• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Factors that affected the health and the well being of people during the 19th and 20th Century's are:-

Extracts from this document...


Factors that affected the health and the well being of people during the 19th and 20th Century's are:- * HOUSING * HEALTH * HEALTH PROVISION * WORK * SOCIAL POLICY I am going to tell you a bit about each one and how this affected the health of the people in the above named centuries. HOUSING Poor people lived in Small houses in cramped streets. These homes would share toilet facilities, have open sewers and would be susceptible to damp. Overcrowding was also a major issue. The population of Britain virtually doubled between 1801 and 1851 to about 18,000,000 largely as a result of an increased birth-rate and a lowered mortality rate. This rapid growth meant that there were far fewer dwellings than the numbered needed. A report from the London statistical society states that in 1847 a street in St Giles where, in 1841, 27 houses with an average of 5 rooms had 655 occupants, by 1847 the same houses contained 1,095 people. Such dwellings lacked light and space and had no fresh water or any other means of refuse disposal. The houses were likely to be adjacent to open sewers and piles or rotting animals and vegetable waste. ...read more.


- 1798 smallpox vaccination introduced - 1880 Cholera vaccination introduced - 1881 Anthrax vaccination introduced - 1885 Rabies vaccination introduced - 1896 Typhoid vaccination introduced - 1906 Tuberculosis vaccination introduced - 1913 Diphtheria vaccination introduced - 1927 Tetanus vaccination introduced - 1952 Whooping cough vaccination introduced - 1954 Polio vaccination introduced - 1964 Measles vaccination introduced During this period Stethoscopes were also invented. Rene Theophile Hyacithe Laennec, a pupil from Paris invented the stethoscope ion 1816. To start with the stethoscope was a simple wooden cylinder, about 9 inches long with a single earpiece. In 1895 a man called Willhelm Rontgen discovered the X-ray. This gave doctors expertise in locating broken bones and treating them and also giving clinical and pathological descriptions of a range of pulmonary ailments like Bronchitis, pneumonia and TB. The advances in medicine during this time was life saving. It gave people vaccines to try to rid them and the country of horrible disease. Both animals and people could now live longer and healthier lives as a result of these vaccines and medical advances. WORK Children were sent out to work from a young age. They were made to work to help support their families. Many earned just pennies by becoming chimney sweeps or working on the streets running errands. ...read more.


It was reviewed and changes were made 4 times. The original act said that children could not work more than 12 hours a day and then this was reviewed and in 1844 the hours of work for children was not to exceed 6 1/2 hours a day. Children under the age of nine were also not allowed to work and by 1844 certificates of age had to be given for children. Children benefited greatly from these acts, education at last for them was greatly beneficial, although this kept them from working and bringing in an income. The public health act was essential to combat illness and when this was passed it meant the end to dirty water in the middle of streets, drains and sewers were now inplace. Generally the whole of the era was a sad time. Not many positive outcomes could be had but some got through. The introduction of vaccines and general laws benefited these people greatly and indeed stopped the mass spread of disease and infections. The new laws that came into place saved many children lives by restricting working hours and sending them to school. All the above named factors had a massive part in the state of the health in the 1800's. It was a horrible time to live in but was made easier by the many rules and changes that came into place. ?? ?? ?? ?? Victoria Preston Page 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    How has public health improved in the 20th Century?

    3 star(s)

    In the First World War the government pledged the soldiers that it would solve the housing problem and create "homes fit for heroes" when the soldiers return. In 1919 a Housing Act was passed, requiring local councils to provide good homes for all working-class people.

  2. Research In Clinical Practise

    Their hypothesis also appears to be capable of testing and unambiguous, it, however, does not state whether 'detailed cost and efficacy studies' use an experimental approach. Terms used by Simon et al in the research question/problem are unambiguous. The design methods utilised by Simon et al are described as 'detailed

  1. Communicable and Non-Communicable Disease: Tuberculosis and Cystic Fibrosis

    another through their condition, as well as providing helpful information and links to relevant pages regarding treatment, personal goal setting, etc. In more general terms, despite not being targeted specifically at TB patients, the British Lung Foundation (BFL) caters for sufferers of all forms of lung disease, and is a very active and well acclaimed source of support available nationwide.

  2. Free essay

    binge drinking

    Alcohol-related crime costs �7.3bn. Another �4.7bn is spent on the human and emotional costs of alcohol-related crime. Some 22,000 people die prematurely each year because of alcohol misuse. This is directing government resources away from what they should be used for, to combat the public health issue: binge drinking. C.

  1. Medical Waste Incineration

    (Allsop et al, 2001, Executive Summary �, pg. 6). While it is possible for humans to ingest these particles from the air, the typical exposure begins with the ingestion by grazing animals and fish. They are unable to break these chemicals down, so the contamination travels up the food chain.

  2. Operations in the early 19th century resulted in a high death rate. Explain why ...

    This was seen as a cleaner and safer option than going to the filthy hospitals. Because the rich did not use the hospitals, they would still pay to use them but give there places to the poor, a worker or maid.

  1. How the role played by the Government influenced Public Health in the 19th Century.

    Although the Government did do all this to make public Health better they were not the only factor to influence the changes although they did play the significant role. Other factors included a wide range of different events which began to change the view on public Health.

  2. The 19th century saw great improvements in health and medicine - Do you agree?

    So health did not see great improvements. Even if I disagree that the 19th century didn't see many improvement in health, I do agree that the 19th century saw improvements in medicine. It started with the discovery of the smallpox vaccination. Edward Jenner discovered this discovery. People were given a small dose of the smallpox, some people died of this mild dose that they were given.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work