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Human Infertility

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Human Infertility Infertility is a condition of the reproductive system of ether males or females, which prevents conception. An estimated one in sex couples are faced with difficulties in conceiving. Approximately 35-40 per cent of infertility cases are found to be due to female factors and 35-40 per cent of cases are found to be due to male factors. The remanding cases are due to both parties or found to be unexplainable. Many infertility problems can be diagnosed and the majority treated. There are a number of areas in which a woman may have difficulty leading to infertility. These include Endometriosis, a condition in which endometrial tissue grows outside the Uterus. This condition is a major course of female infertility in which women may suffer from painful menstrual periods and irregular or heavy bleeding. This can also lead to repeated miscarriages. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a condition in which the ovaries have many small cysts and hormone imbalances. This can lead to Irregular menstrual periods as well as excessive hair growth and weight gain. Ovulation problems are any condition preventing the mature eggs being released from the ovary. This will often course the menstrual period to be heavy or light and infrequent or even absent altogether. Female Tube Blockage happens when a woman's fallopian tubes get blocked or damaged preventing the egg from getting to the uterus. ...read more.


Men can take fertility drugs to increase sperm the production, of which 25 per cent will go on to impregnate their partner. Surgery can be used to fix many blockage related infertility problems. Surgery is used to remove endometrial scarring, fibroids or ovarian cysts. 40-60 per cent of women who have surgery for Endometriosis blockages become pregnant with in 18 months were as for other types of blockages the success rate can very greatly depending on the severity of the blockage. Previous sterilisation can often be reversed through surgery. Artificial Insemination involves delivering a concentrated dose of sperm into the uterus or fallopian tubes with a catheter. Donor sperm can be used in the procedure. Some women suffer from cramping for a couple of days after the procedure. 5-20 per cent of women become pregnant per attempt of Artificial Insemination. Surrogacy is when another woman carries a couple's embryo to term, the embryo can be donated. This method has many psychological difficulties associated with it for both the couple and the surrogate mother. In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) is a procedure were eggs are removed directly from the ovaries. They are then fertilised in a laboratory creating embryos which are then transplanted to the uterus. Fertility drugs used with IVF can cause symptoms such as cramping and ovarian swelling. With IVF there is also the risk of having twins or multiples. ...read more.


This then puts the doctor in the position of assessing the suitability of a patient. The welfare of the child act has no guide lines for medical professionals to follow. This raises the problem of how these people might assess the welfare of the child, a child not even born yet. Little is known on how the welfare the child clues is put into practice, but there has been some published cases. Such as a case were a woman who had an abortion three children who were put into care because she couldn't cope. 25 years later after apparently turning her life around and being with a new partner was refused treatment. Different clinics approach the issue in different ways. With clinics not righting down why patients are refused and most clinics say that they treat on case by case basis, making it difficult to assess the criteria for treatment. This practice of clinical staff assessing patients on non medical bases courses a lot of controversy. When a clinic that is staffed with individuals with there own moral ideals, can make decision on who is entitled to treatment with out any clear guidelines. The door is left open for medical professionals to inflect their own preference of control over infertility treatment. This can be fare from the general public opinion. Though who's to say the general public has right to view over an individuals right to reproduce. And in all this who is open to being refused. ...read more.

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