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Factors affecting health and the role of two health professionals.

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F912 Health Promotion A01 In this section I will be looking at health and well-being and how different factors affect health. A - What is health and well-being? Health: The old definition of health from the World Health Organisation (WHO) was that it was a ?state of physical, mental and social well-being and not just necessarily the absence of illness?. However they got criticised for this definition so have updated the definition to ?The extent to which an individual or group is able, on the one hand, to realise aspirations and satisfy needs, and on the other hand to change or cope with the environment. Health is therefore seen as a resource of everyday life, not the objective of living it is a positive concept emphasising social and personal resources as well as physical capabilities? I think that this definition is a bit too over complicated however it does include the key elements that I believe to be health. (Fisher, A. et al. 2012. Applied AS Health and Social Care 2nd edition. Oxford: Oxford university press) Well-being: Wellbeing is often simply defined as feeling good and functioning well. This includes having a fair share of material resources, influence and control, a sense of meaning, belonging and connection with people and place and the capability to manage problems and change. There are different perspectives on health and well-being that can change through the generations so our perspective on health may be different to that of our grandparents. For example if our grandparents had health problems we may not think they are healthy however they may think they are healthy for living longer. There are different aspects that determine your health and how it is affected. * Physical health refers to how you are physically and how your body functions. It is the easiest and most obvious way to determine someone?s health for example if someone is very overweight then you can see that they are not healthy however, people may look unhealthy but they cover it up with their personality. ...read more.


For example if someone had a injury to their arm but the GP didn?t quite know what the exact problem was then they may have to ask another person that specialises in that area. They may also seek help if they want a second opinion for example they may think they know what the diagnosis is however it may be important that it is right that they ask someone else to confirm it to prevent error. Patience A GP needs to have patience because some people may take longer to express their problems so a GP needs to accept that some people may not want to talk straight away and support them. Maintain professionalism A GP must maintain professionalism when dealing with patients because they have to remain focused and in control. Also the patient goes to them for a reason so they expect them to be professional. An open mind It is good to have an open mind so that you see things from a different perspective for example if a patient is not taking their medication then instead of just telling them how important it is for them to take them then you may take into account other aspects that may be effecting them for example a carer forgetting to remind them. Skills Communication skills Verbal skills are probably the most important skills to have because in order to help the patient and treat them accordingly then you have to be able to communicate with them to find out what is wrong with them. They also need to speak clearly when talking to the patients for example if the GP is telling them what medication to take it has to be accurate. Written communication is also very important as accuracy of the written word is extremely important. If inaccuracies occur with keeping of formal records, a service user could have the wrong treatment or be given incorrect information with disastrous results. ...read more.


We know that our criteria that we have to cover is that it has to be half an hour long and also have a pre and post questionnaire which will give us feedback. Outcomes We hope that the audience will be aware of healthy eating attitudes and also aware of the risks that can be involved through dieting. I feel that we can cover all of this in half an hour however if we feel that it is going to quickly and we will finish before the minimum time then we will expand on our points more and also answer any questions that they have. At the end of our presentation we will have an activity about BMI and we will show a link to the NHS website where they can check their BMI. At the end of the presentation we can show them this and if they are willing they can participate. They might like this as it breaks up the presentation and is a bit different from just listening to us talking. Also if they do it, they will find out if they are a healthy weight. We made a pre questionnaire(attached) which we will give the audience at the start of the lesson. By getting them to do this we can then see what they already know and what they know at the end so we can compare and see if we have achieved our aims. We have made up five simple questions so that it is not too time consuming and they can answer truthfully. We have also made the questionnaire anonymous so that the audience don?t feel uncomfortable answering the questions. At the end of the lesson we hand out post it notes which we will get them to write on, one will be asking for feedback on our performance and one will be getting them to write one thing that they have learned. This will be beneficial as it will allow us to see if we have taught them anything new. ...read more.

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