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Health and safety legislation. - Health and safety at work act 1974

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Introduction

Health and safety at work act 1974 This Act is about security and welfare of every person at work, for protecting others against risks to health, also preventing the unlawful acquisition, procession and use of dangerous substances. It is the responsibility of all employers to health, safety ad social well being of that staff contractors, visitors and members of the public on their premises at all times. The main requirement of the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations is that employers must carry out risk assessments to eliminate or reduce risks. Employers with five or more employees need to record the significant findings of a risk assessment - it is not necessary to record risk assessments for trivial or insignificant risks. It recommended that staff receive health and safety training to assist in achieving their aims. In every work place maintenance of a working environment for employees that is safe, without risks to health, adequate as regard facilities and arrangement. Employers to minimise the health risks associated with manual handling, a term used to describe activities which involve lifting, carrying, moving, holding, pushing, lowering, pulling or restraining an object, person or animal. Employers should: * avoid the need to lift, carry, push, pull, lower or support loads wherever possible * mechanise tasks where they cannot be avoided by the use of trolleys, barrows, lifts or hoists * carry out risk assessments, which take into account the work task, the activity involved, individual capacity, working environment and other factors. ...read more.

Middle

They can also pose if a client is able to access them ant they are spitted or swallowed. COSHH requires the following:- * assessment of the risks * deciding what precautions are needed * prevention or control of the risks * ensuring that control measures are used and maintained * informing, instructing and training employees about the risks and precautions needed * labelling * chemicals- cleaning products * medication * waste disposal- different colour bags- red, green, black, yellow FOOD HYGIENE: The law does not mean food handlers must have received formal training. However a certificate saying that they have passed a recognised course is a evidence that have complied with the laws. Food hygiene legislation affects all food businesses, including caterers, primary producers, manufacturers and retailers. New legislation was introduced in the UK in January 2006. How it affects you will depend on the size and type of your business. Food business operators whose establishments are required to be registered should approach the relevant local authority. If you have registered your premises already and have not changed the type of work you do, you don't need to register them again. The premises for certain types of businesses need to be approved, rather than registered, including those producing the following foods: * meat and meat products * eggs * milk and dairy products * fish and fish products Food safety means more then just cleanliness, it includes all practices involved with: * Preventing food from the risk of contamination, including harmful bacteria, poisons and foreign objects. ...read more.

Conclusion

In every work place there should be a First Aid to be given to employees if they are injured or become ill at work. These regulations apply to all workplaces including those with five or fewer employees and to the time they are at work, this will include training for personal, equipment facilities and ways of making sure colleagues know about them. Employers are required to carry out an assessment of first-aid needs. This involves consideration of workplace hazards and risks, the size of the organisation and other relevant factors, to determine what first-aid equipment, facilities and personnel should be provided. All First Aiders should be trained and have a updated certificate every 3 years. All First Aid Kits should be fully stocked up in case of emergency. Disability Discrimination Act: The Disability Discrimination Act is a piece of legislation that promotes civil and equal rights for disabled people and protects disabled people from discrimination. The act requires public bodies to promote equality of opportunity for disabled people. It also allows the government to set minimum standards so that disabled people can use public transport easily. Disabled people have rights in areas of: * employment * education * access to goods, facilities and services * including larger private clubs and land bases transport services. * Equal and fair treatment- not giving more favourable treatment Under this new legislation all public bodies, such as higher education institutions, are required to: * promote equal opportunities for disabled people * eliminate disability-related harassment * Promote positive attitudes towards disabled people. ...read more.

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Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

This is a very good essay in terms of describing acts and what is required by a care setting in order to comply with them. It has been well researched and is written in a clear and concise style.

It could benefit from the writer actually applying the legislation to the care setting. This would demonstrate greater understanding and could be easily achieved through using examples.

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Marked by teacher Sam Morran 06/09/2013

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