• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How has the therapy of breast cancer improved over the years

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐How does the therapy of breast cancer improved through years. Breast cancer is a kind of lethal cancer. About 6 percent of American women have it and half of them even died owing to this (Cole, P., 1974). In 1974, the report ?Epidemiology of Breast Cancer: An Overview? shows the figure of new cases and deaths from breast cancer in United States is 89,000 and 32,500 respectively. At that time experts of epidemiology and biomedical science tried to find the cause of breast cancer by studying genetic, hormonal, environmental and viral factors in etiology, but still failed to find the reason why breast cancer happened. In 1980, Halsted, one of the American surgery pioneers, introduced radical mastectomy as a therapy for breast cancer. Breast cancer can spread much more quickly than people imagine and it can also invade the areas which are near the breast. ...read more.


Although the effective treatment has completely achieved success, there are also many elderly women who die from breast cancer. It can be detected earlier than before, however the most progress of breast cancer usually develops slowly and the numbers of patients had already suffered from other causes before their cancer being symptomatic. It has been calculated that the average cost for breast cancer treatment may rise approximately about $20,000 after the patient survives breast cancer. These figures are from Medicare and National Cancer Institute?s Surveillance on the innovations in treatment from 1985 to 1996. As this essay mentioned, treatments often have side effects especially the treatments for cancers. Feeling tired, have no appetite, losing weight, wanting to throw up and damaged skin, these are all common side effects which may happen during the process of breast cancer treatment. While reducing the dose or changing the prescription has fewer side effects majority of women would like to let their body heal itself. ...read more.


Plastic surgery is now a mature medical technique that can reconstruct the human body, but it still has to reduce the potential psychological problems. The intimate relationship between couples may also be difficult after surviving breast cancer. So the problem comes after the journey of survival is not an individual problem anymore, it may not do harm to both partners? physical health but how about their mental health? Lack of sex is a kind of problems that comes from mental problem due to the partner?s mastectomy surgery. To conclude, this essay has discussed how the therapy of breast cancer has improved through years. An increasing number of women avoid death as a result of breast cancer. It has emerged that mastectomy; the most effective way to heal breast cancer that can save victims from death may also cause some troubling side effects to both patient and partner. It is to be hoped that while the innovation of medical technology continues, medical experts can focus more on the side effects of every new therapy, in order to prevent patients suffering harmful side effects. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and Family Interventions for Psychosis.

    be superior in reducing positive symptoms compared with waiting list controls (Tarrier et al 1993). Bentall, Haddock & Slade (1994) have used a different approach to deal with psychotic symptoms by looking at the fundamental cognitive bias underlying hallucinations (i.e.

  2. Complementary Therapies

    and James Braid who developed hypnotherapy using inspiration from Mesmer's ideas. Hypnosis was a technique Freud adopted in his early work to treat mind disorders but then concentrated on developing his own theories after recognising that hypnotherapy was only a useful technique with certain problems.

  1. mechanisms of fatigue

    but the oxygen replenishment of myoglobin and refilling the glycogen stores take between 24 and 48 hours. If the exercise session was of a very high intensity then it will take longer to recover, however, the fitter you are the faster you will recover.

  2. Ovarian cancer

    to establish a diagnosis or the presence of just one of the patterns is sufficient has not been clearly established. Fortunately, most tumors exhibit a mixture of these components. Benign and borderline counterparts of clear cell ovarian adenocarcinomas are theoretical possibilities.

  1. Emergency Hormonal Contraception.

    appropriate); if the client is pregnant or likely to become pregnant, supply should not be made (not because that EHC would do any harm to the foetus but it simply does not work); clients on certain medications and herbal remedies should be referred to their GPs because there are possible

  2. Principles of breast cancer care.

    Invasive duct carcinomas account for over 90% of breast cancers. They present as hard, poorly defined lumps. Involvement of the ligaments and ducts leads to dimpling and pitting of the skin, and nipple inversion. Baum, M, 1999. Invasive lobular carcinoma is responsible for 8% of breast cancers, tumours occur at several sites, in the same breast or both.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work