• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How has public health improved in the 20th Century?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How has public health improved in the 20th Century? The Industrial Revolution paved the way for many factories and a large, poor, working-class population. Therefore, at the beginning of the 20th century, Britain had thousands of factories polluting the environment and millions of poor workers living in squalor. This meant that the most important concerns of public health were better housing and cleaner air. Housing In the cities businesses wanted as many workers near to the factories as possible so that there would be less travel time and more time working. Builders built houses back to back so that they could cut on expenditure and fit more people in. ...read more.

Middle

The government funded the scheme for the first four years and this helped speed up the work. The "homes fit for heroes" scheme improved public health because it created over a quarter of a million new homes. The next step was the "slum clearance" program. This involved areas of bad housing being flagged for improvement. Later the people would be relocated, the houses razed, new improved ones built, then the people would move back. In the 1930's over 700,000 homes were built in connection with this plan. This improved public health because it helped more people out of squalid conditions but unfortunately local councils exaggerated their work and left many still without good housing. ...read more.

Conclusion

By 1971 the smoke pollution entering the atmosphere had been reduced by 65%. This helped improve public health because it greatly reduced long-term affects on people's respiratory organs. This was not all. After the Second World War the National Health Service was created and by 1948 nearly all the hospitals had joined the organization and 92% of doctors had. This improved people's chances because it opened up a new angle on health, it was something for all, anyone could seek advice and get treatment. Unfortunately the demand was so high that the NHS could not cope. By 1960 spending was �726 million. Public Health was also improved through INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION and COMMUNICATION. The World Health Organization, set up by the United Nations, increased the number of children receiving vaccinations, eradicated smallpox and is working to eradicate polio, malaria and tuberculosis. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

Star rating 3
This essay describes and partially explains three factors that explain how public health improved in the twentieth century. Housing and air pollution, associated with factories, have been considered, and health introduced through the beginnings of the NHS and vaccination. Improvements can be made as is indicated in the feedback provided. There is no referencing nor a bibliography produced.

Marked by teacher Jenny Spice 17/09/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    In this essay I will be both describing and evaluating the different methods used ...

    3 star(s)

    The five a day (5 A DAY) programme set up by the government had two main aims in order to increase the amount of fruit and vegetable consumption, these were to: * Raise awareness of the health benefits * Improve access to fruit and vegetables through targeted action The five a day (5 A DAY)

  2. Theories of health and illness

    a major effect on today's diagnosing and treating of illnesses and mental health. Hippocrates'4 humors defined disease by the appearance of blood, black bile, yellow and green phlegm. The bodily fluids where then linked to seasons, parts of the body affected and then personality.

  1. Effective communication - P1, P2, P3, M1

    Interpreters can also help with someone who has a hearing disability, this is because they can interpret what the care worker has said and then use sign language back to the service user and vice versa. Many care workers will come across services users that suffer from physical disabilities.

  2. Outline current legislation, guidelines policies and procedure within own UK Home Nation affecting the ...

    The potential effects on children and young people that are bullied could be: ? They show aggressive tendencies (just like their bullies). ? They might turn their anger inward becoming self destructive (Engage in substance abuse). ? Delayed development. ? Become depressed or anxious.

  1. Unit 21 Nutrition for health and social care

    requirement of energy or a nutrient needed by a group of people i.e. approximately 50% of people will require less, and 50% will require more. 1. RNI is the amount of a nutrient that is enough to ensure that the needs of nearly all a group (97.5%)

  2. Research Methodology for health and social care

    Education: It is important to carry out research into education as it presents more information for investigation. This allows for improvements based on greater information and study. It is very important. Education is one of the most important things in the life because you as a person will never improve yourself or the world around you.

  1. Unit 10 caring for children and young people

    Truanting- truancy is when a child misses school on a regular basis with no authorisation. Children may truant because of many reasons including: bullying, exam stress, peer pressure, lack of motivation, seeking attention, health and learning difficulties. Firstly if a child is to truant from school their parents/carers will be

  2. Public Health: How are current patterns of ill health monitored? How have current patterns ...

    Life expectancy at birth for males: by life expectancy at birth, we mean how long we expect an average individual to live after they have been born. Please note that the current statistics available are from 2009 and not the current date (2011).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work