit 4 level 3 P4 P5 M2 M3 D2

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´╗┐Assignment 3 ? Theories of ageing P4, M2, D2, P5, M3 P4: In this assignment I will explain two theories which are the disengagement theory and the activity theory. Disengagement theory: The disengagement theory was put together by Cumming and Henry. This theory is related to how older people naturally withdraw themselves from society and social involvement with others. This was the first theory which was introduced and developed by social scientists which was expressed in the book called ?Growing old? which was also by Cumming and Henry in 1961. In this book it is written that it is acceptable for older folk to withdraw themselves from the outer world and society as it is a norm nowadays due to their age. In 1975 Cumming argued that ?It was appropriate and healthy for the older people to withdraw themselves from society and others? as they believed it was a natural part of growing old. The disengagement theory states that older people start to withdraw themselves from society and others because of their bodily issues i.e. physical movement, hearing loss and vision loss. Due to these issues this can deteriorate an older person?s health which then triggers off loss of communication with others and withdrawing themselves to others and society. Also when older people have reached a certain age where they have retired this is a contributing factor for them not to be as involved as much and they lose touch with their ex colleagues. ...read more.


playing games, chess, scrabble etc. These games are used so that their minds are working well and active also games like bingo will keep them entertained along with days out and dancing to stay physically active. Older people tend to start losing their memory when they reach to a certain age as their brain cells are decreasing and body is weakening. Therefore Bromley argued that older people needed to remain active that is why there are games and puzzles for them so that their intellectual development doesn?t decrease and the brain stimulates cells. However if some older people do not want to take part and be disengaged in activities and other participations then that is fine as they have a free will in what they want to do and what they do not want to do. This is because some of the older folk may have disabilities or mental health problems therefore they may not want to take part as they feel as though they will feel intimidated or belittled. However they do have the right not to take part as it is their human right and in a health and social care setting that must be respected and taken into account. P5: When jade my chosen individual reaches to old age she will experience physical and psychological changes due to the ageing process. ...read more.


Due to an old person being severely ill this can leave them being isolated and less confident in themselves as they are not doing anything physically as they are bedridden which can only result in them being more isolated and not taking part in any sort of social activities. A physical change that an old person can develop in relation to increase ageing can be Urinary incontinence. This is a uncontrollable passing of urine and is very common within the elderly which happens due to increasing age. There are several causes for urinary incontinence which are due to the damage to the nerves, taking certain medications, constipation and dementia. These are all contributing factors to which trigger off the unintentional urine passing. This can leave an old person feeling ashamed and embarrassed as they are unable to control it and this may result in them feeling less confident as they do not find it a norm. Also older adults may be affected socially as well as emotionally as they may feel too embarrassed to take part in social gatherings as they may pass urine unintentionally which will only upset them. Due to this they may feel as though they are not good enough to take part in activities due to their condition which will only make them disengaged and unsociable which isn?t good for them as they need something to keep them active and engaged. ...read more.

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