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Hazards and Legislation health and social care

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´╗┐Jasmine Ahmed ? Health and Social Care L3 Task 1 Hazards and Legislation In this assignment I will be looking at potential hazards and harms that can be found in a health and care setting. I will also be investigating how legislation, policies and procedures relate to health, safety and security and in what way they influence health and social care. I will be explaining how legislation, policies and procedures are used to promote health, safety and security of individuals in health and social care workplaces. P2 & M1. Legislation, policies and procedures are put in place to protect the public. Legislation is a set of laws that is made by the government; we have laws to keep people safe and to be able to give them rights. Laws have a standardisation; it?s the same rules for everyone, we see the laws as a guideline it helps us know from right to wrong. Laws are always changing and new ones are continuously put in place. If the law is broken, the person will be punished this can include; getting fined, losing a job, prison sentence and shut down of restaurant. If there were not any laws people would not be able to speak out about their rights, they would not know how to respond to an issue or a problem. There would also be no safety laws for work settings as well as no protection from abuse. Laws help promote the health, safety and security of individuals; employers are responsible for the health and safety of employees as well as any visitors that are on the premises. ...read more.


The policy prevents food poisoning and contamination of food. This policy comes from the food safety act 1990 and food regulations 1995. The policy includes the general food hygiene regulation from 1995. The policy includes a variety of appropriate methods that must be followed such as the following; ?frequent hand washing in accordance with infection control guidance using liquid soap and hot water when handling, or serving food, mainly on entering the kitchen after:? (The Northern health and social care Trust Ward Patient Food Regeneration & service Policy ) * Visiting the toilet * Coughing or sneezing * Touching face or hair * Cleaning or touching cleaning chemicals and their containers or cleaning materials; and having direct contact with a patient/client * Hand washing should only be carried out in hand washing basin and never in a sink used for cleaning food or equipment * Cuts, burns and sores should always be covered with blue waterproof dressing The policy also states that any of the staff must report any illness to the manager, illnesses such as the following; vomiting, diarrhoea, septic discharges from the ears, eyes or nose and if they are a carrier of food poisoning illnesses. This policy comes from the 1995 food safety regulations ?anyone suffering from an infection such as vomiting and diarrhoea, should not have any dealings with food preparations.? (Health and social care 2010, Book 1 level 3 Edexcel, page 103). The policy also includes weekly ward kitchen inspections where the ward manager must take part in when possible to ensure that the appropriate remedial action is taken to action agreed by the inspection team. ...read more.


They have procedures to prevent exposure to hazardous substances. The regulation prepares plans to deal with accidents, incident or emergencies and to ensure that all procedures are followed. (Health and social care 2010, Book 1 level 3 Edexcel, page 105) Control of substances helps to promote the health, safety and security of others in health and social as many professionals maybe around hazardous substances, by knowing COSHH they will understand how to prevent or control the exposure. Another way it helps to promote would be that it helps identify early signs of diseases. Lastly it helps promote the safety of others in health and social as employers need to prepare plans on how to deal with someone?s accident, incidents and emergencies. Reporting of injuries, diseases and dangerous occurrences regulation (RIDDOR) 1995 The Reporting of injuries, diseases and dangerous occurrences regulation would be written for the local council to be able to have an understanding of how and where and why risks occur. This helps the council investigate serious accidents and the near accidents. The regulation includes the reporting of the following to the local council or health and safety executive; * Death or major injuries * Incident leading to why someone has been absent from work for three or more days * Reportable diseases * Dangerous occurrences such as fire, electrical short circuit and needle stick injures. Etc. By reporting the injuries it will help promote the health, safety and security of others as local councils will obtain an investigation of serious and near accidents. They will then advise the company on how to prevent or reduce the injury. Another way that it can promote the health and safety would be that it will enable the local council to find out why, where and how the risk occurred. ...read more.

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