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Genetic factors that cause disease.

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Introduction

Genetic factors Sickle cell anaemia/trait/disorders This is an inherited long-term disease. If you have sickle cell you get one gene from each parent. The signs and symptoms for sickle cell are dizziness, shortness of breath, headache, pale skin and chest pain. The incidence is 1:12 to African-American people. The medication is blood transfusions, bone marrow penicillin. There is a long-term outcome is you can live longer than 30 years. The effects on development are your organs are destroyed physically and you would end up lacking confidence. ...read more.

Middle

The incidence for this is 1:800 to a 1000. There is no treatment for this and you can't control it either. The long- terms for this is that you can gain physical and mental skills and gain weight. The effects on development is hearing problems also communication problems. Cystic fibrosis The genetics for this is that it passes onto the child meaning it's a defective gene. Males and females are equally likely to inherit cystic fibrosis. ...read more.

Conclusion

Phenylketonuria (PKU) The genetic issue for this is an inherited disorder that increases the levels of a substance called phenylalanine in the blood. The treatment for Phenylketonuria involves eating a controlled diet that is low in protein. Therefore, someone with PKU must avoid eating foods that are high in protein, such as meat, poultry and dairy products. This disease might have an effect emotionally to a person because you have to have a lot of medicine and you start to feel down and tired. You might also have brain problems which would affect your body physically. ...read more.

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