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Health and social care unit 7 - AO1. I will be describing the benefits of exercise in the short and long term on physical, social and mental health including the benefits of exercise for each life stage

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Introduction

´╗┐Fazilla Mehdi A01: positive effects of exercise Unit 7 ________________ Introduction In this assignment, I will be describing the benefits of exercise in the short and long term on physical, social and mental health including the benefits of exercise for each life stage; children, adolescence, adulthood and old age. I will also be describing how exercise can be integrated into daily living and also include three labelled diagrams to show the physical effects of exercise on an individual?s health. Describe the benefits of exercise in the short and long term on physical, social and mental health. In what ways is exercise good for the body? The word "exercise" may make everyone think of running laps around the playground or going to the gym. But exercise can include a wide range of activities that boost your activity level to help everyone feel better and improve mood. Certainly running, lifting weights, playing basketball and other fitness activities that get your heart pumping can help. But so can gardening, washing the car, or strolling around the block and other less intense activities. What is Physical health? Physical health is the smooth functioning of various physiological systems of the body. A person should be fit to do all their routine work without any difficulty. They must possess normal body weight, good vision, healthy skin, proper dental conditions, good neuro-muscular coordination, etc. Exercise improves cardiac output and strength, increasing lung capacity which allows oxygen to circulate round the body more effectively. This supports the metabolic processes and improves cell and inter-cell nourishment. Exercise reduces cholesterol levels, increases blood supply to the muscles and reduces body fat, which is utilized during energetic activities. Bone strength and flexibility are improved by weight-bearing activity. Improvements in blood supply to the heart and brain can reduce the risk of coronary heart disease and stroke. Exercise increase the ability to remove toxins and waste products, and improves immune system function, reducing the likelihood of illness. ...read more.

Middle

Relating with people and being able to work in large groups inadvertently develops one?s communications skills. Communication is an important part of everyday life. Social skills are a human?s basic need, and our ability to function well is extremely affected by the relationships we keep because the ways in which we choose to interact with others largely determines the quality of those relationships, it's important to communicate purposefully. Effective communication improves most areas of your life. With family and friends, communication can help you develop closer relationships. However, like any skill, communication requires practice and even some training. All you need is a group or partner to work with. Socialisation is an active process of learning and social development that occurs as people interact with one another and form ideas about who they are and make decisions about their goals and behaviour. Socialisation is ?the process by which a human being beginning at infancy acquires the habits, beliefs, and accumulated knowledge of society through education and training for adult status,? according to Merriam-Webster. Research suggests sports play both a positive and negative role in socialization, not only between young athletes and their peer group, but also between children and adults. Research also indicates that sports play differing roles in socialization for boys and girls. If adolescents are able to communicate then they will be able to make more future relationships a lot easier as they have more experience of how to interact with others which will benefit them later in life when they are getting a job. http://www.livestrong.com/article/532903-what-is-the-role-of-sports-in-socialization/#ixzz1ooaXEMY6 http://www.livestrong.com/article/306574-free-effective-communication-skill-exercises/#ixzz1oS5qY58P http://www.livestrong.com/article/131299-exercises-improve-communication-skills/#ixzz1oMu3kd9g Adults Men Physical The short term benefit of exercise for men is that it helps their muscle become stronger. Strength training is a way for them to meet the recommended minimum of 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity each day. Strength training helps men to burn extra calories, build strong muscles, bones, and joints, and improve their physical functioning. ...read more.

Conclusion

Inside the bones, there are cells that contain fibres and ground substance. As the cells develop, the calcium compounds inside crystallize. This creates bones: able to withstand great pressure and strength without breaking. Calcium and phosphorus are stored within your bones. Interestingly, the skeletal system is that in spite of its strength and ability to support, the tissue within bones is very light. Our skeletons comprise only about 18 percent of our body weight. How exercise affects the skeletal system? The skeletal system consists of the bones, ligaments that connect bones to other bones and cartilage that protects the bones from wear and tear. Exercises such as push ups, sit-ups and even aerobic exercises like running all benefit the skeletal muscles by strengthening the fibres of the muscle tissue, which increases both, the size of the muscle, the strength and the support of the body. Aerobic and strength training exercises burn calories, which helps you lose weight or maintain a healthy weight. Carrying around excess weight on your body places additional stress on the joints, which can increase your risk for joint pain or joint diseases such as osteoarthritis which mostly happens in the elderly. Exercise, especially strength training, places stress on the bones, which causes the body to react by increasing the overall density of the bones being affected. These strengthening benefits can start at an early age; this is why the Disease Control and Prevention centre recommends that children take part in jumping exercise activities such as jump rope at least three days a week to help create strong bones. Exercise also can reduce the risk for certain diseases and health problems that can negatively affect both your muscles and your bones. Strength training is cited as a way to reduce the risks of developing the bone disease osteoporosis. The strengthening of muscle and bones can also reduce the risks of age-related problems later in life such as the reduction of muscle mass and strength, or injuries and broken bones from falling. How Does the Skeletal System Work? | eHow.com http://www.ehow.com/how-does_4564071_skeletal-system-work.html#ixzz1oHfW2gJj http://www.livestrong.com/article/341860-what-are-the-benefits-of-physical-activities-for-musculoskeletal-health/#ixzz1oHetljMA ...read more.

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