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Human growth and development

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Human growth and development Assignment 2 case study P5 Morgan is six weeks old but he should still be able to do a lot with his body. He should be using and be encouraged to develop his gross motor skills. At this age Morgan should be able to position his head on the side, arm or his leg outstretched. He should be able to turn from their side to their back. This means that if you lye tem on their side they should be able to move their body on to their back. He should have ventral suspension which means his head in line with his body and his hips extended. Morgan is only six weeks old so won't be able to sit but should be able to be pulled up into the sitting position. At this age most children will put things in their mouth automatically and this is part of Morgan development because he should be able to fit his fist in his mouth. He should typically be able to open his hand occasionally. The other part of Morgan's physical development is his fine motor skills which at Morgan's age he should be able to express interest and excitement through his facial expressions. He should also be able to open his hand and grasp an adult's finger. At this stage of Morgan's life he should be able to focus his gaze 20-25cm away from him. This is part of his sensory development also part of there is turning their head to diffuse light source and stare at bright shiny objects like money or keys. Morgan should be able to move his head to the source of sound but he will not be able to locate where it is coming from. If something is dropped or there is a sudden noise Morgan should be started and or he may freeze. At six weeks old Morgan should blink defensively when something comes towards him. ...read more.

Middle

She should be able to mange toilet independence and have day days and maybe dry nights. At 3 Nadine should be able to show affection to younger sibling and make friends. At this age their imagination is big and this may make them develop fears such as the dark. As well as making friends they should be able to take turns and become more aware of male and female. There are some things that Nadine should be able to do in their moral and spiritual development. Nadine should be developing the concept to help people and believe rules in games or other areas are fixed and unchangeable. Play is important in a child's development and especially at Nadine's age because play is their main source of learning and development. They should enjoy playing on tricycles and playing outside. Nadine should enjoy simple craft activities like painting and join in pretend play. At her age she should enjoy doing puzzle, jigsaws and playing with toys on the floor with others or on their own. Steven is seven years old and his gross motor skills should be well improved at this age. He should be able to hop on either one of his legs and walk I thin line with his arms outstretched. This shows that his balance should be good at this age. He should be really good or an expert at riding his bike or roller skates. There stamina should be increased in swimming, skating, gymnastics or other activities. They should be able to climb up apparatus with skill and able to control speed of their running and can move to avoid a collision. Steven should be skilful at catching or throwing a ball using one hand. There fine motor skills should be well developed at this age too. He should be more independent in his writing skills, clear capital and small letters to make sure they are more in proportion. ...read more.

Conclusion

However due to his mum being ill he may not get attention and encouragement form her. The family lives in on a council estate and on the 7th floor so Morgan may but get out much. It is important for Morgan to get out to see new things and for fresh air. At this age it is very important for babies to have fresh air so they can stay healthy. Babies need to see new things and look at the environment so that when they are older its not foreign to them and they aren't scared of something. Steven is 7 years old and it is important for him to get out and enjoy fresh air and other large games like football. Living in this new place he may feel uncomfortable and less likely to go out and make new friends with people. At school he is doing well so he is still developing well however his social skills aren't. This maybe because he is scared or hasn't spend a lot of time with children of his own age. Steven lives in a one bedroom house with the rest of he family so he is not getting the privacy he needs to do he homework or just to be on his own with his one feelings. Steven mother is ill so he maybe taking on more responsibility than he should be at this age. He may be cooking, cleaning and looking after siblings so this may mean he has not been socialising much because his brother and sister need him. His mother may not be giving him the attention he need either just to talk about his day or to talk about his feeling towards he farter. Steven may feel that he has to be the man of the house due to Trevor leaving and he may comfort his mother when they have had an argument. This is to such for a 7 year old to deal with and may cause him to bottle up all his feeling because he mother has lots of problems. ...read more.

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