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Factors affecting development - genetic, biological and environmental.

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Introduction

Unit 4. Development through lifestages P2. Factors affecting development Life Factors Genetic: Down's syndrome A genetic factor that can affect an individuals development is a condition called Down's syndrome. A baby inherits genetic information from its parents in the form of 46 chromosomes 23 from each of the parents. In the cases of Down syndrome this is a chromosomal disorder caused by the presence of an all or extra chromosome for a total of 47 chromosomes instead of 46. The extra genetic material disrupts the normal course of development, causing the characteristic features of Down's syndrome. The condition can be associated with delayed physical and mental development. Down syndrome can be associated with impairment of cognitive ability and physical growth and a particular set of facial features. People that are born with down's may be born with a variety of birth defects, they are also have an increased risk of developing medical conditions like thyroid problems, respiratory disorders and intestinal abnormalities. They also have an increased risk of suffering with hearing and visual problems. Children with this syndrome tend to have slower language skills and lower IQ. ...read more.

Middle

thin upper lip, Small, widely spaced eyes * Vision or hearing problems * Trouble remembering and/specific or general learning difficulties * Problems with the central nervous system -. When something goes wrong with a part of the nervous system, a person can have trouble moving, speaking, or learning. He or she can also have problems with memory, senses, or social skills * Behavior problems and problems with social skills might lack a fear of strangers, be easily taken advantage of, prefer younger friends, be immature, and have trouble understanding how others feel. * Hyperactivity and attention problems * Cognitive defects - they cannot solve problem, they do not understand maths, time and money and they do not understand cause and effect * Low intellectual ability - difficulty in school, Speech and language delays, Intellectual disability or low IQ * Motor functioning delays - delays in walking, difficulty writing or drawing, clumsiness, balance problems and difficulty coordinating hands and fingers Environmental Access to leisure and recreational facilities An environmental factor that can affect development in individuals is access to leisure and recreational facilities, it is important for healthy growth and development throughout life. ...read more.

Conclusion

daughter and a friend promote social development and promote the development of relationships and the sense of belonging. Not having positive peer groups, family and friends can affect social and emotional development which can impact on self esteem and the ability to develop relationships with other individuals. Lifestyle Nutrition and dietary choice, exercise and stress Lifestyle encloses factors like nutrition and dietary choices, exercise and stress. Lifestyle factors are those of which we have a degree of control over. The type and amount of food we eat and levels of physical activity can greatly affect physical growth and development, which can have other effects on emotional and social development. For example an individual who has a poor diet eats lots of processed foods and takeaways and has little exercise is likely to become obese. This can impact on the individuals self esteem and ability to socialise and make relationships. Having too much stress has many negative influences on physical and emotional health, putting development at risk. Making good lifestyle choices increases their chances of being healthy and living longer; having a healthy lifestyle has a positive impact on emotional and social development. Also learning about being healthy can have positive impacts on intellectual development in individuals. ?? ?? ?? ?? Elizabeth Hathaway 17/05/2010 ...read more.

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