• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How has public health improved in the 20th Century?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How has public health improved in the 20th Century? The Industrial Revolution paved the way for many factories and a large, poor, working-class population. Therefore, at the beginning of the 20th century, Britain had thousands of factories polluting the environment and millions of poor workers living in squalor. This meant that the most important concerns of public health were better housing and cleaner air. Housing In the cities businesses wanted as many workers near to the factories as possible so that there would be less travel time and more time working. Builders built houses back to back so that they could cut on expenditure and fit more people in. ...read more.

Middle

The government funded the scheme for the first four years and this helped speed up the work. The "homes fit for heroes" scheme improved public health because it created over a quarter of a million new homes. The next step was the "slum clearance" program. This involved areas of bad housing being flagged for improvement. Later the people would be relocated, the houses razed, new improved ones built, then the people would move back. In the 1930's over 700,000 homes were built in connection with this plan. This improved public health because it helped more people out of squalid conditions but unfortunately local councils exaggerated their work and left many still without good housing. ...read more.

Conclusion

By 1971 the smoke pollution entering the atmosphere had been reduced by 65%. This helped improve public health because it greatly reduced long-term affects on people's respiratory organs. This was not all. After the Second World War the National Health Service was created and by 1948 nearly all the hospitals had joined the organization and 92% of doctors had. This improved people's chances because it opened up a new angle on health, it was something for all, anyone could seek advice and get treatment. Unfortunately the demand was so high that the NHS could not cope. By 1960 spending was �726 million. Public Health was also improved through INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION and COMMUNICATION. The World Health Organization, set up by the United Nations, increased the number of children receiving vaccinations, eradicated smallpox and is working to eradicate polio, malaria and tuberculosis. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

Star rating 3
This essay describes and partially explains three factors that explain how public health improved in the twentieth century. Housing and air pollution, associated with factories, have been considered, and health introduced through the beginnings of the NHS and vaccination. Improvements can be made as is indicated in the feedback provided. There is no referencing nor a bibliography produced.

Marked by teacher Jenny Spice 17/09/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    In this essay I will be both describing and evaluating the different methods used ...

    3 star(s)

    The five a day (5 A DAY) programme set up by the government had two main aims in order to increase the amount of fruit and vegetable consumption, these were to: * Raise awareness of the health benefits * Improve access to fruit and vegetables through targeted action The five a day (5 A DAY)

  2. Marked by a teacher

    History of the National Health Service.

    3 star(s)

    and basic and more often than not the patient still died with no cure for their ailments. In 1906 the Liberals swept into power as the ruling Government, and they introduced a means tested old age pension for persons aged seventy years old or above (at this time the average life expectancy for men was around 48 years old).

  1. Theories of health and illness

    theory this is the biological theory, and a scientific way of diagnosing illness and disease, there is a physical cause or the body might be invaded by disease or infection. This is the cause of ill health people understand and tend to follow more as there is scientific evidence for the illness or disease.

  2. Outline current legislation, guidelines policies and procedure within own UK Home Nation affecting the ...

    worthless or wish you had never been born, it is still wrong even if they don?t realise they are doing it. The potential effects on children and young adults that are bullied could be: ? Blaming yourself. ? Depression. ? Self harming.

  1. Unit 21 Nutrition for health and social care

    Governed by the consumer code, food supplements must be declared to the Directorate General for Competition, Consumer Affairs and Fraud Control (DGCCRF), which investigates their composition and carries out inspections similar to those performed for other categories of foodstuffs. The regulations stipulate the gradual establishment of a positive list of ingredients authorized for the manufacturing of food supplements.

  2. Public Health: How are current patterns of ill health monitored? How have current patterns ...

    The latest statistics available for road traffic collisions date back to 2003. In England in 2003 there were 14,631 serious injuries or deaths caused by road traffic collisions. Looking at the statistics in 1999 we can see that the rate of people being seriously injured or killed has been steadily decreasing.

  1. Unit 10 caring for children and young people

    The contract will propose that the parents/carers are presented with help and support to ensure the child attends school and may also contain an agreement to attend a parenting programme. If truanting continues to progresses the parents/carers may be presented with a parenting order which is a court order that

  2. Research Methodology for health and social care

    of local employment; and young adult s moving on, leaving old adults in the family home. The services needed for a new housing estate with lots of young children, are usually different from those needed a well-established estate with a greater proportion of older adult residents.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work