• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Factors Affecting Health

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Factors Affecting Health and Well-Being Many factors combine together to affect the health and well-being of individuals and communities. Whether people are healthy or not is determined by their circumstances and environment. To a large extent, factors such as where we live, the state of our environment, genetics, our income and education level, and our relationships with friends and family all have considerable impacts on health and well-being, whereas the more commonly considered factors such as access and use of health care services often have less of an impact. Thus the context of people's lives determines their health, and so blaming individuals for having poor health or crediting them for good health is inappropriate. Individuals are unlikely to be able to directly control many of the determinants of health. Lifestyle Choices A lifestyle choice is the view that people are free to choose their way of life. ...read more.

Middle

Research has shown that smoking reduces life expectancy by seven to eight years. Of the 300 people who die every day in the UK as a result of smoking, many are comparatively young smokers. The number of people under the age of 70 who die from smoking-related diseases exceeds the total figure for deaths caused by breast cancer, AIDS, traffic accidents and drug addiction. Non-smokers and ex-smokers can also look forward to a healthier old age than smokers. Physical Affects Smoking is the single most important modifiable risk factor for Coronary Heart Disease CHD in the young and the old. A lifetime non-smoker is 60 percent less likely to have CHD and 30 percent are less likely to have a stroke than a smoker. Smoking mirrors other patterns of ill health in that the highest levels are in the lowest social groups. ...read more.

Conclusion

The teeth become unsightly and yellow. Smokers may experience frequent headaches. And lack of oxygen and narrowed blood vessels to the brain can lead to strokes. Moving down to your chest, smoke passes through the bronchi, or breathing tubes. Hydrogen cyanide and other chemicals in the smoke attack the lining of the bronchi, inflaming them and causing that chronic smoker's cough. Because the bronchi are weakened, you're more likely to get bronchial infections. Mucus secretion in your lungs is impaired, also leading to chronic coughing. Smokers are 10 times as likely to get lung cancer and emphysema as nonsmokers. The effects of smoking on your heart are devastating. Nicotine raises blood pressure and makes the blood clot more easily. Carbon monoxide robs the blood of oxygen and leads to the development of cholesterol deposits on the artery walls. All of these effects add up to an increased risk of heart attack. In addition, the poor circulation resulting from cholesterol deposits can cause strokes, loss of circulation in fingers and toes and impotence. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

This is a good start to an essay but feels as though it has not been finished. The writer only discusses the effects on physical health and there is little mention of PIES, which would be expected in an essay of this nature.

The work could be expanded by trying to discuss the effect on well being and also explaining the consequences on others aspects of a person life.

***

Marked by teacher Sam Morran 20/08/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. P2 - Physiology of fluid balance

    Ionic material is another type of material found within the human body. This is a material containing atoms which either have a positive or a negative charge due to them losing or gaining atoms. These atoms or groups of atoms are known as ions or electrolytes.

  2. P1 & P2 Public Health

    consume five fruit and vegetables a day as this has been found to increase vitamin and mineral content in diets. * MMR immunisation programme - parents are encouraged to have their children immunised with measles, mumps and rubella vaccines in order to reduce the incidence of the disease for people who are not able to be immunised for various reasons.

  1. Outline current legislation, guidelines policies and procedure within own UK Home Nation affecting the ...

    Good conduct not only prevents incidents and allegations that we find ourselves being an element of, but will also help to highlight any conduct (by other people) that is unsafe and unprofessional. Explain when and why inquiries and serious case reviews are required and how the sharing of the findings informs practice.

  2. P1/M1/D1- Factors that impact upon my learning and development.

    In successful situations motivation can also influence individuals by allowing them to achieve their very best at what they?re studying and thrive to do more in the future once they complete their learning and use the knowledge and information they have acquired to help others and provide their services to do good.

  1. Public Health: How are current patterns of ill health monitored? How have current patterns ...

    at the life expectancy for males in Spelthorne in January 2000 to December 2002 which was 76 ? almost a 4 year difference. The current life expectancy age for males born in Chopwell is almost two years lower than the average in England at 76.4.

  2. Unit 21 Nutrition for health and social care

    As BMI is based on weight and height, by losing weight you will reduce your BMI and put yourself into a lower risk group. A healthy diet, including a balance of food groups, vitamins and minerals, is essential for a long and active life.

  1. Research Methodology for health and social care

    If the change is complex, such as using a new building and staff team. Monitoring systems and processes would help assess whether the service is effective in benefiting individuals. Monitoring involves research for example: 2. Using questionnaires to investigate precipitation of individual?s users of a new service.

  2. Unit 21 Nutrition for Health and social care

    * Cyanocobuamin ? This help to produce and maintain the nerve cells, mental ability, red blood cells and breaking down some fatty acids. Vitamin B is water-soluble and is needed for an energy release from food, it help keep your nerve and red blood cells healthy.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work