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Factors Affecting Health

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Introduction

Factors Affecting Health and Well-Being Many factors combine together to affect the health and well-being of individuals and communities. Whether people are healthy or not is determined by their circumstances and environment. To a large extent, factors such as where we live, the state of our environment, genetics, our income and education level, and our relationships with friends and family all have considerable impacts on health and well-being, whereas the more commonly considered factors such as access and use of health care services often have less of an impact. Thus the context of people's lives determines their health, and so blaming individuals for having poor health or crediting them for good health is inappropriate. Individuals are unlikely to be able to directly control many of the determinants of health. Lifestyle Choices A lifestyle choice is the view that people are free to choose their way of life. ...read more.

Middle

Research has shown that smoking reduces life expectancy by seven to eight years. Of the 300 people who die every day in the UK as a result of smoking, many are comparatively young smokers. The number of people under the age of 70 who die from smoking-related diseases exceeds the total figure for deaths caused by breast cancer, AIDS, traffic accidents and drug addiction. Non-smokers and ex-smokers can also look forward to a healthier old age than smokers. Physical Affects Smoking is the single most important modifiable risk factor for Coronary Heart Disease CHD in the young and the old. A lifetime non-smoker is 60 percent less likely to have CHD and 30 percent are less likely to have a stroke than a smoker. Smoking mirrors other patterns of ill health in that the highest levels are in the lowest social groups. ...read more.

Conclusion

The teeth become unsightly and yellow. Smokers may experience frequent headaches. And lack of oxygen and narrowed blood vessels to the brain can lead to strokes. Moving down to your chest, smoke passes through the bronchi, or breathing tubes. Hydrogen cyanide and other chemicals in the smoke attack the lining of the bronchi, inflaming them and causing that chronic smoker's cough. Because the bronchi are weakened, you're more likely to get bronchial infections. Mucus secretion in your lungs is impaired, also leading to chronic coughing. Smokers are 10 times as likely to get lung cancer and emphysema as nonsmokers. The effects of smoking on your heart are devastating. Nicotine raises blood pressure and makes the blood clot more easily. Carbon monoxide robs the blood of oxygen and leads to the development of cholesterol deposits on the artery walls. All of these effects add up to an increased risk of heart attack. In addition, the poor circulation resulting from cholesterol deposits can cause strokes, loss of circulation in fingers and toes and impotence. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

This is a good start to an essay but feels as though it has not been finished. The writer only discusses the effects on physical health and there is little mention of PIES, which would be expected in an essay of this nature.

The work could be expanded by trying to discuss the effect on well being and also explaining the consequences on others aspects of a person life.

***

Marked by teacher Sam Morran 20/08/2013

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