• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Factors affecting development - genetic, biological and environmental.

Extracts from this document...


Unit 4. Development through lifestages P2. Factors affecting development Life Factors Genetic: Down's syndrome A genetic factor that can affect an individuals development is a condition called Down's syndrome. A baby inherits genetic information from its parents in the form of 46 chromosomes 23 from each of the parents. In the cases of Down syndrome this is a chromosomal disorder caused by the presence of an all or extra chromosome for a total of 47 chromosomes instead of 46. The extra genetic material disrupts the normal course of development, causing the characteristic features of Down's syndrome. The condition can be associated with delayed physical and mental development. Down syndrome can be associated with impairment of cognitive ability and physical growth and a particular set of facial features. People that are born with down's may be born with a variety of birth defects, they are also have an increased risk of developing medical conditions like thyroid problems, respiratory disorders and intestinal abnormalities. They also have an increased risk of suffering with hearing and visual problems. Children with this syndrome tend to have slower language skills and lower IQ. ...read more.


thin upper lip, Small, widely spaced eyes * Vision or hearing problems * Trouble remembering and/specific or general learning difficulties * Problems with the central nervous system -. When something goes wrong with a part of the nervous system, a person can have trouble moving, speaking, or learning. He or she can also have problems with memory, senses, or social skills * Behavior problems and problems with social skills might lack a fear of strangers, be easily taken advantage of, prefer younger friends, be immature, and have trouble understanding how others feel. * Hyperactivity and attention problems * Cognitive defects - they cannot solve problem, they do not understand maths, time and money and they do not understand cause and effect * Low intellectual ability - difficulty in school, Speech and language delays, Intellectual disability or low IQ * Motor functioning delays - delays in walking, difficulty writing or drawing, clumsiness, balance problems and difficulty coordinating hands and fingers Environmental Access to leisure and recreational facilities An environmental factor that can affect development in individuals is access to leisure and recreational facilities, it is important for healthy growth and development throughout life. ...read more.


daughter and a friend promote social development and promote the development of relationships and the sense of belonging. Not having positive peer groups, family and friends can affect social and emotional development which can impact on self esteem and the ability to develop relationships with other individuals. Lifestyle Nutrition and dietary choice, exercise and stress Lifestyle encloses factors like nutrition and dietary choices, exercise and stress. Lifestyle factors are those of which we have a degree of control over. The type and amount of food we eat and levels of physical activity can greatly affect physical growth and development, which can have other effects on emotional and social development. For example an individual who has a poor diet eats lots of processed foods and takeaways and has little exercise is likely to become obese. This can impact on the individuals self esteem and ability to socialise and make relationships. Having too much stress has many negative influences on physical and emotional health, putting development at risk. Making good lifestyle choices increases their chances of being healthy and living longer; having a healthy lifestyle has a positive impact on emotional and social development. Also learning about being healthy can have positive impacts on intellectual development in individuals. ?? ?? ?? ?? Elizabeth Hathaway 17/05/2010 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    influences of genetic, environment and socio economic factors on the development of the individual

    3 star(s)

    If children with Down's syndrome are encouraged to do things for themselves and they receive appropriate education, therapy and social support - the majority of them can lead fulfilling and productive lives. They can live independently and have personal relationships.

  2. Child Development (AO3)

    Explanatory play This type of play involves children using their physical abilities to manipulate their skills from handling, throwing, banging or mouthing objects. For example, a child develops the skill of kicking a ball. The child then learns to manipulate his or her skills by developing the ability to throw the ball and perform more complex procedures with the ball.

  1. Free essay

    Child Development (AO1)

    inflicted on the child would be substantially high, where as if a child at 3 years was dropped the amount of pain inflicted would be noticeably lower due to the developmental progression of the nervous system. Physical development can be divided into three main categories, these are: * Fine motor

  2. Unit 4-Human lifespan development

    By studying identical and fraternal twins, as well as adopted siblings, behavioral geneticists have accomplished that genetic factors account for 40 to 70 percent of the changeability in certain characteristics. Genes may contribute directly to children's characteristics and ultimately influence social development through three procedures: passive effects, in which children's

  1. Care for Babies

    Your newborns nappy will need changing every couple of hours to begin with, as they usually urinate every one-three hours. This can make the skin sore and lead to nappy rash, so it's best to use a nappy cream after changing the nappy.

  2. Development through the lifestages

    because of their age Nature is the genetic and biological influences Nurture is the social, economic and environmental influences Human genome project is trying to map all the genes in a human body ________________ Life stages The human lifespan has been described in terms of life stages for centuries.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work