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How service users can help prevent diseases spreading

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Introduction

Mehvish bibi Task 2c How the service users can prevent from diseases spreading? There are many ways in which the service can try to do, to prevent disease from spreading; these are the following main ways: * Treat all blood and body fluids as infected. * Use good hand hygiene. * Cover any broken skin. * Wear protective clothing when dealing with body fluids. * Use and dispose of sharps appropriately. * Disinfect body fluid spillages correctly. * Dispose of waste and excreta carefully. What is Hepatitis A and how it can be spread? Hepatitis A is a serious liver disease caused by infection with the hepatitis A virus (HAV). Hepatitis A occurs when the hepatitis A virus is taken in by mouth. The virus then multiplies in the liver and is passed in the faeces. An infected person's hands can become contaminated after using the toilet and the virus then spreads by direct contact, or by food, beverages and other objects that were handled by the infected person, such as cups and spoons. For example, hepatitis A can spread when people: * Don't wash their hands thoroughly after going to the toilet or changing nappies. * Eat non-cooked foods, such as salads, which have been contaminated by being handled by an infectious person. ...read more.

Middle

* Protect or cover your skin * Keep skin in good condition * Use moisturisers appropriately * Cover wounds or broken skin with suitable dressing http://www.leedsteachinghospitals.com/sites/infection_control/documents/universal_06.pdf COMMON DISEASES: Transmission & Symptom IN GRYFRIERS, WHEN CARE WORKER WANTS TO COMMUNICATE WITH SERVICE USERS, THEY SHOULD THE FOLLOWING THINGS TO PREVENT INFECTIONS SPREADING: 1) Remove coat before 2) Entering isolation room and only take in essential equipment. 3) Wear protective clothing. 4) prior to leaving room: a) Remove protective clothing and place in clinical waste bag inside room. b) Wash hands 5) After leaving isolation room, immediately outside: a) Wipe stethoscope / tourniquet etc. with 70% alcohol wipes. b) Apply 70% alcohol hand rub to all parts of hands. c) Replace coat. DISEASES TRANSMISSION TRANSMISSION Chicken Pox Via respiratory and lesion secretions Itchy rash, slight fever Diarrhoea Faecal - oral route Increased fluidity, frequency or volume of bowel movements Hepatitis A Faecal - oral route Inflammation of the liver HIV/AIDS Blood & body fluids Deficiency of the immune system Training to help the care workers know the importance of universal precautions. Training is of vital importance for care workers, if they are to undertake their work safely. Under the requirements of the National Minimum Care Standards, workers in the care sector are required to be suitably trained in Infection Control. ...read more.

Conclusion

How to apply Alcohol Hand Gel * Make sure your hands are visibly clean. * Apply one to three shots of alcohol gel from the dispenser to dry hands. Do not apply any water to your hands * Rub alcohol hand gel over ALL surfaces of your hands and wrists (don't forget the nails, thumbs and fingertips) until all of the alcohol gel has evaporated and your skin feels dry * Avoid getting the gel onto clothing Although using the gel can help prevent infections from spreading, the best way is to wash your hands; Alcohol hand Gel does not kill all the bacteria on the hands. Hands should be washed with soap and water. The main way that micro-organisms are spread from one place to another is on the hands. We transfer some of the micro-organisms on our hands to everything we touch. Cleaning hands effectively reduces the spread of micro-organisms. http://www.iow.nhs.uk/uploads/Infection/pdfs/Alcohol_Hand_Gel_V2.pdf In greyfriers nursing home, the care workers are planning on getting the alcoholic gel for visitors, service users and care workers to use, they will be putting it on the entrance and exit of the nursing home. This will help prevent infections from spreading, so there will be less people getting affected by the infections. A few years in greyfriers nursing home, the service users used to share beds in the medical room, this was not a good thing, as it leads to spreading infections from one service user to another, and it made the service users more ill. ...read more.

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