• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Factors Affecting Health

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Factors Affecting Health and Well-Being Many factors combine together to affect the health and well-being of individuals and communities. Whether people are healthy or not is determined by their circumstances and environment. To a large extent, factors such as where we live, the state of our environment, genetics, our income and education level, and our relationships with friends and family all have considerable impacts on health and well-being, whereas the more commonly considered factors such as access and use of health care services often have less of an impact. Thus the context of people's lives determines their health, and so blaming individuals for having poor health or crediting them for good health is inappropriate. Individuals are unlikely to be able to directly control many of the determinants of health. Lifestyle Choices A lifestyle choice is the view that people are free to choose their way of life. ...read more.

Middle

Research has shown that smoking reduces life expectancy by seven to eight years. Of the 300 people who die every day in the UK as a result of smoking, many are comparatively young smokers. The number of people under the age of 70 who die from smoking-related diseases exceeds the total figure for deaths caused by breast cancer, AIDS, traffic accidents and drug addiction. Non-smokers and ex-smokers can also look forward to a healthier old age than smokers. Physical Affects Smoking is the single most important modifiable risk factor for Coronary Heart Disease CHD in the young and the old. A lifetime non-smoker is 60 percent less likely to have CHD and 30 percent are less likely to have a stroke than a smoker. Smoking mirrors other patterns of ill health in that the highest levels are in the lowest social groups. ...read more.

Conclusion

The teeth become unsightly and yellow. Smokers may experience frequent headaches. And lack of oxygen and narrowed blood vessels to the brain can lead to strokes. Moving down to your chest, smoke passes through the bronchi, or breathing tubes. Hydrogen cyanide and other chemicals in the smoke attack the lining of the bronchi, inflaming them and causing that chronic smoker's cough. Because the bronchi are weakened, you're more likely to get bronchial infections. Mucus secretion in your lungs is impaired, also leading to chronic coughing. Smokers are 10 times as likely to get lung cancer and emphysema as nonsmokers. The effects of smoking on your heart are devastating. Nicotine raises blood pressure and makes the blood clot more easily. Carbon monoxide robs the blood of oxygen and leads to the development of cholesterol deposits on the artery walls. All of these effects add up to an increased risk of heart attack. In addition, the poor circulation resulting from cholesterol deposits can cause strokes, loss of circulation in fingers and toes and impotence. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

This is a good start to an essay but feels as though it has not been finished. The writer only discusses the effects on physical health and there is little mention of PIES, which would be expected in an essay of this nature.

The work could be expanded by trying to discuss the effect on well being and also explaining the consequences on others aspects of a person life.

***

Marked by teacher Sam Morran 20/08/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. Explain the importance of homeostasis in maintaining the healthy functioning of the body. examples ...

    This can cause serious problems in body leading to sodium in the body which is hyponatremia. Water intoxication and hyponatremia occur when a dehydrated person drinks too much water without electrolytes. People like athletes can also suffer from water intoxication as they sweat heavily, losing both water and electrolytes together.

  2. There are many factors which can affect childrens health and well-being throughout their lives.

    It can harm the unborn baby by damaging the development of their eyes and brain. Whilst pregnant the mother should not have certain foods such as soft cheese, this is because there is a risk of listeria infection.

  1. P1/M1/D1- Factors that impact upon my learning and development.

    My home environment consists of my 5 other family members, three younger siblings aged between six and fourteen and my parents, however regardless of the many interruptions and constant loud environment I personally feel I work better at home than at the working space provided by the college or public libraries.

  2. Outline current legislation, guidelines policies and procedure within own UK Home Nation affecting the ...

    In order for child protection to work effectively we must ensure we have good inter relationships with other agencies and good cooperation from professionals that are competent in responding to child protection situations. A procedure for recording concerns and incidents if a child discloses information that concerns his/her welfare; we

  1. Discuss the factors likely to influence current and future patterns of health in the ...

    They will also be financially unstable which will have a negative effect on them because they will be unable to pay for good health care unlike the people in the higher class. Also if someone in a lower class needed emergency treatment they would probably not be able to get

  2. Unit 21 Nutrition for health and social care

    Examples of servings in this group are one slice of bread, 1/2 cup of cooked cereal, rice or pasta, or one cup of ready-to-eat cereal. Examples for the Fruit Group include a medium-sized apple, orange or banana, 3/4 cup of fruit juice or 1/2 cup of chopped, cooked, or canned fruit.

  1. Research Methodology for health and social care

    local authorities have recognised their social services departments closed down, many of their residential homes and now deliver more homes -based care. Similarity, some doctors surgeries are now based on out of town businesses or industrial parks because research has shown that workers take less tine off if they can

  2. Unit 10 caring for children and young people

    After that if they continue to steal the parent can be sent to prison or the child can be sent to a Juvenile Detention Centre. An example of a serious crime could be that the parent could of used self defence with a violent partner and commits manslaughter resulting in

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work